Basement room - what use is possible?

The basement is used in most houses only as a storage room. Which additional uses are there, and which regulations must be observed, reveals the following guide.

Use in the basement

  • Storage room and storage room
  • Workshop and hobby room
  • Adaptation as a living space
  • spa

Storage room and storage room

In earlier centuries basements were used mainly for storing food. For this purpose, almost always so-called vaulted cellars were built, which have a higher humidity and a lower temperature in the summer.

Today's cellars are not always suitable for storing unpreserved food, as they are usually too warm and too dry. In the creation of correspondingly favorable conditions, however, a storage can also be done in modern cellars.

Basement room - what use is possible?: possible

Despite the constant availability of food, it may make sense to self-store. Thus, special offers and volume discounts can be used, and it can fresh vegetables - such as the farmer - be stored in larger quantities.

Workshop and hobby room or laundry room

For renovation work on the house or technical crafts, the establishment of a workshop within the house can be worthwhile.

At most, should be considered in the planning of a sufficiently wide and good access to the basement, if in him a larger workshop should be set up.

When setting up a laundry room and drying room, attention must be paid to adequately sized ventilation so that condensation can not form inside the basement room.

Adaptation as a living space

If a cellar is sufficiently dry and well insulated, it can also be used as living space. However, a precondition for use is that the cellar complies with the regulations of the state building regulations and the required fire protection regulations for underground living spaces.

If the basement room is used as living space, it must be insulated according to the EnEV. Indoor insulation can lead to problems in the basement, with basements an external perimeter insulation is therefore the better solution.

It is either built with the installation of the cellar, or subsequently, when the basement outer walls are sealed. This pays off the expensive excavation work that is necessary for it.

Light and air

Provide adequate light and ventilation. This usually happens through basement windows and light wells. For the installation of toilets and bathrooms in the basement usually lifting systems are required.


The installation of a sauna or an infrared cabin in the basement is usually easily possible. With appropriate design creates an interesting spa.

Tips & Tricks

Some solar manufacturers, such as Grammer, offer combined ventilation and preheating of cellars via specially independent solar modules. For living rooms in the basement, this may well be a good additional option to keep heating costs low.

Video Board: 40 Basement Ideas For Small Basements