Chainsaw comparison 2018

Purchase advice for chainsaw comparison or test 2018

  • Chainsaws are an ideal working tool for cutting or sawing trees. Regardless of whether you work professionally in the forest, only in your own garden sawing firewood or want to prune a few branches, there is a suitable saw for everyone on the market.
  • Many chainsaws differ in the type of drive. Petrol powered chainsaws can be used well in the forest and due to their high performance usually meet professional standards. Electric chainsaws and those with batteries are often sufficient for use in the home garden.
  • Since the handling of the chainsaw is not completely harmless, you should absolutely take some safety measures and familiarize yourself with the most common safety rules before using them.

Chainsaw comparison 2018: chainsaw

Many people dream of a beautiful garden, but not everyone can fulfill that dream. However, if you are one of the lucky ones who can listen to the tranquility of nature in an idyllic atmosphere outside the house, or organize barbecues with friends there, you know that to preserve the beautiful greenery at the regular gardening does not get past. Mowing the lawn, cutting the hedge, weeding and watering the flowers. But as if that was not enough, so must from time to time Trimmed trees or by owning a firewood stove.

If you would like to do this work on your own or if you would like to get your firewood in the forest (assuming permission from the forestry administration or the forest owner), you need a chainsaw. To keep cool in the jungle of the numerous offers and ultimately decide on the right model, you should fully inform yourself before purchasing which model is right for you. To help you with this decision, we offer one in our chainsaw test 2018 comprehensive purchase advice with important information that you should pay attention to when buying.

1. What is a chainsaw?

The chainsaw, often simply referred to as a chainsaw, is a saw equipped with a sharp chain that runs around a rail. Usually she will be with one Gasoline or electric motor which makes them different from a hand chain saw powered by pure muscle power. Modern variants also use oil pressure (hydraulic) or compressed air (pneumatic) for the drive. Main application area is primarily forestry. But also in rescue operations, on construction sites or in the leisure sector (gardening and tree care, art) are used chainsaws.

1.1. Fields of application of the chainsaw

Chainsaws and art

Even in the leisure sector, the chainsaw has found its way into the meantime. So there are artists who use small, particularly fine chain saws for wood sculpting or ice sculpting.

Chainsaw comparison 2018: chainsaw

Forest worker sawing a tree trunk.

To ensure effective forestry work will be in the forestry since the 1920s chainsaws used for felling and crushing trees. It is the main field of application for which chainsaws were originally invented and for which they are still the most commonly used.

Also in the field of tree care find chainsaws use. As a rule, a small chain saw with a compact design and a short blade length is sufficient for the decortication of the trees. In contrast to forestry work, this work is no longer done by professional skilled workers. In the private sector in particular, many people are now taking care of the tree and garden in their own hands.

In addition, fire department and technical relief use chainsaws rescue operations, for example, to free people who are trapped due to fallen trees (eg in the car).

1.2. How is a chainsaw constructed and how does it work?

Both construction and operation of a chainsaw are normal, regardless of whether an internal combustion engine or electric motor is installed always the same, She is made up of one motor housing with handles and the sawblade together. Inside the engine case, the engine is installed, which is started (in gasoline engines) with a cable. From the housing protrudes the saw blade, which from a saw chain is enclosed with sharp-edged saw teeth.

The chain is made by means of a so-called centrifugal clutch driven. It runs around the saw blade in a groove (recess in the material in the form of a narrow groove). At the top of the saw blade is a rotatable roller, which is also referred to as Umlenkstern. It is responsible for the reduction of wear in addition to the use of chain lubricating oil.

2. Which chainsaw types are available?

What is a pruner?

A peg saw, also known as a branch saw or a telescopic chainsaw, is a special form of chain saw with which you can cut branches high in the trees. For this purpose, the pruner has a long extendable telescopic handle. In contrast to conventional chainsaws, however, such a branch chain saw is quite small. However, this is not a disadvantage in terms of their field of use, but an advantage, since they should be agile and flexible with low weight.

