Fields of application of pipes


Piping systems are indispensable in almost all areas of our modern world. Wherever such piping systems are available, and which special requirements they have to meet in individual cases, this article clearly shows you.

Piping systems for mass transport

In a piping system, different media can be transported in an efficient and predictable manner. It does not always have to be liquids, other media are also transported in pipelines:

  • gases
  • Steam (for example steam)
  • free-flowing solids
  • pumpable solids

The transport of substances within a piping system can be flexibly planned and is subject to a large number of physical laws (hydromechanics, fluid mechanics and others).

Constructive requirements

The condition of a piping system must always correspond to the respective purpose. It is important to consider the temperature, the delivery pressure, the flow rate and the external influences.

From the outside, the following conditions can also act on piping systems:

  • traffic loads
  • Earth pressures (in underground pipes)
  • mechanical stresses on the cables
  • Corrosion from outside
  • various types of corrosion due to construction, such as crevice corrosion or contact corrosion
  • Temperature differences
  • rainfall

Use in the area of ​​municipal water supply

An important area for piping systems is the municipal drinking water supply and the wastewater supply (sewerage). Here, it is important to consider a variety of different circumstances, including hygienic aspects, during planning.

Flow rates, flow velocities and overall system design must also be carefully planned. The tightness of the entire network must always be given and monitored accordingly.

The drinking water supply is also one of the oldest areas in which pipelines were used. From antiquity, and even earlier, piping systems made of hollowed-out tree trunks were known that transported the water from a spring to a settlement or an antique business location.

Use in industry

In the industrial sector piping systems are the transport system par excellence. In them, all types of materials are transported to manufacturing or processing facilities. Corrosive liquids, lubricants but also steam (for example in power plants) sometimes make special demands on the tightness and the resistance of pipelines.

In many cases, high pressures or fast flow rates are required, which also make high demands on the piping system.

Special conditions also have pipelines for the transport of oil or natural gas over very long distances. Such lines must be specially monitored and protected against corrosion as leakage could have catastrophic consequences.

Pipelines in the area of ​​the heating system

Whether underfloor heating, wall heating or radiators: For each water-bearing central heating, a precisely planned and dimensioned piping system is also required. Here are additional special requirements, such as the minimization of heat loss.


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