This is how bitumen shingles are laid

Bitumen shingles are a very simple and inexpensive but extremely durable and durable way to cover the roof. Laying is relatively easy, and can also be done well and professionally by laymen with a little care. What you have to pay attention to, you can read here.

Background information

Bitumen shingles can be laid easily and quickly. But you still have to be careful and careful. Please also remember your fall protection. Detailed instructions on all aspects of your own fall protection can also be found in the article Attaching battens. If you are not afraid of heights, or feel insecure, you should refrain from working on the roof.

Bitumen shingles and nails

Bitumen shingles are easily attached with matching nails. The overlap area is designed as a so-called tongue, in the first row it is cut off. Make sure that you have to glue the bitumen shingles additionally on roof pitches over 60°.

For the overlap and the nail points, there are very precise rules that you must adhere to, and which are different depending on the roof pitch, since you have to use more nails on steeper roofs. The nailing must be done very carefully, as the nails must not damage the shingles, nor may they protrude too far or obliquely.


Under the bitumen shingles also a so-called Vordeckbahn is required. This must necessarily be laid correctly and very evenly and is fastened in contrast to the bitumen shingles with as few nails as possible.

Step by step guide for laying bitumen shingles

  • asphalt shingles
  • nails
  • fall Protection
  • hammer
  • cutter

1. The first row of shingles

As with all roofing, you also start laying bitumen shingles at the eaves and work your way up.

Now cut off the shingle fences in the first row to the end of the blade incision, shorten the length by half a tongue so that the joints of the first and second row do not overlap. Now you can nail the first row as an initial row. The steeper the roof, the more nails, from 60° you have to glue in addition.

2. The second row

Nail a full row to the edge of the eaves. From there, continue to move upwards, cutting off half a tongue for each additional row so that the joints do not overlap. This is important so that the roof is really tight.

When nailing, make sure that the nails are exactly straight. The nail heads must lie exactly flush, but must not penetrate into the shingles, as this can lead to leaks and damage to the shingles. Nailed is always at least 2 cm away from the edge of the sheet and at least 2.5 cm away from all edges. Pay attention to this very carefully because the quality of the nail attachment is extremely important for the durability of the roof.

3. Make first ridge cover

At First you work overlapping from both sides. To do this, cut the rows of shingles into individual pieces. Laying is done according to the double cover principle. At the end you can then attach the sidebars.

Tips & Tricks

Before laying the bitumen shingles, a so-called pre-slideway should be installed parallel to the eaves with an overlap of at least 5 cm. Traufleisten on the sides and at the eaves should also be mounted. To avoid color differences in shingles, do not store them too long or outdoors and only use shingles with the same production code.

Video Board: Asphalt Roof Shingles Installation