Wall colors and colors: emulsion paint, textured paint, latex paint, glaze

Properties and characteristics

The colors in stores and DIY stores are based on ever new innovative technologies. It is advisable to handle the purse in a nutshell, as skimping on the color can very easily lead to an extremely "painstaking" painting result. Which different wall colors are available and which color is the right one for which room? Should the wall paint be washable and even scrub resistant, as is the case for bathrooms and kitchens? Or is your focus on environmental sustainability and sustainability? Before refurbishing, remember the key points when choosing the right ceiling color and wall color.

design Tips

Wall color is not the same as wall paint - this applies to all types of colors. There are big differences in quality and processability. It is up to the optician to decide for himself which color satisfies the needs and meets the taste. The environment must not be forgotten either. It is not only the compatibility and health safety of wall paints that are of utmost importance to users and users, but also to environmentally sound manufacturing and a ecological sales, As an alternative to traditional emulsion paints, natural colors are offered - free of solvents, suitable for a healthy indoor climate and also for allergy sufferers.

With wall paint you can design rooms according to your wishes and influence the mood - which color is refreshing, which calming. Often, the perceived room size changes only by the skilful choice of the right color shade for the wall colors.

emulsion paints

These paintings are a generic term for a variety different types of wall paintthat differ in their compositions. Emulsion paint is water-based and is more durable and high-quality the more binder it contains. It can be obtained both for exterior use as facade paint and for interior use as interior wall paint. The room color is stain resistant and washable, can be applied smoothly and evenly and covers well. Thus, emulsion paints are ideal for wall painting, as they hardly smell and dry quickly. The renovated room can be used and inhabited very soon after sufficient ventilation. With tinting ink, paste or solid color, dispersion colors can be colored, so that many decorative variants and room designs are possible, for example with the masking technique, with wall stencils or other original painting techniques.

Solid color

The paint in the practical brush tub is very easy to work with. Due to its solid consistency, it does not splash or drip. Thus, covering and cleaning work accounts largely. In addition, solid color covers particularly well by their high pigment content, usually a coat is sufficient. Solid color is available in matt and silk gloss, each in white and many ready-mixed shades.

Creamy color

Particularly light and clean in the application is the drip-inhibited creamy consistency. It has good opacity and high ranges.

Liquid color

The fine consistency of the liquid dispersions allows a particularly simple brushing. Their strong opacity enables high ranges. Therefore, liquid colors are especially suitable for large areas.

Solvent-based paints

In addition to water-based paints, there are also those based on solvents. Oil or alkyd resin are their main ingredients. They are usually found under the paints and are used, for example, for the painting of furniture. The surface achieved when painting is smoother, harder and more resistant as with water-soluble emulsion paints. Gloss paints are usually among the solvent-based paints. During processing, it should be borne in mind that these enamel paints are less environmentally friendly and the drying time and evaporation phase take longer than with water-based paints. Ensure adequate ventilation during and after painting.

Decoration colors and glazes

A glaze is a clear coat that lets the underlying material or paint shine through and forms a thin layer on a primer. With various techniques, for example with an effect glove in the wiping or sponges in the sponge technique, rooms can be designed to be particularly effective to conjure a Mediterranean or antique ambience. If it is a filigree color pattern, the Stupftechnik.Je composition is distinguished between glaze colors (based on plastic dispersion) and glaze lacquers (based on paints).

Lime colors and lime milk

Lime coatings are mineral paints and binders that have been dissolved with water. These colors used to be widely used both indoors and outdoors, but have increasingly been replaced by the more easily processed emulsion paint. Lime paint, also called lime milk, is still used for historic buildings and building restorations. Because the warm, matte, white color has a very special character and can not be achieved with a different wall color.

silicate paint

Silicate paints are the second large group of mineral paints in addition to lime paint. All these colors, in contrast to emulsion paint, contain mineral binders. Beir silicate paints, this binder is potassium silicate glass that under the action of carbon dioxide in the room air with mineral substrates reacts and forms a very stable chemical compound with them. As a result, silicate paints are very weather- and UV-resistant, but at the same time highly permeable, making them ideal for exterior painting and painting in damp rooms.

Casein color and milk color

If environmental protection and compatibility are very important when choosing the right wall paint, casein paint - also called milk paint - is a good option. It is free of preservatives and toxins and very permeable. Kaseinfarbe is not a wall paint, which is available at the hardware store. It is stirred by itself, based on the main components of lime, quark and borax oil. The special thing about this color is - in addition to the environmental friendliness of the natural ecological ingredients - the excellent opacity of white paints; usually only one passage is enough here.

