Basements only heat up with insulation

If a basement is to be heated, insulation in all directions is indispensable. Heating without appropriate structural precautions is at the same time ineffective and legally prohibited. As a type of heating almost every type of radiator and energy sources comes into consideration.

Warm and cold air

Heating in a cellar is inextricably linked to ventilation. In addition to the pure room temperature, the humidity is regulated. The right heating and ventilation avoids condensation and maintains a pleasant and healthy room atmosphere. For this purpose, a physical rule must be exploited.

Warm air can carry much more moisture than cold air. Therefore, the heating and ventilation behavior of the season must be adjusted. In summer, the outside air is usually warmer than unheated basement air. When it flows in through open windows, it cools down and condensation forms on the walls. Brief airing the basement in the cooler morning is the most recommended.

Basements only heat up with insulation: insulation

In winter there is no risk of condensation. The usually warmer warmer air flows to the outside and condenses there. Theoretically, it is always possible to ventilate in the winter without condensation.

As types of heating and radiators different types come into consideration.

  • Wall radiator with connection to central heating, possibly with lift for the water cycle
  • Electric wall heater as convection or heat wave heating
  • Electric fan heater with fan for shorter heating periods
  • Stand radiator with power connection
  • Night storage stove with adequate space
  • Radiator with oil operation
  • Closed petroleum stove

It is forbidden to use an open-fire or gas-powered heating system as they generally require an exhaust duct or chimney. Otherwise there is an acute danger of poisoning.

  • Gas heating stove with bottle operation
  • Fireplace or wood burning stove (also closed)
  • Heating systems with LPG

Tips & Tricks

As a rule of thumb, you can expect a heat requirement of 17 to 18 watts per cubic meter in the insulated basement. For an uninsulated double shell wall or quarrystone wall, the demand is 22 to 24 watts per cubic meter of space.

Video Board: How to Properly Insulate a Basement Wall: NO MOISTURE!