Recognize beech wood - which hints you can use

It is not always easy to distinguish between different types of wood. In many cases, it is hardly possible with the naked eye to distinguish individual types of wood from each other. In order to reliably recognize beech wood, however, one can stick to certain instructions. This is often the quality of firewood.

Buchholz species

Difficult for the recognition is that beech wood occurs in several different ways. Particularly common among us is the beech, this wood is also classically referred to as beech wood (DIN: BU). The hornbeam, on the other hand, is a distantly related to our beech, and has a different appearance as well as distinctly different characteristics. It is, however, rather rare anyway.

Detect by the grain


Beech wood is basically a wood in which the so-called rays of wood are very clearly visible. The wood rays or medullary rays run transversely to the trunk axis. In the cross-section of the wood they are visible as clearly pronounced lines, in the radial section of the wood, however, as so-called "mirror".


Beechwood is typically "semi-porous". The visible vessels are arranged so that they do not form clear rings, but also do not seem too far and irregularly scattered. Scattered porosity would be the other extreme, such as walnut wood. For cherry wood, on the other hand, typical ring pores can be seen. Beechwood lies relatively exactly in the middle between the two drawings.

Fine grain

The structure of beech wood is generally very fine and even, which can also be a criterion if you want to recognize beech wood. As a result, the entire grain appears rather inconspicuous in the European beech and by no means stands out, even if individual grain details are visible.

Detect by the color

Since the beech is a heartwood tree, there are no color differences between sapwood and core. Beech wood is always light and almost whitish, and may also have a pale yellow glow in the light. The typical reddish color gets beech wood only by the damping. With older wood, the core can also darken.

Detect by weight

Every type of wood has a typical weight. The density of beech wood is about 700 kg / m³, so it is a (also tangible) very heavy wood. If you buy a room meter (ster) wood, the weight must be between 680 and 740 kg - then it is beech wood.

Judge quality

  • Wood must always be dry
  • there must be no black discoloration or stains on the wood ("Verstocken", the wood is then almost crumbly and unsuitable for heating)
  • decayed areas, fungus or sponges must not be present
  • there should be no cracks and distortions visible (sloppy drying)
  • Residual moisture values ​​should in any case be a maximum of 20% (can be measured), but less than 12% can hardly be found, such a realistic drying is not achievable.

Tips & Tricks

Quality poorer wood almost always has a significantly lower calorific value. When buying, always make sure that you also buy high quality wood, otherwise you will need much more for the same heat output. Cheap offers are not always the best choice.

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