There is a large number of different chainsaws, the z. T. are suitable as special forms (eg, Hochentaster) only for very special applications. They are usually distinguished less by their type of drive than by their particular use. For professional use in the forest and garden, on construction sites or for private use, conventional devices are used which are more suitable Kind of their drive let distinguish:

  • Gasoline chain saws
  • Electric chain saws

Electric chain saws can be further subdivided into:

  • electric chainsaws with cable
  • electric chainsaws with battery

Because cordless chain saws differ in performance from differently driven types and unlike electric chain saws independent of a power source are used, they should be presented in chainsaw comparison guide in a separate category.

2.1. Gasoline Chain Saw

Chainsaw comparison 2018: comparison

Gas powered chainsaw from Dolmar.

Gasoline powered chainsaws usually have one Two-stroke internal combustion enginewho with one Gasoline-oil mixture is operated and started via a cable. While the gasoline is responsible for the proper operation of the gasoline chainsaw, the lubricating oil in this mixture takes on the task of sufficiently lubricating all moving parts of the engine. The use of two-stroke engines is particularly suitable for smaller gasoline-powered garden tools, such as grass trimmers, lawn mowers or brushcutters.

Gasoline chainsaws can due to their fuel supply independent of location and mobile be used. This is particularly useful if you have a large winding garden or want to saw your firewood directly in the forest. Also in terms of performance, the gasoline chainsaw is still unreached. However, they are very noisy and not very environmentally friendly due to exhaust emissions.

There are petrol-driven chainsaws very high performance Above all, they are suitable for heavy wood and intensive sawing work. Many gasoline chainsaws are suitable for professional use and are used when felling and pruning large trees. However, petrol saws are also suitable for sawing firewood. For example, those who want to work on wood in the order of about 30 square meters could use a medium-powered gasoline power saw with a power of 2.5 to 3.5 kilowatts.

  • high performance
  • low consumption
  • mobile and location-independent use
  • long operating times possible
  • suitable for professional use
  • usually high weight
  • very loud
  • generates exhaust gases

2.2. Electric Chainsaw

Chainsaw comparison 2018: chain

Cheap chainsaw from Makita with electric motor and cable.

Electric chainsaws are powered by an electric motor. Unlike gasoline chainsaws are electric chainsawsfrom a power sourceso that they are far less flexible to use. As far as power is concerned, however, an electric chainsaw is quite capable of keeping up with at least simple gasoline chainsaws.

Electric saws are usually lighter and much quieter, Although handling is not ideal due to the existing cable, electrical equipment is characterized by manageability and associated ease of use. Besides, they are very environmentally friendlybecause they do not require gasoline for operation but only chain saw oil for lubricating the chain. Thus, no emissions and emissions are generated when used.

An electric chain saw can be used above all for light or medium-heavy sawing work. The purchase of an electric chainsaw is particularly worthwhile when it comes to the processing of private gardens. The cutting of trees or branches up to 30 centimeters in diameter is easily possible with devices with a capacity of about 1,800 watts.

  • handy
  • environmentally friendly and emission-free
  • quietly
  • unlimited deployment time
  • pretty easy
  • Power cable and thereby stationary use
  • less powerful

2.3. Cordless chainsaw

Chainsaw comparison 2018: chainsaw

Cordless chainsaw from Bosch with 36-volt lithium-ion battery.

Thanks to high quality 36-volt lithium-ion batteries The electric chainsaw becomes increasingly mobile. The use of rechargeable batteries allows a more flexible and location-independent use of electric saws. However, the cordless chainsaw has a significantly lower performance than electric saws with cable or gasoline chainsaws.

especially the Durability of the batteries plays a crucial role. Often this is very limited, so that you can cut with your chainsaw only branches that do not exceed a diameter of about 20 centimeters. Even when sawing trees, care must be taken to ensure that they do not have too large a diameter, as many batteries just once ten minutes Hold out saws. Cordless chainsaws therefore play no outstanding role for professional use.

