Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden


Plants and blooming flowers in the autumn garden

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: flowers

At the beginning of autumn, when most of the flowers have withered and the plants prepare for hibernation, certain shrubs, perennials and flowers shine in magnificent colors. Evergreen and hardy plants survive the frost and bring color to the bare garden.

In addition to the classics, such as chrysanthemums, we will some insider tips betrayed, not known to every garden owner. For example, the chaste tree bushes adorn magnificent flower spikes, while the bush with its sweet-scented flower balls attracts butterflies and the ornamental shrubs in autumn with colorful leaves and berries delight the garden owner's eye.

You will also get tips here, which flowers and plants should be planted in the fall, to get a richly overgrown garden next year.

Chaste tree: a traditional monastery plant

The chaste tree (Vitex agnus-castus) is an insider's tip among the plants and autumn flowers and reaches a stature height of about two to three meters. Its long, narrow leaves are reminiscent of hemp plants and emit an aromatic scent. This autumn plant does not produce fragrant panicles until September and October with magnificent light purple lip blooms with a length of up to 30 cm. The late bloomer got its name, as it was formerly grown mainly in monasteries. At that time, the monks used the fruits of the bush as a spice and anaphrodisiac, which should facilitate the abstinence, so that the chaste tree is also called Keu.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: autumn

The chaste tree was formerly planted in monastery gardens.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: plants

On the long panicles it forms bright purple flowers

The Seven Sons of Heaven shrub as an autumn bloomer

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: flowers

The Seven Sons of Heaven is a late flowering shrub.

Another plant that is relatively unknown among the autumn flowering is the Seven Sons of Heaven Shrub (Heptacodium miconioides). Like the chaste tree, it has fragrant flowers and forms a lot of pollen and rich nectar as a so-called bee charrene. The plant originates from China reaches a height of approximately three meters and carries from August to October small framed-white blooms, which are arranged approx. One centimeter and to seventh. These flowers give the plant its name.

For optimal flowering the shrub needs a warm, sunny location. The flowers exude an intense, pleasant scent, which is why the Seven Sons of Heaven are also called "autumn jasmine". Nevertheless, it is not to be confused with the normal jasmine flower. After flowering, the shrub forms small, red fruits, which, however, only mature in a very mild position. It is considered hardy and belongs to easy-care garden plants. Because of its peeling bark in yellow-brown to brown color, the autumn plant remains an ornament in the autumn garden even after flowering.

October saxifrage: perennial with flower stars

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: tips

The star-shaped flowers are particularly noticeable in the October Saxifrage

Similarly, some perennials are among the autumn flowering plants, while most other plants already discard the foliage. The October Saxifrage (Saxifraga cortusifolia 'Fortunei') is also called "Octoberle" and captivates in September and October through its showy white star-shaped flowers, which grow up to 30 cm long panicles. At the same time, its pedicels and round-lobed leaves take on an ocher-yellow to red-brown color in autumn.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: autumn

At the end of autumn, the green leaves turn yellow ocher

The October saxifrage grows on nutrient-rich soils and prefers a half to shady location, For example, in lighter areas near woods and in a peasant or rock garden. In addition, this autumn plant suits well to ferns or other perennials, such as elven flowers and woodland stones. In a place protected from the sun, the perennial is hardy, but the flowers are frosty in autumn.

The name "Steinbrech" received this genus, as the long roots of the perennials grow even in stony locations deep into the soil and it was once believed they would thereby break through the rock.

Kopfbusch: Fragrant flower balls for butterflies and bumblebees

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: flowers

The bush is a little known plant with extraordinary flowers.

TheHead bush (Cephalanthus occidentalis) is an insider tip for the autumn garden, because the one to two meter high shrub develops extraordinary flower balls, which are up to 3 cm tall. Each flower ball consists of several long, cream-white tubular flowers, from which long stamens protrude. The heyday of the bush takes fromJuly to September, Then the flowers exude a sweet scent, which has given the shrub the nickname "honey ball". He also belongs to the insect food plants and attracts with its flower balls butterflies and bumblebees. Because of the long stamens, it is also called button or button flower.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: flowers

The big flower balls attract butterflies

The Cephalanthus occidentalis belongs to thehardy plants and can be planted in the garden or in the tub. While it does not have to be winterized in the garden, the bucket should be wrapped in a container plant with jute cloth and fleece.

