Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering

Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering: systems

Underfloor heating is above all popular for its pleasant radiant heat. However, the installation of a classic water-bearing heating in a heated screed can be complicated, time-consuming and labor-intensive, especially when retrofitting. A striking alternative to this are electrical underfloor heating systems, with which entire rooms can be heated or even the floor surfaces can be tempered.

The floor structure only gets slightly higher due to the installation of electric heating mats or heating cables directly under the floor covering, so that during renovation or renovation often neither steps nor doors have to be shortened. There is also underfloor heating no more radiators, remove the footprint. So there are some good reasons for that.

Of course, there are also objections to electric underfloor heating. The most important is that it is powered by electricity - the most expensive form of energy in the home.

However, these concerns quickly become relative. Since the radiant heat acts directly on the body, the set room temperature must be lower with the same subjective heat impression than with conventional heating systems. Added to this is the rapid heating of the floor - an electric heating system does not react as lazily as an aquiferous underfloor heating: The electric underfloor heating can be controlled quite precisely timed, without having to put up with long heating and cooling times.

Nevertheless, it is the classic application of electric underfloor heating systems the floor temperature control or the heating of bathrooms and similar rooms. Here, too, the pleasant foot warmth from below is especially noticeable.

Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering: heating

Pleasantly warm feet are especially appreciated in tiled bathrooms and other barefoot areas.

Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering: tempering

Power is easy to control and switch. The control can be time- and temperature-controlled, with many systems also a programming or the integration into a smart home concept is possible.

This is how an electric heating system works

When installing a floor heating system will be Heating cable or heating mats depending on the product, usually laid in the screed or on the screed in a thin leveling layer. The less material is between the heat generator and the topsoil, the faster the heater reacts, because then less mass must be heated to achieve an effect.

During operation will Electricity passed through the mats or cables. This results from the resistance of this electrical conductor power loss, which is released as heat to the environment. Because electricity flows here, electric underfloor heating systems in damp rooms or other water-endangered areas must always be laid with earthed shielding to guarantee electrical safety.

Using electricity offers the advantage that the energy can be switched easily. This can be done via a thermostat, a switch or - integrated into a smart home system - today as well with smartphone and matching app respectively.

Lay floor heating systems

The processing of the individual components is not too expensive. Therefore, smaller systems are also available ready to plug in by the installation in-house.

For larger installations, however, do-it-yourselfers reach their limits. This is not least because of that the electrical safety must be guaranteed and the electrical installation must be absolutely professional. For those who can not guarantee that, they turn to a professional for safety reasons, because those who build such a system are also liable for damage and accidents.

Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering: electric

Here is an overview of the installation of a heating system. If the raw floor is even and stable, you can start with the preparation of the heating mats. For most systems, they can be easily adapted to the room conditions.

Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering: tempering

The mats are rolled out where the floor should be heated. Under built-in furniture, shower trays or similar you do not misplace them.

Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering: electric

In this system, the mat is embedded directly in the tile adhesive. One must pay attention to the most complete and void-free processing of the adhesive.

Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering: electric

The tiles are then inserted and grouted after the adhesive has set - the underfloor heating has been laid completely. These processes are quite straightforward, but because of the electrical installation here should the professional to work.

Electric floor heating systems and floor tempering: tempering

Even on wooden floors, the heat makes pleasant from below. However, the flooring must be expressly approved by the manufacturer.

In advance, however, you can as a builder take over a little planning work. Since an electric underfloor heating system is usually installed as part of a refurbishment or a comprehensive renovation, the other construction measures and the materials used should be adapted to it.

A sticking point is the choice of the later Oberbelags. Tiles and natural stones are practically always suitable for laying over underfloor heating. Carpet, on the other hand, is very limited because it is too well insulated. Finally, in the case of parquet or laminate flooring, the flooring manufacturer must expressly indicate that it is suitable for laying on a heated floor. Often, this is already recognizable by a corresponding pack imprint - otherwise, ask in any case.

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Video Board: Radiant Heat Using a Condensing Tankless Water Heater.