The addition of the oil gives the paint a class 3 wet abrasion resistance, so it is washable. When using sunflower oil instead of linseed oil, a subsequent yellowing of the wall is avoided. Casein paint can be used on all normally absorbent surfaces, such as woodchip wallpaper, plasterboard, plastered walls and stone walls. Highly absorbent substrates should be primed and primed for the paint to last. On smooth, non-absorbent or damp walls, eg. As in basements, casein color is not useful, because they mold quickly.

Milk color refers to a color in which pigments are mixed with milk or buttermilk. It is suitable for primers and simple painting. The drying time is quite long and due to the natural ingredients only so much color should be mixed as is used. Likewise, no stockpiling is possible, as milk color spoils quickly.

More about casein colors, milk colors and other ecological alternatives can be found on the following page about natural colors.

latex paint

Latex paint is a special color for heavily used wall surfaces. It is water-repellent, abrasion-resistant, very hard-wearing and abrasion-resistant. Therefore, stains and sharpeners can be easily removed with water or cleaning agents. Despite these properties, latex paints certainly allow for some breathing of the walls, i. they are diffusible, so the walls are not completely sealed, as is often feared. Latex paint is often used in stairwells and hallways. For bathrooms, kitchens and other damp rooms, there are special colors (bath and kitchen colors) in the hardware store with fungicidal properties that prevent the formation of mold. Due to their smooth surface, most latex paints can not be painted over with normal wall paint or emulsion paint, as they simply bead off on this surface. This also makes the removal of the paint or a wallpaper painted with latex paint very difficult, since the paint or wallpaper is hardly soak. There remains only the laborious filling from the wall.

In addition, there are latex paints that are shiny. These have high hiding power, are glossy stable and non-yellowing. They are highly cleanable and resistant to aqueous disinfectants and household cleaning agents. They are also particularly suitable for coating glass fabric wall coverings, because their expressive textile structure is particularly well accentuated by a coating with high-gloss latex. The disadvantage is only that such color unfortunately paint over only with latex paint again leaves, so that a change in space by color either not possible or can be very expensive. Latex paint in living spaces can therefore lead to annoyance on re-letting, if the new tenant can not design the rooms at his discretion.


Glazes are currently fully in vogue, they give the wall vivid nuances. Wall glazes behave differently to the light than opaque coats. Every small change in the lighting has an effect on the color effect. In addition, the slowly drying substance leaves room for all sorts of creative ideas. Usually applied to a primer or a lighter base tone, the glaze can be processed with tools such as brush, paint roller, cardboard or sponge to individual patterns. The combination of coordinated, opaque colors is another way of designing. Again, with the help of stencils, effect scooters or other aids beautiful craft decoration effects can be achieved.

Structure colors and liquid woodchip

Structural paint refers to colors that are enriched with grains of sand (quartz sand) or small globules, giving a pattern and structure when the surface is painted. These special wall colors can be used on all absorbent surfaces, such as smooth plastered walls, plasterboard and cement fiber boards. In addition to the decent liveliness through their structure, these wall colors are characterized by the fact that they skilfully cover small bumps or cracks. In a thick application with a lambskin roller, the color can be subsequently processed with structural rollers, such as a perforated hole roller. To paint a Raufaser structure on the wall or ceiling without papering, DIY enthusiasts can also use wall paint interspersed with wood pixels or paper particles, which is commercially available as liquid woodchip. However, it should be noted that the distribution of wood pieces or paper parts in the end result is often very uneven, which makes a troubled and unprofessional impression. During the processing, special care should be taken to distribute the paint well during application by applying the technique (painting in the cloister). Structural paints (especially for residents of rental apartments) have the disadvantage that they are often difficult to clean and only very expensive remove. Often only the use of grinders helps to get the walls smooth again.

Beamer Color

Wall colors and colors: emulsion paint, textured paint, latex paint, glaze: textured

A self-built projector screen in your own living room is nothing out of the ordinary. Video projectors are now offered at astonishingly low prices and can be installed inconspicuously. This makes your own projector a real alternative to the sweeping large screen.

The projector projection surface can be implemented most elegantly with projector wall color. In this way, you save not only the TV, but also the bulky screen. Special projection paint can be obtained from specialized dealers or via the Internet. There are Two-component systems Made of base layer and non-reflective sealant, but now also easy-to-apply one-component systems. Depending on the make, one liter is enough for about 7 square meters of canvas.

The paint is - depending on the system in one or more layers - painted on a smooth wall, rolled or sprayed and after a short drying time, the first movie night can already start. High-quality paints are very easy to work with and free of emissions. The manufacturers guarantee a color-neutral, high-contrast reproduction of the images.

Another advantage of projector color is that the projection surface can easily be cleaned with a damp cloth. There are even outdoor canvas colors for the summer garden cinema in the open air.

The space savings and elegance of the implementation, however, also has its price: a liter of paint costs about 40 euros on average.

magnetic paint

Magnetic paint is the clever alternative to screws, nails and thumbtacks. If a wall is painted with magnetic paint, pictures can be attached to it with simple fridge magnets.

