Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: apple

The apple from the garden should taste delicious, versatile and storable. Nurseries have now bred a wide range of apple varieties by crossing dwarf apple, crab apple and other wild apple varieties. Apple researchers (or pomologists) now even differentiate over 1500 different apple species that can be used for direct consumption, for juice or wine production.

However, only the usual suspects arrive on the market and in the supermarket shelf: Braeburn, Elstar, Gala, Golden Delicious or Jonagold. But even newer varieties, such as Fuji or Pink Lady are becoming increasingly popular. Disadvantage of the apple varieties from the trade: For the private garden they are rather unsuitable because of their high scab susceptibility.

Picking and consumption of apples

Some varieties can already be eaten after the apple harvest, however, some varieties develop their typical taste first some time later. Therefore, a distinction is made between the picking maturity and the ripe for consumption: In a pickle-ripe apple, the stem can be easily detached from its point of attachment. However, the apples are ripe for consumption only several days or weeks after picking, because they ripen during this time and develop their full varietal aroma.

Boskoop red

  • Taste: fruity, sour, refreshing, spicy, firm, juicy
  • Pulp, later crumbly
  • Picking: End of September to mid-October
  • Ready to eat: November to April
  • online: Red Boskoop

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: overview

Boskoop red

Braeburn

  • Taste: sweet, slightly aromatic, with crispy, firm flesh
  • Picking ripe: mid-October
  • Ready to eat: November to May
  • online: Apples Braeburn

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: description

Braeburn

Cox orange

  • Taste: sweet and sour, spicy, aromatic
  • firm and fine pulp, later pleasantly crumbly
  • Picking maturity: middle to end of September
  • Ready for consumption: end of September to March

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: description

Cox orange

Elstar

  • Taste: finely sour, spicy, refreshing, crisp, juicy flesh of white-yellowish color
  • Picking maturity: end of September to beginning of October
  • Enjoyment: End of September to May
  • online: Apples Elstar

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: most

Elstar

Gala

  • Taste: sweet fruit, fine aromatic, crisp, firm and juicy flesh
  • Picking ripe: mid-September
  • Ready for consumption: end of September to March

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: variety

Gala

Gloster

  • Taste: fruity, sourish, green-yellowish flesh
  • Picking ripe: mid-October
  • Ready to eat: November to May

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: description

Gloster

Golden delicious

  • Taste: sweet, aromatic, spicy, with fine acidity, firm, crisp pulp, later crumbly
  • Picking maturity: September to October
  • Ready for consumption: October to July

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: apple

Golden delicious

Holsteiner Cox

  • Taste: spicy, fruity, aromatic, fine-sourish, large-celled, yellow to cream colored flesh
  • Picking maturity: middle to end of September
  • Enjoyable: October to March

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: apple

Holsteiner Cox

Idared

  • Taste: slightly fussäuerlich, firm, white to slightly rosane flesh
  • Picking ripe: middle to end of October
  • Ready for consumption: December to July

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: apple

Idared

Jonagold

  • Taste: Sweetish and finely sour, juicy, yellow flesh, later fully ripe, soft and crumbly
  • Picking: End of September to mid-October
  • Ready for consumption: October to July

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: variety

Jonagold

Jonagored

  • Taste: Sweetish and finely sour, juicy, yellow flesh, later softer
  • Picking: End of September to mid-October
  • Ready for consumption: October to July

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: most

Jonagored

Pinova

  • Taste: sweet, aromatic, slightly spicy, juicy, fine-celled flesh
  • Picking ripe: October
  • Ready to eat: November to May

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: overview

Pinova

Blood apple (purple apple)

  • Taste: sweet and sour and aromatic. Special feature: red pulp
  • Picking ripe: October
  • Ready for consumption: until December

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: description

Blood apple (purple apple)

Rare apple varieties

The varieties listed above are nowadays in the Most supermarkets available, Less known are those apple varieties that already grown more than 400 years ago were. These apples are among the few varieties that have survived to this day under the names Red Iron Apple, Royal Crook or Autumn Parmaine.

In the past two centuries a large part of the diversity of varieties was lost. In the 18th and 19th centuries, fields, gardens and roadsides were planted with apple trees, so that different varieties mixed with each other. As a result, these so-called orchards had a large variety of varieties.

In a major change in the history of the apple was the increasing urbanization. Towards the end of the 19th century gave the German Pomologenverein the first variety recommendations for commercial fruit cultivation. Other apple varieties were lost to the highly rationalized dessert fruit production after the Second World War.

With the introduction of the Logging premiums in 1950 the apple variety dying reached its climax. These premiums were paid for the deforestation of unprofitable fruit trees, as a result of which the stock of orchard trees decreased drastically and only a few standard varieties were preserved. So own nowadays only about 20 to 30 varieties have an economic significanceof which apples, like Golden Delicious, Jonagold and Red Delicious account for almost 70 percent of the total apple apple varietyt make out.

