Paint ceilings and walls correctly

Creating walls with wall paint: Everything about painting and color

Colors create a pleasant atmosphere in the living spaces and make them look bigger or smaller visually. Whether in classic white, in subtle colors or in gaudy tones: Thanks to the variety of wall colors, the design requirements are endless. With our tips and tricks around the subject of painting and color paint both experienced home improvement and beginners with little practice at a high level.

Paint walls yourself

Engaging a master painter is time-saving, practical and you will certainly get a good result. However, the painter can also pay well for this work. If you do not have enough money or are a frugal person, you better carry out the renovation yourself. If you pay attention to a few things while painting, you'll get a good result as an amateur as well. How to do that, you can read here and on the following pages.

Paint ceilings and walls correctly: paint

Tips for the perfect painting

First stroke corners and ceilings

Paint ceilings and walls correctly: paint

First, you should use a flat brush or a corner roller to paint the "seams". These are the transitions between walls and ceiling, corner corners, baseboards, door and window frames and the surfaces around switches and fixtures.

If you also want to paint the ceiling, start with the ceiling. If the ceiling were painted after the walls, splashes of paint could affect the work result. So: better paint the walls first after the ceiling. Roll with straight, overlapping webs to ensure even coverage.

How often paint?

The desire for quick change with scooter and brush should not come over you regularly, because four to five times painted walls are like sealed and "breathe" anymore.

Remove emulsion paint: Wall paint is easy to use, but if you want to remove the dispersion paint, it can be quite exhausting. Depending on which material you want to remove it from. How to do it right, you will learn in this guide.

preparations: For a new painting, the substrate should first be tested with small tests to find out what preparatory work is necessary. In addition, you should take enough time for masking and masking before reaching for the brush. All this we have summarized in our preparations.

Priming paint and primers: Old colored wallpaper, walls with nicotine stains and strong absorbent surfaces, such as plasterboard are difficult to cover. A special primer and primer paint, which treats the wall before painting, can be remedied. How to successfully renovate such surfaces and what helps against water and rust spots, you can find out here.

Coat latex paint: You want to move and have found in the new apartment a shiny, washable wall or a splash guard base in such a design? Presumably, this is a kind of latex paint. Painting over, but how? You will find out in this guide.

wall colors: When it comes to the color redesign of the home four walls, the color is one of the most important points. Here should not be saved, because you will not have fun with cheap paint sooner or later. What kinds of color are there, we explain on our page about wall colors.

ecru: Natural paints are completely solvent-free and have no liquid hydrocarbons and are significantly healthier than traditional wall paints. Depending on the composition, they are suitable for the inside and outside and are easy to work with. What further benefits natural colors have and what differences exist, we explain on this page.

paints: Paints consist either of the majority of solvents or water in which color pigments are. Anyone who wants to repaint the garden house or paint windows and doors must first know the right type of paint and its properties. That's why do-it-yourselfers can find tips about the different paints and their areas of application.

color effect: Color shades and color combinations can fundamentally change the atmosphere of a room. In combination with furnishings and accessories can create a wonderful ambience. The visual size of a room can also be influenced by colors and patterns.

painting techniques: Different painting techniques open up a lot of design possibilities for your own four walls. Depending on the desired atmosphere, different living areas can be provided with different structures and grains.

Filling technique with effect filler: Filler techniques for walls can look very different. But all of them are methods that give a very interesting picture in terms of structure and color. There are quite different materials with which can be filled.

Masking technique and wall painting: The masking technique can be used with simple means to set colorful accents and even paint entire murals. To do this, draw strips, geometric shapes or patterns on the wall, glue them with painters' tape and paint the areas in color.

stencil paintingWhen painting with stencils is not painted in the conventional sense, but "struck". So that the bristles - and therefore the color - do not get under the edge of the stencil, there are special brushes with flat and hard bristles, with which you can also paint multicolored motifs clean.

Painting tools: Who wants to paint a wall, first needs paintbrushes, paint rollers and rollers, which are suitable for the selected color. Because certain paints and wall paints can be applied only with the correct painting tool. You will learn everything about the different brush, roller and roller shapes and their application with us.

Delete wood surfaces: With the right pretreatment, wood retains its good condition and is protected against fading and pest infestation. The choice of colors depends on the load and the location, because wooden furniture requires a different care than a wooden terrace. When and how to oil, grow or varnish wood, do-it-yourselfers will find out here.

Color FAQ - The 10 most common questions to the color specialist

1. Can plastic garden furniture be painted?
Garden furniture is for the most part made of plastic polypropylene. This plastic can only be coated at the factory. Even primers with two-component adhesion reasons do not achieve sufficient adhesion to this substrate.

2. Can wooden components be painted colorless on the outside?
Normally, neither windows nor wooden boards or other wooden components should be treated colorless outdoors. Colorless paints and weakly pigmented, usually very bright glazes, do not provide sufficient UV protection.