In addition, magnetic paint is also suitable for rented apartments: If you hang many posters in your home and like to redecorate, with normal zippers your wall will soon look like a Swiss cheese. Magnetic paint, on the other hand, allows you to hang your posters as you like, using conventional fridge magnets, and even smaller pictures can be hung with stronger magnets.

Magnetic paint is not inherently magnetic: in the paint only iron components have been mixed, which allow the adhesion of magnets. The iron particles are dissolved in the paint and are applied together with this on the wall. The magnetic paint must be mixed well to allow even distribution of the magnetic components.

Painting with magnetic paint is hardly different from painting with ordinary paint: only care should be taken that the paint is stirred very well. The paint application can be done with a roller or a brush, it should be as evenly as possible and nationwide for a good magnetic effect. The magnetic effect is increased by several layers of paint: Starting from three layers one already obtains a very good adhesion; more layers mean more magnetic force, but of course more color consumption. The finished magnetic paint can be painted over or pasted over with a wallpaper - after a drying time of at least 24 hours. Of course, a thick wallpaper reduces the magnetic effect: therefore do not resort to textile or non-woven wallpaper when selecting wallpaper.

Since the iron particles are only used to adhere to the magnet, sensitive electronic devices, televisions or watches can be hung on a wall painted with magnetic paint. Even for humans, there is no danger from the painted wall; Electromagnetic smog can not emit the wall, and there are no harmful additives besides those commonly used in wall paint.

The stronger the magnet, the stronger the attachment: To use your new "magnetic wall" you should buy some strong magnets to hold your posters and pictures. You can strengthen the effect with several magnets per image. Basically, the stronger the magnet, the bigger the load - you can just experiment. But please do not use glass objects.

Premixed magnetic paints are available in stores, but you can also easily make them yourself. We show you what magnetic ink is, how to use it and why it is harmless.

Make magnetic paint yourself

Making magnetic paint yourself sounds complicated, but it's not that hard. With our instructions, you will learn how you can easily make magnetic paint from conventional wall paint and fine fine iron filings.


  • 1 liter of conventional wall paint
  • 1 mixing bucket
  • 250 to 300 grams of fine iron filings or iron powder cut <150μ
  • drilling machine
  • Bohrmaschinenquirl

Pour the wall paint into the mixing bucket. Our recipe is based on one liter of wall paint, with a larger or smaller need you can of course adjust the amount. Gradually stir the iron filings under the wall paint with the drill whisk. In order to obtain as uniform a result as possible, the magnetic ink has to be stirred very well - so take some time to relax.

Due to the iron filings, the color changes in the direction of gray to anthracite; the finished color is of course overpainted or überapezierbar. For thick wallpaper, however, the magnetic effect is reduced. For a more powerful magnetic attraction, you can increase the iron filings content or simply apply the paint several times.

The paint is then applied conventionally with the role. If you have added too much iron powder and it is difficult to roll, just add some more color - the 25% iron content is more of a guideline.After drying, you can paint over the color as desired or keep it in its original gray.

Properties and quality criteria of interior color

The quality of good interior paints is determined in principle by three criteria: first - the content of high-quality binders, second - the content of high-quality white pigment and third - optimal environmental compatibility. The quality attributes can be derived from the first two recipe components.

Wet abrasion resistance: Stable colors for kitchen and bath

For many rooms, such as corridor, bathroom, kitchen or children's room, moisture resistance and good cleaning options are among the features that home improvement should pay attention to when buying wall paint. This so-called wet abrasion resistance is subdivided into five different classes in the DIN EN 13300 standard for waterborne coating materials. The lower the number, the more consistent the color. For example, shoppers are often lured with low-cost offers for Class 4 or 5 wall paints, but this color is unlikely to withstand wet-cloth cleaning and mechanical abrasion (jokingly, Class 5 is also referred to as a "glance-proof paint"). Usually one finds in the trade class 2 (scrub resistant) and class 3 (wash resistant).

Washing and abrasion resistance of emulsion paints

A real washing resistance in the true sense is usually required in emulsion paints only in the kitchen and bathroom area. In this case, washing resistance means not only being able to remove fingerprints or light soiling with a damp cloth. "Fats", binder-rich, glossy latex paints are fundamentally superior in this property to the matt wall colors. For this reason, depending on the stress class, the product decision must be made in advance. Good washing resistance is a criterion that is directly related to the binder content. A lot of binder means good washability or generally just good color, as the others quality criteria also depend on a high binder content. A quality emulsion paint is therefore characterized by the fact that it adheres firmly to different substrates, without causing delamination or exfoliation (fingernail sample). In addition, a high-quality coating with a well-balanced mixture of proper binder and pigment ensures a good water vapor diffusion capability of the paint in all rooms and largely avoids condensation in problem areas such as wet rooms.