For simple sawing in the garden, the device is well suited, especially if you increase the use time by purchasing a second battery to 20 minutes.

  • flexible and can be used anywhere
  • very easy
  • handy
  • environmentally friendly and emission-free
  • low power
  • Battery life severely limited
  • not suitable for professional use

3. Purchase criteria for chainsaws: You must pay attention to this

3.1. application

Chainsaw comparison 2018: chainsaw

Firewood sawn with the chainsaw for the in-house kiln.

If you want to buy a chainsaw, you should first consider in advance, for what purpose you make such a purchase. Because depending on what you want to use your chainsaw, different models with different types of drives are recommended. Do you want with your saw eg. Trees in the forest In any case, the purchase of a gasoline chainsaw is worthwhile because you can work with it over a longer period regardless of location. Even hardwoods such as beech or oak can be sawed easily with gasoline powered chainsaws.

On the other hand, you have predominantly or exclusively Work in the garden to do, you can also fall back on electric or cordless chainsaws. These are usually weaker in performance than gasoline saws, but they are quite sufficient for cutting branches or trees with a diameter of about 30 centimeters. Even when firewood sawing usually enough an electric chainsaw. For large quantities (eg 30 room meters), you should rather rely on a gasoline saw for time reasons alone.

3.2. Performance and sword length

The power of chainsaws is in watt, sometimes even in PS (horsepower) specified. In principle, you can remember that 1,000 watts (one kilowatt) corresponds to about 1.3 hp. Generally, the more watt a device has, the more powerful it is.

Tip: Do not be too dependent on performance for your purchase. The performance of a motorized saw does not have to be massively beyond the demands placed on the device. This means that, for example, you do not need a professional petrol saw with 6,000 watts of power for smaller gardening.

The same applies to the sword length. For private use in the garden is usually enough for a sword length of 30-40 centimeters at a power of 1,500-2,500 watts. For sawing trees, on the other hand, we recommend an output of approx. 3,000 watts and a correspondingly longer sword length. Professional equipment for felling very thick trees in the forest reach z. T. up to 7,000 watts with sword lengths of up to 75 centimeters.

3.3. chain speed

The chain speed indicates how fast the saw chain moves around the sword of the chain saw. The more meters the second traverses the chain, the faster the saw can saw the wood. The data of the manufacturers are on the Neutral related, so that depending on the wood species the sawing speed can vary.

3.4. Weight and handling

You should always pay close attention to these two points. If the chain saw is too heavy for you, put yourself in unnecessary danger at work proper guiding of the saw hardly possible anymore.

In principle, models weighing more than five kilograms are considered rather heavy. If you are not used to working with such a weight and you do not use it daily, you should be more likely to become one light chainsaw purchase with less weight (three to four kilograms).

Tip: Make sure your chainsaw is easy to maintain. Ideally, a tool-free clamping of the chain should be possible above all. This considerably facilitates the work process.

3.5. Accessories and spare parts

Chainsaw comparison 2018: 2018

A sawhorse serves to immobilize the sawed material to be processed.

You will receive replacement parts and accessories for most of your popular chainsaw models, either directly at the manufacturer or in different Online Stores.

As an accessory, you could also opt for convenient and comfortable firewood sawing sawhorse to buy for your chainsaw. However, this only makes sense if firewood sawing is one of the priority tasks you want to tackle with your chainsaw.

Chainsaw comparison 2018: chain

4. Safety devices and safety measures

Chainsaws have a high weight and enormous power. In combination with their speed of operation and the fact that chainsaws can cut down branches and trees in no time, they make a big difference potential hazard especially if you do not use them correctly or untrained. In addition to certain rules of conduct and safety measures that you should take note of before and during use, modern chainsaws are equipped with different protection devices. The most important we summarized in the chainsaw test for you.

