Curtain types - what is there

Curtains are common in Germany since about the 16th century. Since then, countless types and shapes of curtains have developed. A brief overview of all the curtain types and materials you will find in this article.

Shapes of curtains

A curtain can have different shapes. The basic and classic form of a curtain is the store.

Classic store

A store is a transparent curtain that provides privacy from the outside. From the inside there is a free view to the outside. Although the curtain thus provides privacy, but no sun protection or thermal insulation. Even a darkening is not possible with a classic transparent curtain.

An exception here are so-called thermogardines. However, they are no longer transparent, but already belong to the group of "curtains".

The classic store has gone out of fashion, and is now used almost exclusively in traditional settings. The combination of store and a saddle cloth as well as a decorative scarf on the sides of the curtain is now considered old-fashioned.


Curtains are a general type of curtains, which are often not or only slightly transparent. The separation into "curtains" and "curtain" is not a definite term. Curtains are often referred to as curtains, the classic curtain in a transparent look, however, as a store.

Curtains can take on different functions:

  • privacy
  • Darkening of the room
  • Thermal insulation of the room, such as in thermal curtains and thermal curtains

The materials used and also the lengths and shapes can be different. In the selection of fabrics, especially the light transmission plays a role.

Light transmission

If the curtains have no translucency, they can be used to darken a room, such as a bedroom. Curtains pleats are clearly superior for this purpose.

Other fabrics, in turn, can be very translucent and open-woven, so as to allow as much daylight as possible even when the curtain is closed, and not to obscure the room despite complete privacy.

The so-called daylight goods are usually thinner woven (about 160 g / m²), while the blackout fabric is usually woven twice as dense (about 320 g / m²). In addition, different materials are used.

sun protection

Curtains are rarely used for sun protection. Some substances, however, allow more heat than others. For example, silk, linen and organza are completely unsuitable for sun protection, but heavy fabrics often lose less heat. But this is always accompanied by an inevitable complete darkening of the room.

Louvre curtains and panel curtains

Panel curtains and vertical blinds are the modern form of the curtain. In recent years they have become more and more the trend in private buildings. In the past, they were almost exclusively used in office buildings. The shapes, materials and colors are now just as varied as with classic curtains.

Video Board: Curtain Pole Guide: Types of Curtain Poles Available