Ax and hatchet

An ax, also called a hoe in southern Germany, is a tool that has been accompanying humans for ages. Axes are still indispensable in any well-stocked garden shed.

The terms "ax" and "ax" are often used interchangeably in Germany. In fact, there is a difference: while the ax is larger in comparison and is guided two-handed, the hatchet is more compact and can also be used with one hand.

The following article informs about the use of axes and hatchets in the house and garden, according to the motto: The ax in the house replaces the carpenter.

Ax at a glance

Ax and hatchet in detail

Axes consist of two components: a sturdy shaft and a much more stable head. For both, the quality of workmanship is crucial: a good head on a bad shaft uses just as little as the other way round.

Bad shafts can usually be recognized in the shop: Pebbish, unpainted and with rough edges, no ax can be safely guided. If even knotholes are present on the shaft, the risk of breakage is immense: An uncontrolled fly around the hatchet can cause serious injuries.

Attention should also be paid to the head: it should be made of forged, high-strength steel and fastened to the shaft with a wedge. Nothing can survive or wobble here!

Axes cut through wood fibers by a combined impact and cutting action - as far as the theory goes. One differentiates between the Spaltaxt and the Felling Ax, The former is used for splitting dry logs along the grain, the latter transverse to the fiber for felling trees and separating branches of varying thickness.

Fälläxte (and hatchets) have a cutting and splitting: To fell a tree, first one side in the desired fall direction a wedge is beaten into the tree trunk, then another on the opposite side until the tree finally falls.

The splitting ax usually acts purely kinetically, d. H. by the splitting effect of the ax head. Therefore, this does not have to be sharpened constantly in this case. For large logs, an ax hammer is also recommended: it is very heavy and splits the log almost by its own weight.

Good axes and good hatchets

The good ax is already recognizable since 1932 at the three-felted sign (opposite). It is awarded by the "Testing and Testing Institute for Tools" in Remscheid for high-quality tools in forestry.

Precautions when handling axes and hatchets

If you have an ax or a hatchet in your hand, you have a huge, primeval weapon. Therefore, the following safety equipment should be understood:

  • stable work gloves made of leather
  • a safety goggles
  • when felling: A helmet with visor
  • a big work pants
  • Safety shoes with steel caps

Axes should always be used with great caution and prudence. Leg injuries can easily occur, especially on downward strokes, such as splitting chimney logs. Basic rule: broad-legged, centered and controlled strike.

Video Board: A) Axe or Hatchet ?