Cloth or dull matt surfaces

The surface created when using a high-quality wall paint must be absolutely cloth- or dull-matt, so that neither on the ceiling nor on the wall with light from above or from the side (window or artificial light) a gloss effect occurs. Luster effects lead to a "restless" surface and to an ugly visible any defects of the substrate - especially in poorly processed plaster - and thus to an inferior painting result. Only by using certain matting agents it is possible to achieve cloth- and dull-matt surfaces, even on critical substrates and problematic lighting conditions.

Interior color with high hiding power

Also important in practice is the hiding power, which should be so good that in most cases with a single application of the interior paint a flawless surface can be achieved, all the substrate defects - be it dirt, minor mechanical damage, overlaps of woodchip wallpaper, wallpaper splashes - equalized in one operation. Good hiding power can only be ensured by a high percentage of high quality white pigment in the paint formula.

Dispersion interior paint without preservatives

Even suitable for allergy sufferers - Alpina paints have made numerous efforts in recent years to reduce emissions from coating materials in order to minimize their environmental impact. An example of this are emissions and emissions solvent-free interior paints that give the company a worldwide product innovation succeeded. In order to ensure sufficient durability of these products, as with many cosmetic products, preservation is necessary. Preservatives generally do not cause problems for healthy people. Sensitized people, on the other hand, can already be allergic to small amounts. For Alpina this was an occasion, with Alpina Sensan to develop the first dispersion interior paint without preservatives.

Wall colors and colors: emulsion paint, textured paint, latex paint, glaze: emulsion

Ecolabel RAL-UZ-102 for low-emission wall paints

Health and environmental criteria are becoming increasingly important when renovating and setting up your own "four walls". The awarding of the "Blue Angel" for low-emission wall paints has now set uniform standards for the positive environmental properties of interior dispersions. Wall paints, which fulfill the strict awarding guidelines of the Ecolabel, can now carry the "Blue Angel".

The "Blue Angel" allows a health and environment-friendly renovation and painting. Colors with the "Blue Angel" ensure the least possible load on the indoor air during painting work. The renovated rooms can be used immediately after the drying of the colors again without worries. The preservatives have also been reduced to a minimum: Wall paints with the Ecolabel may only be added to so-called pot or container preservatives, which protect the water-containing dispersions from spoiling until the time of processing.

The new eco-label also creates transparency: All ingredients must be indicated on the container. An indication of the presence of preservatives must be added. As a service for allergy sufferers of isothiazolinone, the manufacturers have set up a telephone hotline under which further information can be requested.

Dispose of paint and tools in an environmentally sound manner

Wall colors and colors: emulsion paint, textured paint, latex paint, glaze: paint

Very easy to make a contribution to environmental protection: After painting, dispose of all materials according to regulations!

  • A: Dried and empty containers belong to the "Yellow Bin".
  • B: Brushes that have become hard, rolls and containers with dried paint residues get into the household waste.
  • C: Liquid residues are to be disposed of as hazardous waste in the collection centers for old paints.

Remaining wall paint remains ready for use for a long time if a film is placed directly on the paint surface and the lid is firmly closed. Then store the material cool but frost-free.

Paint residues are also stored dry, cool and frost-free. Before closing the can firmly and turn it over briefly, so that the paint is sealed airtight.

Standard for water-based coating materials

Important: The new standard for water-based coating materials DIN EN 13 300 replaces the old DIN 53 778.

Paint - quality is important

Who decides to paint on plastered wall or wallpaper, better not save on the quality - stinginess can be expensive here.

Because hardly anyone can enjoy a badly covering and uneven paint in the long run, so that the high-quality color finally has to be bought. This can be applied smoothly and evenly, covers well, is stain resistant, washable and can simply be kept clean.

Water-based interior paints are usually wall paints, commonly referred to as emulsion paints. They dry quickly, are more environmentally friendly than solvent-based paints and smell less.

By now, most water-based wall paints have that Ecolabel "Blue Angel"What distinguishes them as low in emissions.

Kitchen and bathroom paints also contain fungicides to prevent mildew and mildew and are very easy to clean, as well as nursery paint. "Historical" colors - eg. B. lime paints for an "antique" appearance - are also based mainly on water.

Wall colors and colors: emulsion paint, textured paint, latex paint, glaze: emulsion

Picture 4 - Photo: Brillux

Wall colors and colors: emulsion paint, textured paint, latex paint, glaze: colors

Picture 1 - Photo: Casa Natura

Wall colors and colors: emulsion paint, textured paint, latex paint, glaze: textured

Picture 3 - Photo: Glasurit

Wall colors and colors: emulsion paint, textured paint, latex paint, glaze: wall

Picture 5 - Photo: Erfurt