There has been an upswing in the diversity of varieties in recent years through large-scale projects, such as the Apple Network, the end of 2009 by the Julius Kühn Institute Founded. The aim of this project is to obtain more than 1000 apple varieties with their specific characteristics. The varieties are planted permanently at at least two locations in Germany and thus secured their existence.

Of course, every person can contribute to preserving the varietal viability by planting old apple varieties in the garden or planting orchard meadows. The purchase of rare and regional varieties also contributes to this.

Securing biodiversity has a positive effect on modern apple varieties. For example, old varieties often have characteristics that are beneficial for the breeding of new varieties, such as flavor, adaptation to climatic changes, or natural resistance to disease and pests.

Traditional apple varieties in South Tyrol

The tradition of cultivating the old apple varieties has also been prescribed by many of the South Tyrolean apple farmers, who are dedicated to the Preservation and cultivation of traditional varietiesto the great variety in the different

Apple Variety Overview - Description of the most popular apple species with harvest time: description

In many traditional apple varieties, the name was determined by the vernacular, as here the blood apple

To receive regions of South Tyrol. These traditional apples can be recognized by their extraordinary name:

The yellow bellefleur is a very juicy apple with a crumbly consistency. This French variety is suitable as a table and apple economy and is known in South Tyrol under the name Schafsnase. The name is given to the apples by their round edges, which should look similar to the nose of a sheep.

The yellow Fritz is originally from the region Eppan and gets its name by its typical yellow color and its tingling bite. The Italian word frizzante, translated: sparkling, was colloquially changed in the course of time to Fritz.

Under the blood apple, also called purple apple, several apple varieties are known. Characteristic of these apples is the red pulp and the bright red peel.

A true treasure is the White Winter Calvill, which was even exported in tissue paper from South Tyrol to the Russian Czar's House at the beginning of the 20th century.

Of course, the well-known apple varieties, which make up the majority of apple cultivation in the region, belong to the true South Tyrolean originals and are recognized as a regional specialty. The seal of approval guarantees its origin and traditional cultivation.

Nutritional value per 100 g apple fruit
  • Energy: 54 Kcal
  • Boron: 0.25 mg Vit.
  • Magnesium: 5.00 mg
  • Vit. B1: 0.07 mg
  • Water: 81.70 g
  • Polyphenols: 0.90 g
  • Calcium: 7.00 mg
  • Vit B2: 0.04 mg
  • Protein: 0.45 g
  • Souls: 0.001 mg
  • Phosphorus: 14.00 mg
  • Vit. B6: 0.50 mg
  • Fat: 0.50 g
  • Sodium: 3.00 mg
  • Iron: 0.50 mg
  • Vitamin B3: 0.40 mg
  • Carbohydrates: 11.40 g
  • Potassium: 160.0 mg
  • Zinc: 0.10 mg
  • Vitamin B5: 0.13 mg
  • Polyphenols: 1.10 g
  • Chlorine: 5.00 mg
  • Vit. A: 8,00μg
  • Vit. C: 0.50 mg
  • Cholesterol: 0.00 mg
  • Manganese: 0.10 mg
  • Carotene: 0.50 mg
  • Silicon: 0.20 mg
  • Sulfur: 6.00 mg
  • Zinc: 0.07 mg
  • Vit. E: 0.60 mg
  • Molybdenum: 0.001 mg
  • Inositol: 22.00 mg
  • Copper: 0.04 mg
  • Folic acid: 0.007 mg
  • Pectin: 1.30 g

What is so healthy about the apple?

An apple has one balanced mixture of vitamins, trace elements and a large amount of phytochemicals. So he is rich in Folic Acid, B Vitamins, Vitamin E and Niacin, In addition, the strengthens high vitamin C content the immune system, while the secondary plant substance quercetin inhibits the conversion of nitrite into the dangerous nitrosamines and thus prevents the development of cancer.

The apple peel is also healthy if it has been thoroughly washed off before. In her are Carotenoids contain as precursors of the important vitamin A be valid. They are good for human eyesight, protect the skin from UV damage, which can lead to skin cancer, and give it a healthy look.

Finally, the apple contains a sufficient amount of vital minerals, such as calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus.

Apples are important for the intestinal tract

Regardless of the variety, an apple has other positive health properties. So it contains flavonoids, which can reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. This is also confirmed by the national research network, which is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).

Already since 2002 it exists under the guidance of Prof. Dr. med. Dr. Dieter Schrenk from the Technical University of Kaiserslautern (Department of Chemistry). The network examines the extent to which the Ingredients of apple juice for the prevention of intestinal diseases impact.

Apples are also healthy in the form of apple juice

Apple juice from fresh apples or bought apple juice are also very healthy. For example, bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in children and adolescents. The daily enjoyment of a freshly squeezed apple juice or even an apple juice concentrate can reduce the development of this disease.

Important: Prefer naturally cloudy apple juice over clear apple juice. The main difference is that the naturally cloudy apple juice contains a much higher content of vitamins, minerals, trace elements.

However, it should not go unmentioned that much more polyphenol is also included. Especially polyphenol can prevent colon cancer and possibly inflammatory bowel disease.

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