Balcony and loggia

Explicitly related to balconies and architecture is often the term "loggia" to hear. Although the loggia is and was an architectural component of the architectural style in many eras, the general knowledge about it is different. Afterwards we want to explain the difference between balcony and loggia and when a balcony is also a loggia.

Word origin and relationship with the lodge

The loggia is a term that we have taken from Italian. But the same word family also includes the lodge, which comes from the Old German and originally called the sheet. It then found its way through Latin into Old French and Italian. Both terms have the meaning of accommodation together. However, the term "loggia" must also be derived from the respective context:

  • as a concept of architecture
  • as an Italian word
  • colloquially in German

Architectural and colloquial designations lead to confusion

Take, for example, the Italian terminology of the loggia, then an arcade as well as a pagoda is closely related to this term. In Germany, however, the loggia colloquially referred to a special design of the balcony. In addition to the particular architectural style of the balcony, the Italian sense is also reflected in the architecture. However, even in German in architecture, the association with a certain balcony design is increasingly recognizable.

Explanation: what is a loggia?

In order to explain how you can distinguish the loggia as a balcony or the balcony loggia from a conventional balcony, we first illuminate the construction and construction of a balcony. This one is either:

  • set from the outside to the facade
  • grown from the outside to the facade
  • constructed as a balcony floor plate projecting from the facade

Distinction loggia, balcony and portico

If you look at the floor plan of a building, the balcony is always outside the actual building outline. This also applies to the covered balcony. However, if the intent is at ground level and again outside the actual building outline, this is called the portico. A portico was often part of Roman buildings. Strictly speaking, this is a covered, superior terrace around a portico.

The balcony loggia has to do with language development

The term balcony loggia is thus actually misleading, because two completely opposite constructions in the word are connected. Because the loggia is within the building outline, so not prefixed. The pages do not necessarily have to be closed. That is, the loggia can be open on three sides.

Free seat is the real German name of the loggia

Even a railing is possible, although a loggia is usually provided with a parapet. It can also be completely closed on the side. The actually correct German name for a loggia would be the free seat. The free seat is also defined by the fact that it is inside the building. However, "free seat" is a word that slowly disappears from ordinary usage.

The loggia through the ages

Even the balcony on a bay, even if it is covered, is therefore no loggia. Because a bay window is also outside the actual building outline. Typical epochs, in which the loggia was or is a natural architectural building component, are found again and again. The typical epoch associated with the loggia is Baroque. But also in the period from the 19th to the 20th century there are numerous houses with loggia, but then rather equated with the already mentioned outdoor area.

Tips & Tricks

Balcony railing and parapet can not always be distinguished exactly. As with the loggia, the transitions are fluid. A railing is usually placed on the balcony floor panel or surrounding a material other than the floor around it. In addition, the railing is often generously broken, which is why often a screen for a balcony railing is mentioned. The parapet, however, is usually (but not necessarily) full and usually consists of masonry. In addition, it is built on the bottom plate.

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