Without adequate UV protection, the "wood binder" lignin is degraded and the wood surface loses its load bearing capacity for paint. The lignin degradation is recognizable by a discoloration of the wood, which changes from brown to gray, as a result of which the paint becomes chapped and separates from the wood.

The painting over of seemingly intact, colorless paints will soon cause flakes on already damaged wood. Opaque, white coatings provide the highest durability on windows.

On boarding or fencing, sufficiently pigmented glazes have proved their worth. The best paints are not able to revalue wooden components with unsuitable construction, of inadequate wood quality or with lack of structural wood protection or even to protect it for a long time.

3. Which coating is suitable for garage floors?
Garage floors are also coated by the professional with a two-component epoxy resin. For use in a normally loaded single garage, water-thinnable systems are suitable, in which the coating takes place in three operations. The expected soil load requires a perfect substrate as well as sufficiently high temperatures (at least 8-10° C) during processing.

One-component "cement varnishes", "PVC varnishes" or dispersion-based and acrylic floor paints are not suitable as they react with the plasticisers from the vehicle tires: the colors stick together with the tire. This bond can also emanate from other plasticizer-containing plastics, such as rubber feet of garden chairs.

4. Can gypsum plasterboard be painted directly?
Plasterboard panels are strongly absorbent substrates. When painted directly with an interior emulsion paint, part of the binder is absorbed by the substrate. The "firmness" of the first color layer is thereby reduced, with the result that this primer forms a weak point.

Problems in the form of flaking will occur during overhaul coatings. Another problem can be caused by discoloring ingredients from the plasterboard. High levels of waste paper and UV exposure of the uncoated board may cause paint discoloration.

In any case, it is recommended to apply a suitable primer with a base. Furthermore, it should be ensured during the painting work by good airing a quick drying of the paint to prevent that much water penetrates into the ground and thus activates the ingredients.

5. Can a water-thinnable substrate be mixed with wall or facade paint?
A basic compatibility of these products, even if they come from the same manufacturer, is not always given. Prior to such attempts, the label text should always be read. If the manufacturer advocates such mixtures, an indication will be found in the text.

The mixture of different materials can change the original gloss of the paint and the drying behavior. The hiding power will decrease in any case and if the amount of binder added is too high, the dried paint film may become tacky.

Indoors, deep surfaces on strongly absorbent substrates (gypsum plasterboard, gypsum plaster and limestone masonry) are recommended. The unpigmented underground penetrates deeply into the ground and reduces the pumping speed.

A mixture does not penetrate so deeply due to the larger color particles and it is to be expected that a large part of the fine color-binding agent is absorbed by the substrate. As a result, then remains on the wall surface, a low-binder color layer back which has little strength.

This low-binder layer will over time lead to spalling, since with each renovation painting again drying stresses are generated, which then lead to a break at the weakest point. The wrong primer will lead to damage only a few years later, which can then be eliminated only with great effort. The entire color layer must be completely removed!

A professional paint job, executed with high quality products, can easily be revised / refurbished ten times.

6. How are old night storage heaters painted in color?
Since the cases of night storage heaters often consist of powder-coated sheets, a careful pre-treatment is required. The old finish must be sanded to a matt finish and then primed with a 2-part epoxy primer.

After drying the primer can be painted with aromatic varnishes. Tip: The solvents contained in the paints are heavier than air and can migrate into the storage stones. Since it is likely that odor nuisance, which often lasts for months, can be expected, it is advisable to remove the panels and paint them in another location.

7. How can an old paint finish be checked?
Old paintings can be made of different materials. If possible, the overhaul coatings should be done with the same type of varnish to avoid paint damage. Windows and doors are usually coated with acrylic or alkyd resin paints.

Examination of existing old paint can be done in a small, hidden place (like the window fold) with nitro thinner. On contact with the thinner, acrylic varnishes become soft and sticky, the alkyd resin varnish remains firm. Allow the sticky area to dry and then sand.

Old acrylic paints should be reworked with acrylic paints as they are softer than the alkyd resins and can otherwise cause cracking. Old alkyd resin paints can also be overcoated with acrylic paints after careful sanding. On basement floors you will find acrylic floor coatings, alkyd resin paints, cement coatings or liquid plastics and epoxy resin coatings.

In nitro-dilution tests, acrylates become soft and sticky again, cement and liquid plastics liquefy, but become solid again within a short drying time. Alkyd resins and epoxy resins remain firm. Alkyd paints are almost always glossy, epoxy resins are duller.

Water-thinnable acrylic floor coatings can be used on all solid old coatings. Epoxy resin and Alkyharzbeschichtungen must first be carefully sanded.

For recoating, it is recommended to apply several thin layers and to maintain sufficient drying times between the coats. Several thin layers harden faster and are also faster loadable than thickly applied layers.

