The concrete stairs in the garden

Especially hillside land and gardens with raised beds need either a terrace construction and / or stairs. As other materials such as steel or wood quickly reach their limits outdoors, concrete is particularly well suited to stairs in the garden. This concrete staircase in the garden can be used as a substructure, but also as a visible staircase. Below is a detailed guide to build your concrete stairs in the garden itself.

Concrete is the best building material for a garden staircase

Stairs can be made of different materials. However, the staircase in the garden is clearly limited here. Wood and steel are too exposed to the weather. Concrete, on the other hand, is durable and durable, even when mixed and processed outdoors. Here, the concrete staircase in the garden can be constructed differently or accomplish:

  • as element or prefabricated staircase
  • As a block staircase, individual stair components are connected to each other
  • the casting of a concrete staircase for the garden

Cast the concrete garden staircase yourself

In particular, the self-cast concrete staircase offers further advantages. It can be cast from the outset as a substructure made of concrete, and then later disguised accordingly. For cladding a concrete staircase in the garden are particularly well natural stones. Likewise, however, the concrete staircase can also be designed as a concrete facing staircase.

In any case, you also have to build the substructure with an element staircase

The background to constructing a staircase in this way is that a substructure would have to be built for a prefabricated staircase as well. The additional time required for the pouring of the stairs is therefore limited, in addition, the concrete stairs for a total of cheaper.

A concrete staircase in the garden into the hillside

The staircase construction for a concrete staircase in the garden, which we describe here, refers to a construction for a staircase, which is to be built into a slope or a raised bed or to the higher terrace.

Particular attention must be given to the foundation with such a concrete staircase, which is built into the slope. Find out what to look for in "Creating a concrete foundation". Subsequently, we accordingly narrowly enter the cleanliness layer of the foundation.

Instructions to build a concrete staircase in the garden (in the hillside)

  • Concrete hollow blocks
  • Moniereisen
  • welded wire mesh
  • Concrete (sand, cement)
  • Mother earth or sand to fill the stairwell
  • Gravel for the cleanliness layer
  • shuttering wood
  • Pegs for securing the formwork
  • Digging tool for excavating the foundation (into the slope)
  • Compressor (preferably with engine)
  • Cement Mixer
  • Fill and compact tool for mortar
  • Tool for creating the formwork
  • Smoothing tool for the concrete

1. Preparation

First, the slope must be excavated. The excavation takes place on the entire length of the stairs and also on each side about 30 to 50 cm wider than the stairs. The excavation must reach down to the extent that the frost-proof area is reached, but also that the concrete will still have sufficient strength, especially for the lowest step of the stairs.

2. Clean layer and first row of the side staircase foundation

Now the gravel is introduced and compacted. Then the concrete hollow bricks are placed outside on the first row on earth-moist concrete. At the later rising side of this stone frame is connected transversely with the other side. The result is a U-shaped concrete block frame, which represents the base and foundation for the later-poured staircase.

3. Walling of the structure

Now, the hollow stones are bricked up and thus slowly get the shape of the stairs. The exact dimensions can be calculated yourself: Calculate concrete stairs. In the cavities are incorporated vertically and horizontally Moniereisen. Then the hollow stones are filled with concrete. Compacting concrete is very important. Either an internal compressor (bottle compressor) or a stick is used for poking.

4. Fill the gap with earth or sand

Now the space between the supporting walls is filled up with mother earth or sand. Here, a gradient is incorporated, which corresponds exactly to the slope of the stairs. The upper edge of the backfill should be at least 8 to 10 cm below the bricked concrete blocks, because the surface later forms the support for the concrete that is poured in. Only if the concrete meets this thickness of at least 8 to 10 cm to the wall height, the concrete will not break later. The filled sand or mother earth must then be compacted accurately.

5. The boarding and concreting the garden stairs

Now the shuttering is fastened. In the rooms in between steel mesh are inserted. These must rest on appropriate supports and must not later protrude from the concrete. After this preliminary work, the concrete is then poured into the formwork starting from below. As before, the concrete in the hollow stones must also be compacted the concrete. The reinforcing steel mats must be completely encased in concrete, otherwise there is oxidation and weakening of the reinforcement.

6. Thesis

Depending on the weather conditions, the formwork must now be maintained for at least 2 to 3 days. In addition, depending on the weather, a post-treatment of the concrete is required. After a few months, the concrete has hardened so much that it can be further processed. This means that as exposed concrete you can seal the concrete staircase or cover it as a substructure with natural stone, tile, etc.

Tips & Tricks

When lining up the concrete staircase in the garden, make sure that you only use frost-resistant materials, ie no conventional ceramic tiles.

Video Board: Concrete Step Form Liners Pouring Concrete Steps