An open or closed attic staircase

The construction of a loft staircase depends on the type of use of the loft. If access is rarely required, retractable sliding stairs or scissor stairs are an ideal alternative. With open staircase types, not only the smallest space requirement but also the insulation must be considered.

little need for space

Usually, there is the stairwell or a stairwell to the loft at building sites where an open staircase does not find enough space or takes away. Therefore, despite many available models of so-called space-saving stairs usually retractable stairs are the better choice.

Typically, a hatch, or a scissor staircase is screwed onto a hatch of approximately two meters. By opening and tilting the hatch, the stairs can be pushed or opened and guided to the ground. Comfort models unfold at the same time a light railing. These two staircase forms are staircases that permanently close the ceiling opening when closed.

On-site insulation situation

For open stairs next ladder-like emergency stairs are used as space-saving stairs especially spiral staircases and the so-called samba stairs. The samba steps alternately have only one-sided recessed treads on the steps, so that upon entering a hip swing arises, which is reminiscent of the dance of the same name.

The open stairs are only suitable for attics that are well insulated or expanded. The installation of the attic stairs is usually done without flap or hatch, allowing the warm air to rise to the top.

The heating energy of the downstairs rooms is often enough with good roof insulation to heat the attic sufficiently without own heating. Conversely, it shows the enormous heat flow, which otherwise must be prevented by adequate and good insulation of the attic stairs.

Planning steps for the attic stairs

When planning a loft staircase, the following conditions must be checked in order to prepare or select the ideal construction:

  • To bridge the height distance
  • lead angle
  • Space in the room
  • Insulation situation in the attic
  • Fitness of the persons in use (older, children)
  • With or without railing or handrail / Necessary safety in use
  • Metal or wooden construction
  • Required passage dimensions
  • ease of Use
  • Mechanical drive with or without spring technology
  • Electric drive
  • Slip resistance of performances
  • Door-like closure option in an open staircase type

If the loft staircase is to be used very often, an open construction may be advisable with hatch to be inserted. In open Durchstieglöchern next to the unrestrained heat energy dissipation and any possible odor developments, for example, by a kitchen and the unhindered propagation of acoustic signals to pay attention.

Tips & Tricks

Check again and again the fall protection of your attic stairs. If you open the closed hatch, the stairs must not be technically able to "crash" - even if not used improperly.

Video Board: How to Replace a Pull-Down Attic Staircase