As it comes from North America and grows there in marshy places or near watercourses, he preferssunny to partially shaded, moist locations, for example at a garden pond.

In addition to its magnificent flowers, leaves and stems of the bush in autumngolden yellow to yellow-orangebefore the shrub sheds its foliage for hibernation. However, pet owners should be aware that this plant is poisonous.

Chrysanthemums: blooming autumn flowers until winter

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: tips

Chrysanthemums carry their colorful flower decoration into the frost.

Chrysanthemums are the classics among the flowering autumn flowers. Also known under the name "Winterastern", the perennials are available in a variety of flower colors from red, yellow, orange to white and can be planted directly in the garden or in pots in spring. The plants grow in a sunny spot without strong sunlight. On the other hand, winter hardy chrysanthemums should not be planted in autumn, as the time to frost periose is too short to develop deep roots. But if they are planted early, the bushes survive the winter and drive out again in the spring. For added protection, it is still advisable to cover the ground under the chrysanthemums with foliage. In addition, the root ball must not protrude from the ground, otherwise they freeze.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: flowers

The flowering shrubs are available in many colors

Because of their diversity, chrysanthemums bloom at different times: The "Goldmarianne" already makes golden yellow flowers at the end of August, while from the end of September the delicate pink flowers of the "Isabellrosa" delight the garden owner. The laggard is the variety "salmon-red cloud", whose flowering lasts from August to November.

In addition to the chrysanthemums put aster, Erika and heather or cyclamen colored accents in the autumn garden.

Ornamental shrubs in autumn: peat myrtle, medlar and berry

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: autumnal

Bell-shaped flowers adorn the peat myrtle

Also worry Ornamental shrubs, like the evergreen peat myrtle (Pernettya mucronata, formerly Gaultheria mucronata) or the cotoneaster (Cotoneaster) for a colorful garden in autumn. So the peat myrtle in spring with its bell-shaped white, dioecious flowers. When female and male flowers are nearby, large berries form in the fall, with colors ranging from white to pink to purple.

The ornamental berries remain on the bush until spring, but are poisonous. The ornamental shrub grows on acidic soils in sunny locations with partial shade. However, the peat myrtle is not hardy and should hibernate as a container plant in a cold sheltered place, for example in an unheated room. In the garden should be the soil with a thick layer of foliage or bark mulch and the leaves are covered with fleece or jute.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: autumnal

Striking are the large, white ornamental berries of peat myrtle

In dwarf medlars is distinguished between evergreen and deciduous shrubs. The common cotoneaster (Cotoneaster integerrimus) is a deciduous species from May to June, with pink flowers before its leaves turn reddish in autumn. Among the evergreen species is the cotoneaster (Cotoneaster conspicuus decorus). It develops white flowers and red berries and grows even on difficult soil, for example in the rock garden. Basically, the shrubs of Cotoneaster grow in light to partially shaded places on normal soil. Depending on the species, they cover the soil or grow into large hedges.

A smaller shrub, which beautifies the garden in autumn, is the bilberry (Gaultheria), also called partridge berry. Among the numerous species, the smallest specimens reach a stature height of about 15 cm, while larger species are two to three feet high. In addition, the wild berry spreads over an area of ​​about 50 cm, if there is enough space available.

Only the species Gaultheria fragrantissima has a height of up to five meters as a small tree. Scheinbeeren like bright locations, tolerate no dryness, but make no special demands on the soil. Its leaves and the white to pink flowers exude a pleasant scent. The autumn plant gets its name from the berry-like red or blue fruits, which are slightly poisonous. The evergreen shrubs are hardy and suitable for planting gardens or as container plants. The latter should be winterized.

