Create a cottage garden: plant the cottage garden

Cottage gardens have been around for many centuries. In contrast to their austere shape, the usually strictly geometrical gardens usually represent a thriving mix of useful and ornamental plants and delight all year round with rich green and fresh vegetables. We show you how to create a beautiful and stylish farm garden, give information about the historical development and inform you about the typical plants of a farmer garden.


cottage garden

  • Farmhouse garden historically
  • Farm garden plants in typical arrangement
  • Create a cottage garden
  • Farm garden planting
  • Fences in the cottage garden

Farmhouse garden historically

Cottage gardens have their historical origins in the country house gardens of the Romans. The cruciform shape, however, was developed in the monastery gardens of the Middle Ages and early modern times. Thus, the garden was divided into four segments and incidentally had a certain sacred significance.

Towards the end of the 17th century, the marriage of French horticulture to the Versailles model, the bed frame with small hedges and the stricter geometric shape came into fashion. To this day, the cottage gardens have actually not changed according to historical model.

The garden model has power of assertion: While farmhouses throughout Germany can look very different from one region to another, the surrounding gardens are largely the same. The plants are hardly different.

Farm garden plants in typical arrangement

There are only two main differences in the outer layout of a farmer's garden: the enclosure with a hedge as a northern German, wind-protecting variant or the planting of the border area with bushes such as lilac, snowball and other tall perennials.

Cottage gardens are always rectangular and usually divided into four segments. In the middle is usually a small rondel, for example, for small ornamental plants or a well. A multi-year crop rotation is easy to achieve thanks to the fourfold segmentation; The regeneration of the soil after intensive vegetable cultivation can be done easily, for example, by planting a new segment.

There is no strict separation between utility and ornamental garden elements in the cottage garden: Most annuals are self-sowing and grow where they do not interfere with vegetable cultivation.

Create a cottage garden

First, you should measure your property. The way cross, the center and the borders of the beds should be staked out with strings. Then the paths are dug. It is advisable to excavate about 30 cm deep and create a foundation of medium gravel, otherwise the upper material can easily be washed away.

The upper material for the paths is fine and coarse gravel as well as all kinds of natural stones. The paths can also be paved. However, concrete blocks or even tar ceilings disturb the natural impression and should therefore not be used.

Farm garden planting

Farm garden planting

The planting of a farmer garden does not follow too strict rules. For the limitation of the ways, however, the planting with boxwood is recommended. This is easy to keep short, fairly undemanding and grows dense and compact.

For the entrance areas are beautiful flowering plants like Clematis, Climbing roses or honeysuckle. In the middle of the cottage garden, as an alternative to a well, a hollyhock can also be planted.

There are no rules for the use of the beds: You can create a vegetable garden, a garden for soft fruit or a pure flower garden. Definitely recommended is a corner for a nice, juicy Herb garden.

Typical perennial plants in the cottage garden are:

crying heartlily
cowslipfat chicken

Fences in the cottage garden

Cottage gardens should look as natural as possible, so they are an alternative to the wash-orgy orgies of the 60s and 70s, which today still spoil many plots of land. A very nice fence for a cottage garden, for example, the Staketenzaun. This consists of individual, natural and wood-protected sticks and acts by its irregularity very close to nature.

Also braided fences or ring fences fit well into a cottage garden. One should refrain from models made of steel, straight planed boards or even plastic. Even the good old chain link fence, with and without Knallerbsenstrauch, can disturb the impression. But as I said: all matter of taste.

picket fence

picket fence

wattle fence

wattle fence

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