8. Which paints are suitable for wooden floorboards?
The desire for colored paintings on old, freed from the carpet floorboards is often uttered. If this type of floor coating is desired, it should be understood that opaque coatings, regardless of the type of binder used, have high sensitivity.

Old coatings should always be completely removed before the painting work. A new coating with two-component polyurethane coatings, including a colorless coating, is the most durable option.

Water-thinnable acrylic floor coatings and alkyd resin paints are much more sensitive and must be reworked regularly. Coatings with colorless parquet lacquers have a higher "durability" because small scratches and other surface defects are less noticeable due to the translucent wood grain.

9. Which coating options for balconies are there?
Uncoated balconies with concrete or cement screed surface can be treated with weather resistant acrylic floor coatings. Prerequisite is a sufficient water drainage tendency, which prevents water puddles from forming. Very smooth concrete must be roughened before painting. For hairline bridging, a fabric can be embedded in the coating.

Caution: plasticized plastic parts may stick to the coating. No problems associated with plasticized plastics are expected for polyurethane coatings. However, these systems should be processed by a specialist.

We advise against coatings on intact tile floors. On cracked, not firmly bonded tiles with defective joint areas, no long shelf life of the coating is to be expected.

10. Which coating can be used on zinc gutters?
Often, paint peeling of gutters and downpipes. This can be avoided if a few basic instructions are observed.

It is not necessary to expose the zinc surfaces to the weather for some time before painting. On the other hand, it is absolutely necessary to have the right substrate preparation. Zinc must be degreased and sanded. After the surface preparation, it must be ensured that the zinc surfaces are not directly coated with "normal" alkyd resin primers or alkyd resin paints.

For degreasing, 10 liters of water are mixed with 1/2 liter of ammonia and 1 crown cork detergent. With this mixture and a sanding fleece, the surface is carefully sanded and then washed with clean water. Do this with rubber gloves and avoid splashing the eyes and skin.

The paint can be made on a water-dilutable basis. It is once pre-painted with an acrylic primer and then painted twice with acrylic topcoat in sufficient thickness.

Paint ceilings and walls correctly: paint

All in white: Tips for the right stroking

Paint ceilings and walls correctly: walls

No color makes rooms shine more: white spreads Clarity, lightness and calm. Furniture and decor are shown to perfection. Excellent quality, very good opacity and the best workmanship. For bright white walls, for example, Dulux offers several ready-to-paint quality colors such as UniversalWhite, WohnweißPlus and PremiumWhite.

Before it begins

Paint ceilings and walls correctly: ceilings

Clear the room as empty as possible. For the painting to succeed, you should thoroughly clean the surface. He must clean, dry and sustainable his. Glue off any surfaces you do not want to paint. Their bottoms protect you from paint splashes with cover film. You can test the quality of the substrate by simply wiping it by hand. If it is sanding or chalking, we recommend a primer with a base.

Work from top to bottom

Paint ceilings and walls correctly: correctly

Always start with the blanket. First, with a small nylon roller or a radiator brush, paint the transitions to the walls and the corners, then work the ceiling along with a large paint roller along the length of the light. Now the same thing on the walls. Start with the more elaborate window wall. To apply the paint evenly and not too thick, always wipe off excess paint on the roll with the wiper grid. With the handle extension, the telescopic rod, you can easily reach the highest points.

The technology does it

Paint ceilings and walls correctly: correctly

For a uniform coating result on large surfaces Apply the paint with the roller slightly across. Distribute the color in the longitudinal direction. The individual tracks you have painted should overlap a bit. Try to brush each wall quickly to avoid lobes and scooter marks. Between the individual walls time delays are not so strong.

Professional tip

Use for masking non-painted surfaces (eg windows, doors) a tape at least 3 cm wide and work on the edges with the small paint roller - so the adjacent surfaces remain clean.

We recommend

  • high quality white
  • optionally Tiefgrund
  • small lambskin roll
  • big lambskin roll
  • radiator brush
  • grates
  • telescopic rod
  • Covering paper, cover foil
  • duct tape

Similar sites

  • Paint wooden ceiling yourself - step by step
  • Paint garden house
  • Damp room color - special colors for kitchen and bath
  • Masking technique: Ideas for color design of the walls and wall painting
  • Painting OSB boards - instructions
  • Painting the bedroom - instructions
  • Paint, paint and dab with a brush, roller and sponge
  • Paint children's room - which colors are suitable
  • Paint non-woven wallpaper
  • Prepare walls: mask, cover, test walls and pretreat
  • Paper wallpaper and pattern wallpaper - the "normal" wallpapers
  • Paint wall pattern yourself
  • Paint latex paint - instructions

Video Board: HOW TO paint ceilings FAST and like a professional PAINTER