Chicory

Plant chicory in the garden

Chicory is especially known as a salad, which can be prepared with its pleasant bitter taste either raw or roasted or steamed. If you want to grow chicory, you should know how to make the plant develop the popular white leaves - because that does not make the plant by itself.

Chicory: plant

Actually, chicory is not really a salad in the true sense of the word, but a turnip that thrives beneath the surface of the earth, as it is common in beets. In order to stimulate growth on the surface and to obtain tasty leaves for harvesting, one must trick the plant. How to turn chicory into a diligent salad supplier is explained here.

Chicory is sown in late spring, between mid-May and early July either directly in the field or pulled mid-to late April in a room greenhouse or under fleece. In the field, the rows should have a distance of 30 centimeters, the sowing depth is two to three centimeters. If the early plantlets have reached a size of about ten centimeters, they can be put into the bed. In terms of crop rotation, chicory flourishes best in terms of cereals, and chicory is not grown on its own, with a break of at least three years before chicory is planted again in the same place.

Stuffed chicory

Chicory: chicory

So that the chicory beets can form undisturbed, the soil should be loose and profound. Stones and compaction impede growth and should be removed before sowing and the soil should be well loosened up. Here, about three liters of compost per square meter are excavated, fertilizer can be used, but it is not absolutely necessary when using compost. Later, when two or three leaves are expelled, corn meal can be re-fertilized. Nitrogen fertilizer is not recommended, as too fast growth lowers the quality of the shoots. Especially in dry locations, attention should always be paid to sufficiently moist soil.

Red chicory

Chicory: chicory

During the summer, the young leaves, which grow steadily, can already be used for the salad, but the hearts of the chicory plants, just above the surface of the earth, must not be separated so that leaves can regrow. From mid-September, after about 18 to 20 weeks of growth, the chicory is pulled out of the ground, which should now have a diameter of 3 to 6 centimeters.

Drive and harvest chicory

Before you can harvest the white chicory leaves, your growth must be "driven". For this purpose, the beets with nutritious and moist soil are placed close together in a large, opaque container and covered with a lid or mulch film so that no light can reach the plants. The closed vessel is then stored for three to four weeks at about 12 to 18 degrees Celsius (for example, in the basement). Within this time develop the coveted white shoots that can be cut and prepared.

Common pests are aphids, the maggots of chicory leaf fly and downy mildew. Aphids should first be combated with home remedies before reaching for larger cannon. Miner fly maggots feed on the root of the plant and leave small fry gullies, mildew looks as if the plant had been dusted with flour. There are remedies for these pests in specialist shops.

Video Board: Chicory Root Side Effects Consume it With Great Precaution