Plant and maintain anemones in the garden

Anemones transform the garden into a veritable sea of ​​flowers

Plant and maintain anemones in the garden: maintain

The anemones count to Family of buttercup plants and are also popularly called anemones. These plants are real gems: Depending on the species and variety and at different flowering times, they enrich every garden. Here, the ambitious hobby gardener can choose between over 150 different species that show their colorful and diverse flowers in spring, summer or autumn.

In the plant genus of anemones must be differentiated between tubers and perennials. So it is with the planting and care species-specific differences to consider. While the tuber variety often stays rather small and flowers in spring, high-growing perennials show their flowers only in autumn.

Below we give you Interesting care instructions and tips for planting different types of anemones.

Tuber or perennial - what are the differences?

In the plant genus of anemones is distinguished between perennials and tuber plants. Not only in the planting, but also in the care and propagation there are deviations that a good gardener should consider and implement accordingly.

In general, it can be said that most anemone plants are among the tubers, such as the popular wood anemone, the garden anemone or the ray anemone. Characteristic of the tuberous plants is the early flowering in spring, often as early as March, and a stature height of a maximum of 20 cm. These small plants can therefore Also kept well in the bucket on the balcony become and serve as a blooming groundcover in the garden.

The Perennials are autumn flowering plants and are much higher: Some species make their inflorescences at a height of up to 1.5 m. The autumn anemone also looks particularly beautiful as a specimen plant thanks to its bushy growth habit.

Site claims of the anemone

Plant and maintain anemones in the garden: anemones

Small-sized anemones are often used as ground cover.

Since you have to reckon with less sunshine with a reduced flowering, you should do not choose fully shaded places. But even in the blazing sun, the petite plants suffer. Therefore choose a place for your anemones in the light partial shade, where they are not exposed to the blazing midday sun, but still can capture enough sunshine. Ideally, a location under translucent shrubs or deciduous trees.

In addition, should The soil is humic, nutritious, calcareous and slightly loamy his. Nevertheless, it is important for a healthy plant growth to have a good deep loosening to make the soil easy to penetrate for the roots. Heavy soils that are highly compacted can be treated with some sand during planting.

Tip: When choosing a location, it should be remembered that the pH of the soil ideally between 6.5 and 7.5 lies. This value is not reached under healthy conifers, here the pH is usually too low.

Fertilize and irrigate anemones properly

Plant and maintain anemones in the garden: maintain

The fragrant flowers attract many beneficials into the garden.

With an optimal nutrient supply at the right location anemones apply Generally as extremely easy to clean. It is important that you avoid both prolonged dryness and stagnant moisture - the anemone reacts sensitively to both. As a rule of thumb, the sunnier the site, the more water the ornamental plants need. In the partial shade, on the other hand, watering is only done when the soil should dry out.

For one good soil quality, which promotes healthy plant growth, young plants are fertilized in the spring with humus or compost. During the flowering period, you will also need long-term organic fertilizers, such as wood chips, to extend the flowering phase.

Generally should The root area always loose and airy being held. Continue to remove weeds, which would make especially the small plants to strong competition. However, when weed and rake, make sure that the sensitive roots are not damaged.

Plant tuberous plants

Plant and maintain anemones in the garden: plants

The wood anemone is a popular tuberous plant of the plant genus of anemones.

The early-flowering windflower species are sold in most cases as tubers, similar to a flower bulb. These early bloomers are already planted in the autumn, in order to root well over the winter can. Before planting It is recommended that the tuber swell in water for one day.

Lift now a planting hole at least 5 cm deep and keep between the tubers a planting distance of about 15-25 cm. Cover the tuber lightly with soil and water everything moderately. An additional layer of leaves protects the tubers in the winter from excessive frosts.

Tip: Small-sized anemones act especially beautiful as a flowering ground cover when they are placed in clumps of at least five plants.

Plant perennials

Plant and maintain anemones in the garden: plants

Autumn anemones are tall plants and do not make their colorful flowers until late autumn.

Becoming autumn anemones not sold as a tuber, but as a plant in the pot. The container goods are planted in the open air in late spring so that the first colorful flowers show up in early autumn. To do this, remove the plastic pot, place the root ball in a sufficiently deep planting hole and cover everything with nutritious soil, which has been prepared with fresh compost. In this way, you support optimal plant growth without having to resort to chemical additives.