Common cotoneaster (Cotoneaster integerrimus) with autumn colors and ornamental berries

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: autumnal

The dwarf medlar with a reddish autumn color

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: plants

Red ornamental berries of the common cotoneaster

Blossoms and Berries of the Lesser Wildberry (Gaultheria procumbens)

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: autumnal

White blossoms decorate the low head berry

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: autumnal

The red berries outlast the winter

Autumn crocuses: magnificent crocus, saffron crocus and rose-fall crocus

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: plants

The veins on the flowers are clearly visible in the autumn crocus "Conqueror"

A special feature are the autumn crocuses. Unlike the spring flowers are these species planted in August and bloom from September to November. The autumn crocuses include the magnificent crocus, for example the Crocus speciosus Conqueror, whose flowers are traversed by dark, blue-violet veins, and the Crocus speciosus Albus with white flowers.

The Saffron crocus (Crocus sativus) with its light purple flowers grows in sun-protected places in rockeries, where it is protected against waterlogging. From its stamens arises the expensive saffron spice. In addition, unfolds the Rose-autumn crocus (Crocus pulchellus) From August to November, its white to light purple flowers.

The autumnal season (Colchicum autumnale)

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: plants

The venomous autumn timeless people look confusingly similar to crocuses

The autumn crocuses are quickly confused with the venomous autumnal colts (Colchicum autumnale), also called "poison crocus". From August to October it shows its - leafless - pale, purple flowers, while in spring only her green leaves are visible. As the leaves are reminiscent of wild garlic in shape especially on meadows and in the woods because the consumption of the leaves leads to life-threatening symptoms of intoxication. The difference between autumn crocuses and autumn timeless people is the number of stamens: crocuses have three, their poisonous doppelganger but six stamens. Due to its toxicity, it is not recommended to plant this late bloomer.

Plant spring flowers in the autumn

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: plants

In the fall, snowdrops bloom from January

In late summer and autumn, it's time to plant the early-flowering plants, so they can make the garden next spring with their colorful flowers. Spring flowers to be planted in autumn include snowdrops, crocuses, hyacinths and tulips.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: tips

The early bloomers among the crocuses are planted in September and October

Snowdrops are the first early bloomers that show their white bell-shaped, small flowers in January and February. They are planted in September to October in a sunny to partially shaded spot and prefer loamy, slightly alkaline soil. Each onion is placed at a distance of about 10 cm in a hole about 6 to 10 cm deep and covered with soil. Depending on the weather, its flowering time extends into May. Due to their toxicity, caution should be used with children and pets. Then the flowers sow themselves in the following years, so it is usually enough to plant a small group.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: tips

If you fertilize withered hyacinths in autumn, they bloom again in spring

Crocuses grow in a sunny, warm location and are planted in September and October. For this one digs a hole about 7 to 10 cm deep into which a flower bulb is placed. Crocuses can be placed close to each other and form smaller flower bulbs during the year, while the main onion dies. In this way they sow themselves, So that garden owners may look forward to crocuses in the following years. After about ten weeks, the flower bulbs have taken root in the soil. In the spring, from February until the beginning of April at the latest, the crocuses bloom. Their colors range from white to light and dark violet to yellow and lilac.

Hyacinths inspire gardeners every spring with their variety of colors. The Onions of colorful flowers are placed in a 5 to 10 cm deep hole in October and November. From March to April, they then show their violet, blue, pink, white and red flowers. In order to multiply yourself, you should cut off withered flowers and brown leaves and fertilize them in the autumn with compost. Like the snowdrops, these flowers are poisonous.

Autumn flowers and plants: tips for the autumnal flower garden: autumnal

Tulip bulbs can be planted in autumn to November

Tulips are divided into early, medium and late flowering varieties and from October to November. The flower bulbs are placed in a 10 to 15 cm deep hole in sunny or partially shaded places. For the flowers to grow again in the following year, withered flowers should be removed. As with the hyacinths, the green leaves are not removed until they have dried. To protect against frost, dig out the flower bulbs and store them in a dry place. Alternatively, cover the soil with bark mulch or a leaf layer. As cut flowers, they need special care to last a long time. Detailed tips for cut tulips can be found on our tulip care page.

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