Environmentally friendly paints and colors

Tens of thousands of tons of solvents are released annually through coatings and paints, a study by the Federal Environmental Agency has shown. These substances not only damage your health but also the environment. Therefore, please read here which recommendations there are for the environmentally friendly use of paints and varnishes.

Basic composition of paints and colors

As different as the individual products offered may be - the basic recipe is almost the same for all paints and colors. Essentially all paints and colors consist of the following components:

  • Binders (they hold the color together)
  • Pigments (they provide the color effect)
  • Solvents (they keep the individual components in solution and make the paint paintable)
  • Additives (to produce certain properties of the paint)


Here, either natural substances, such as certain natural oils, animal or vegetable resins can be used. As a rule, however, synthetic resins are used - acrylates, polyvinyl acetates or even alkyd resins. These substances are not always harmful or dangerous to the environment, but should be avoided as far as possible in favor of natural products.


Pigmentation agents today are in most cases less harmful organic and inorganic compounds, including titanium dioxide, which is practically indispensable as a "whitener".

In many cases, however, heavy metal compounds can be contained in individual colors, especially tinting pastes contain occasionally many heavy metals. These substances are not only harmful to health when they enter the body, but also a massive burden on the environment.


They are a dangerous component of colors. In many colors today they are replaced by water, but not in all.

Especially problematic are VOCs - volatile organic compounds. Not only are they detrimental to the health of the skin, they also cause a massive environmental impact. Some paints and paints have a solvent content of more than 2% - that does not have to be.

Solvent-free paints should therefore be used in any case, on solvent-based paints and varnishes you should go so far as possible - even in the interest of your own health.


Many of the adjuvants used can cause severe damage to water, carcinogens, or otherwise pollute the environment and the human body. Only paints and varnishes that dispense with the admixture of such substances should be used, or at least largely dispensed with.

Blue Angel

Environmentally friendly paints and paints without harmful additives are awarded the "Blue Angel" in Germany. With paints and varnishes marked in this way, one can assume that the health hazard and the environmental hazard are as low as possible.

The Blue Angel is a consumer label whose specifications have been developed by experts. All labeled paints and varnishes are rigorously tested for all ingredients and must meet all required specifications.

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