Not always high-growing anemones are supplied as a potted plant. If you order plants via a mail-order company, root pieces are often delivered to you. Experts speak of this Root cuttings or root-cuttings. These are placed deep in loose soil - since each root cut produces its own plant, a separate planting hole is dug for each root piece.

Tip: Autumn Anemones are sensitive to root pressure - Therefore, keep a planting distance of half the growth width. Depending on the variety, this corresponds to 20-50 cm.

Tip: If the direction of growth is not apparent is, the root cuttings is simply planted horizontally and finally slightly covered with soil and kept moist.

Propagation of tubers

Plant and maintain anemones in the garden: plant

Tuberous plants can be propagated by rhizomes.

Many early flowering anemone species will self-seed if they are not cut off in time after flowering. If you want a wild spread in the garden, you should Leave the flowering shoots until long after they have withered.

However, if you want to multiply your short-lived ground cover, this is achieved by so-called rhizomes in autumn. The tubers already transplanted in the garden form several foothills with smaller tubers. These are carefully separated with a sharp knife and replanted in the same growth direction at a new location at a depth of 5 cm. Keep the soil moist and cover it with sufficient antifreeze, such as brushwood or leaves.

Tip: If you do not want to transplant the tuber directly, you can the saplings in a dry box, which is laid with straw and sawdust, store until planting.

Multiply perennials

Plant and maintain anemones in the garden: maintain

To encourage the flowering of autumn anemones, old plants are split in spring.

The autumn anemones do not arise from a tuber, but form long taproots. Since seed cultivation is extremely time-consuming, older, strong plants should be split after 3-4 years. Even if the plants are getting too big, experts recommend a premature division of roots.

For this purpose, the roots are exposed in the spring on a mild day - a complete excavation of deep-rooted taproots is often impossible or associated with a lot of effort. Split the root with a sharp knife and just leave the bottom part, which would be difficult to remove, in the ground. The upper plant part is replanted at a new location (as described above).

The Division of old plants has the advantage of promoting flowering and overall plant growth.

Cutting anemones

In contrast to tuberous plants, autumn anemones do not self-seed and can therefore be cut off near the ground after flowering. It is important that leaves in general never before yellowing are removed, as anemones until late in the fall still collect nutrients that move them from the leaves into the root system. If the leaves are removed too soon, the plant lacks the strength for the following growth phase.

Therefore, anemones are also not suitable as cut flowers, if you want new flowers next year - the plant would go down if it is cut close to the ground during the flowering phase. Generally, anemones in the vase hang their heads after a few hours - Therefore, enjoy the flowers in the garden.

Overwinter anemones

Plant and maintain anemones in the garden: plant

The Balkan windflower is one of the tuberous plants and produces colorful flowers.

The majority of the anemone species is hardy and can remain in the ground during the winter. If the anemones you have planted are sensitive species, such as the popular garden anemone, the tubers are dug up in the fall and stored dry and frost-free. The ideal case is a wooden box that has been laid out with straw and sawdust.

Winter hardy varieties should also be protected against frost and moisture. For young plants, leave the foliage on the shoots, but flower stems are cut off at the roots. Before the new shoot, old leaves are finally removed in the spring. On older plants, the foliage can be removed before the hibernation, as they are sufficiently robust after a few years of existence. As an additional layer of insulation, autumn foliage and brushwood as well as straw have been proven.

Tip: use no conifer branches as additional winter protection. They lower the pH of the soil and thus harm the plant.

Similar sites

  • Plant and care for peonies in the garden
  • Plant and cultivate marjoram
  • Blooming screen for the garden
  • Sunflowers in the garden
  • Canna plant, nurture and overwinter
  • Keep perennials in the winter
  • Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants
  • Plant and maintain fat hen
  • Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden
  • Plant and nurture flowering heather plants
  • Exotic flowers of lilies
  • Plant cloves in the garden and care for them
  • Plant geraniums as potted plants and care for them
  • Plant and care for lavender properly
  • Plant, care for and harvest blueberries

Video Board: Japanese Anemone - Anemone x hybrida - How to grow Japanese Anemone