4.1. Technical protections of modern chainsaws

Type of protection devicefunction
chain brakeDirectly in front of the front handle is the front hand guard, which is also designed as a chain guard. If the chainsaw abruptly back, is by contact of the front hand with the hand guard of the Chain guard triggered in fractions of a second, The chain then stays abruptly, Even at full throttle, a running saw can be stopped immediately because the braking power exceeds the engine power.
Chain catcherThe chain catch bolt is for the Fall of a chain break been built. If this event occurs, it should prevent the chain under the engine block from being turned over to the operator and possible possible injuries.
Throttle lockThe throttle lock is a protection device without which the throttle can not be operated. It is located on the top of the rear handle, while the actual gas switch is located on the bottom. This protective device should unintentional accelerating Prevent and ensure that the engine remains idle without gas operation and the chain is stopped accordingly.
Heated handleThere are models that have built a handle heating. It causes the saw even at very low temperatures can be safely guided.In addition to the vibration damper, the handle heater is an important element that is essential to health the operator contributes.
vibration damperVibration-damping and -absorbierende components are used in modern chainsaws for Protection against circulatory disorders used. The use of such components has become necessary because older models, in which no vibration dampers were installed, have repeatedly led forest workers to persistent circulatory disorders, possibly even to permanent numbness in the fingers.
hand protectionChain saws have double hand protection:

  • The front handguard is intended to protect the fingers chain Contact and related injuries. In addition, it triggers the chain brake, causing the chain to stop immediately.
  • The back hand guard protects the hand against especially external influencing factors like a rough trunk surface when delving or branches that interfere with the bottom of performing the sawing work. In addition, it offers as well as the chain catch effective protection Injuries with chain break.
Spiked bumperThe claw stop is a pointed jagged device on the housing of the engine block, the one safe leadership guaranteed at felling and cutting cuts. With its help, the running saw can be fixed to the wood, which in turn should prevent uncontrolled deflection of the saw.
centrifugal clutchBy using a centrifugal clutch ensures that the saw chain starts from a higher engine speed, This means that the chain is at standstill.

4.2. Own security measures

Chainsaw comparison 2018: chain

You should always wear protective trousers if you want to work with your chainsaw.

In addition to the protections built into modern chain saws, it is important to follow some safety and behavioral guidelines when using your chainsaw. In any case, wearing one is essential personal protective equipment, For forest workers even the PSA-Forst-Richtlinie (Personal Protective Equipment for Forest Owners), which consists of cut protection trousers, cut protection jacket, safety shoes, protective gloves and safety helmet with visor and ear protection.

In addition, you should note the following security rules:

  • Set the tension of the saw chain: Before you go to work, you should set your chainsaw or check the old settings. In this context, it is above all the correct tension of the saw chain that is important. Make sure that the chain is always stretched so that it touches the sword when cold, but still can be pulled straight on. Since the chain expands due to heat generation during sawing, retightening may be required.
  • Set correct idling speed: The idling speed setting must also be observed. Adjust the speed so that your chainsaw remains in the idle (not out) without causing the chain to spin.
  • Hire a power saw: Power saws should always be started from the ground and with the chain brake engaged.
  • Keep a chainsaw: For proper control, always hold and guide the chainsaw with both hands. The left hand is positioned on the front handle so that the chain brake can trigger clean.
  • Use of the chain brake: It is important that you insert the chain brake after each cut to minimize the risk of injury. Only if you have repositioned the saw accordingly, you should release the chain brake and make your next cut.
  • Free danger area and safe working height: Make sure no one is around you within two yards. This area is also referred to as the swivel range of the chainsaw. In addition, should never be sawed above shoulder level, since the safe operation of the implement is no longer possible without restrictions.

Danger: It is important to remember that saw chains contract after use and during the cooling process. To avoid a rupture, you should relax the chain again after use.

5. Questions and answers about chainsaws

5.1. Since when are chainsaws available?

The principle of the chainsaw goes into the 19th century back. Although the first chainsaws for felling trees in the forest were only built in the 1920s, in 1830 the German physician Bernhard Heine used the idea of ​​a saw chain running on a rail for his hand-operated ones bone saws (Osteotomes).

