Attic stairs are designed for occasional use

In many buildings, the attic is only used as storage space or left completely unused. Nevertheless, the achievement for the purpose of any repairs or for the chimney cleaning is indispensable. With retractable attic stairs a space-saving and visually almost unrecognizable accessibility is created.

Between ladder and stairs

At the center of a lofty staircase is the function. The stairs should guarantee safe access to the attic. If the room is used to store items and / or, for example, to hang and dry laundry, the attic stairs must be able to withstand this load.

Almost all attic stairs are a middle thing between a ladder with rungs and a real staircase dar. The appearances in the ladder with stairs function are low and therefore resemble more of a staircase. The mostly steep slope of the staircase in ladder shape is more reminiscent of a ladder and is often well over 45 degrees.

Retractable or open

Usually, floor stairs consist of a sliding staircase or a scissor staircase. Both functional techniques allow sinking the stairs behind the closed panel. There are stowage techniques that are performed only by muscle power or in the attic stairs are stretched springs that lead to an automatic retract or fold.

As an alternative to retractable stairs, open and fixed staircases can be mounted. The so-called emergency stairs run almost vertically, whereby they differ from a ladder by the widened staircase. The decisive factor is usually the small footprint.

As a floor staircase can also be installed a samba staircase. The open construction has a somewhat greater walking depth than an emergency ladder due to an alternately half-sided, larger step depth and uses only a little more space. Both staircases are not suitable for transporting objects such as boxes or laundry baskets.

thermal insulation

Since the heat in a building can escape especially in the upper area, a floor staircase must be excluded as a potential weak point. For this, the following measures must be carried out:

  • The attic stairs must close airtight
  • The edges and side joints of the attic stairs must be isolated
  • The flap on which the staircase is mounted must be insulated on a flat surface
  • With a thermal imager the U-value should be measured
  • An open emergency or samba staircase requires the installation of a lockable hatch or hatch

Recommended is a test of the attic stairs and their function. The mechanism must operate smoothly and latchingly to prevent any distortion or locking of the flap or hatch. The test should be repeated at the beginning of the heating season.

Tips & Tricks

Mount a dust protection ratchet around the access opening of the attic stairs to ensure trouble-free operation of the mechanism. The Krause can be easily made of plastic tarpaulin.

Video Board: Attic Stairs - Home Safety