Carrots and carrots

Carrots and carrots - is not that the same? Yes and no. "Carrot" botanically refers to all plants of the genus Daucus carota, this includes especially on almost all Central European meadows occurring "wild carrot". The feeding tube or carrot, Daucus carota subsp. sativus, is the only cultivar of this plant and is also known as carrot, yellow beet, yellow turnip or Ruebli.

Carrots, or carrots

Carrots are quite easy to grow in the garden and offer, staggered in time, almost all year round a constant and vitamin-rich fresh vegetables supply from the garden. One and the same type of carrot can be eaten as early, summer and late-morning carrots. This article presents the origin, cultivation and diseases of carrots. Anyone who appreciates delicious carrot vegetables from their own garden can not avoid having their own carrots.

Carrots and carrots: From the content

  • Carrot or carrot? Meaning and origin of the names
  • Soil requirements of carrots
  • Grow carrots
  • From the "Wild Carrot" to the industrial tube
  • Pests and diseases in carrots
  • Little carrot story

Carrot or carrot? Meaning and origin of the names

Whether you say carrot or carrot depends above all on the origin of the speaker. While the majority of carrots are said to be in eastern and northern Germany, vegetables in the southern federal states are called carrots. There is no consensus in the West, but there is also a north-south divide in the name here. In parts of Lower Saxony and in the border area to the Netherlands carrots / carrots are also called root, from nl. Wortel, inscribed, the Bavarian-Swabian knows the "yellow turnip". The Rüebli dominates in the Alemannic-Swiss-German area, in Swabia one wants to have already spotted the "Rübele" - truly a vegetable with 1000 names!

Soil requirements of carrots

Carrot harvest from good soil

Carrots and carrots grow best on deep, stone-free sandy soil or sandy loamy soil. Lößboden, as it occurs in old river valleys, is ideal. The pH should be between 6.5 and 7.5, neutral to slightly acidic. The prevailing temperatures in Germany are very good for the cultivation of carrots, average temperatures of 16 to 18° C are optimal for carrot growth. In hot summers carrots should occasionally give some water, with spontaneous frosty nights in spring it may be helpful to cover the carrot bed with a fleece.

Grow carrots

Unlike many other vegetables, carrots are not planted as seedlings but are sown. The seeds should be placed at the beginning of the frost-free period at a distance of about five centimeters in the soil, the seed must be about three inches in depth. Then the seeds are carefully poured.

After some time, when the green of the carrots is already out of the ground, the plantlets may need to be lighted a bit, a full-grown carrot needs space. Depending on the sowing time, the roots can then be harvested after regular ripening and moderate fertilization after the following carrot ripening period:

Early carrots: 70 to 90 days

Summer carrots: 110 to 135 days

Late carrot cultivation: 170 to 220 days

Due to the reduced vegetation power the late carrots need a little longer, but they are often also more aromatic. If the carrots are staggered in several beds, you can maintain a supply of fresh carrots throughout the year.

From the "Wild Carrot" to the industrial tube

Garden carrots: Schrumplig, but tasty!

Garden carrots: Schrumplig, but tasty!

All kinds of cultivated carrots can be traced back to the "wild carrot", which can still be found today on almost all wild meadows in Central Europe. In contrast to the carrot from the supermarket, but this has a rather small, also edible root, but a lush, white-flowering green.

From already existing, non-scientific breeding from 1900 onwards enormous increases in root growth were generated. The aim was and is to produce as much bark and as few marks as possible during the growth of the carrot underground. Unfortunately, these varieties, much like the infamous water tomato, paid too little attention to the taste: the huge carrots that are still available on the market today consist almost entirely of water - the valuable carrot vitamins remain on the track.

The garden carrot is quite different: it may look smaller and a bit shriveled, but it is a concentrated carotene and vitamin bomb: All valuable ingredients are concentrated in the small, intensely orange garden carrot. It is also easier to store the self-grown carrots: Due to the lower water content they do not shrink so easily.

Black rot on carrots

Black rot on carrots

Carrot fly infestation

Carrot fly infestation

Pests and diseases in carrots

Unfortunately, carrots are susceptible to pests due to their rather exposed position in the soil. On the visible parts of the plant is usually no infestation detectable, they are therefore often preventively placed in clearly defined cold frames.

viruses: The easiest way is the Möhrenscheckung or Möhrenrotblättrigkeit to diagnose. Here, the carrots are yellow or red pawed as a result of virus attack, the foliage is not formed. In order to be able to grow carrots on this soil, an extensive soil exchange must be carried out.

mushrooms: The Gray mold is much more common and spreads in the carrot bed, the black rot and the white rot are other fungal infections, but no less harmful. One can only prevent this: Avoid waterlogging in the soil by adding sand, the soil should be thoroughly loosened before sowing.

pests: Also parasites put the carrot to: The carrot fly Horticulture continues to be the biggest threat to the local carrot harvest. Also the Carrot psyllid, the Corny carrot aphid, the Möhrengallmücke and various other microbes have it on the nutritious carrot root apart. Again, only a careful cultural planning helps: Fresh earth, well mixed with sand and regularly watered ensures a good carrot harvest.

Little carrot story

The oldest, cultivated carrots were already grown by the ancient Romans and Greeks. The yellow and red / purple carrots are originally from Afghanistan, the white carrot comes from the Mediterranean. The present-day cultural form probably originated from the combination of all three species.

In the 10th century carrots were cultivated in today's Iran in cultivated form. The oldest, certified cultivation of culture carrots in the German area is guaranteed for the 13th century. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the carrot prevailed on a wide front, but they were still very colorful.

The orange "Carrot of the Modern Age" comes, it is surprising, from the Netherlands. Here, for the first time, orange carrots were exhibited on paintings from the 17th century. In the 19th century, the carrot was already "on everyone's lips" and a valued, rich in vitamins cultural vegetables that could easily grow in the garden.

Video Board: Carrot Crazy