Late 1920s became the first Motor chain saws with gasoline drive built for work in the forest. However, the technology at the time allowed only the development of huge devices that were very heavy and had to be operated by two men. Weighed the first Two men model still over 60 kilograms, was the development of improved and lighter machines in the following years, the primary goal. With the construction of the first usable in the forest power saw, a process had set in motion, which was unstoppable.

In 1950 eventually became the first One-man chainsaw manufactured. She too was very difficult at the beginning. As late as 1959, after several years of further development, her weight was around twelve kilograms. Today, chainsaws, however, are usually much lighter. A small chainsaw now weighs between four and five kilograms. Hardwood saws reach a weight between seven and nine kilograms.

5.2. Which chainsaw manufacturers are available and which chainsaw is the best?

There are many chainsaw manufacturers and products on the market. Among the best and best known brands include Stihl, Bosch, Dolmar, Husqvarna, Einhell, Makita, McCulloch, Makita or Ryobi. Many of these manufacturers offer different models that fall into different price segments and for different purposes are provided. Which is the best chainsaw, can therefore not be answered flat rate.

First, you need to be aware of the purpose before making your purchase decision based on the criteria above. Look especially powerful deviceswith whom you want to work professionally in the forest, you should look for gasoline chainsaws with more than three kilowatts and sword lengths of over 40 centimeters. If, on the other hand, you mainly want to work in the garden, electric or cordless power saws of about two kilowatts and a sword length of 30-40 centimeters are sufficient.

5.3. Have chainsaws been tested at Stiftung Warentest?

The Stiftung Warentest has in its chainsaw test the issue 09/2013 in total tested twelve chainsaws, Five of them were equipped with gasoline engine, four with electric motor (and cable) and three ran on battery power. All types of drives had good equipment, but some had relevant safety deficiencies. Chainsaws was the winner of the Husqvarna 435 gasoline chainsaw, which saw the Sawing, Handling, Safety, Environment and Health criteria tested Overall grade 1.9 Graduating.

In general, in the chain sawing test of the Stiftung Warentest in the field of sawing performance, especially the gasoline saws were in the lead. In terms of safety, most petrol models also scored points. Electric and battery-powered saws performed well in the environment and health sector. As a conclusion, only petrol models are recommended for working in the forest. Electric and cordless power saws can also be used in the garden. Battery models have been rated as barely worthwhile due to their low power and a battery life of only six to ten minutes.

5.4. When can I use a chainsaw?

Very often there is confusion about whether you can use a chainsaw without special training as a private person. Generally speaking, anyone who is on his own property or forest piece wants to use a chainsaw, no special certificate or something similar needed.

But it is different when a chainsaw in public forests, for professional use or on Land of third parties should be used. Then one is chainsaw bill absolute condition. In general, anyone over the age of 18 and in good health can take the appropriate course.

Tip: In a chain sawing course you learn important details and safety rules for the proper handling of your own saw. Against this background, it is recommended to every user, as it greatly reduces the risk of accidents. Depending on the provider, the attendance of appropriate courses is cost-intensive. In many cases, the costs amount to just over 100 euros.

5.5. How do I sharpen my chainsaw properly?

To ensure proper operation of your chainsaw, you should from time to time use the Sharpen saw chain, For this you need a sharpening aid, a flat file and a round file. First, clamp your chainsaw with a machine vice, then place the sharpening aid on one of the saw teeth. Make sure that it engages correctly. Then you can put the round file on the sharpening aid and start to sharpen the saw teeth. Always move the file from the inside of the incisor to the outside (lift the file when resetting it). After sharpening the cutting teeth, you must then check the depth limiters with the help of the sharpening aid with the flat file and file off, if necessary.

How to properly sharpen the chain of your chainsaw, you can see in detail again in the following video:

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