The classic floor ceramic: tiles made of stoneware

Ceramic tiles as wall coverings or floor coverings are divided into three main groups. The earthenware for indoor use is not frost-resistant and easy to work. Stoneware tiles are frost resistant and have a higher density. Porcelain stoneware is the hardest and reminiscent of glass.

Water absorption and load capacity

Decisive for the weather resistance and insensitivity to moisture in tiles is the water absorption property. Steinzeug has less than three percent water absorption capacity and is therefore frost-proof and suitable for outdoor use.

The firing temperatures for stoneware are between 1100 and 1300 degrees Celsius, which is higher than stoneware and lower than porcelain stoneware. In particular, for heavy soil stresses, for example, in the public or commercial sector, unglazed tiles made of stoneware are common.

Density, glaze and fixing

The glaze determines the abrasion resistance and anti-slip properties of the surface. Through special additions, the density of the stoneware can be increased, which increases its insensitivity to moisture and stains.

Despite the relatively low water absorption, tiles made of stoneware can be laid with conventional cement mortar, since they bond strongly enough to the drying mortar. For porcelain stoneware plastic adhesives must be used.

Shapes and price ranges

Tiles made of stoneware are made in one color and multicolored in square, right, hexagonal and octagonal shape. They may be unglazed or unfired or coated with a glaze. The majority of commercially available products come from industrial production, but there are also handmade tiles made of stoneware, especially in the area of ​​relief and decorative tiles and borders.

For the most part, monochromatic stoneware tiles from industrial production are in the price range between forty and sixty euros per square meter. Octagonal tiles with beveled corners cost between 120 and 180 euros per square meter, including depositors. A comprehensive overview of product types and prices offers the online retailer

Tips & Tricks

Tiles with historic surface designs are suitable as a decorative complement to large surfaces in the form of borders or as edge and corner tiles.

Video Board: How to install ceramic or porcelain tiles