Dispose of Eternit

Dispose of Eternit: dispose

What things are made of Eternit *?
* The term Eternit is colloquially used for fiber cement panels.
  • roof panels
  • Roof corrugated sheets
  • facade panels
  • Artificial slate / Artificial stones
  • Beetumrandungen
  • flower boxes
  • planter
  • in different shapes and colors

Eternit, manufactured since 1993, can be disposed of as normal construction waste, as required by your local waste disposal regulations. Disposal of Eternit becomes difficult only when there is a suspicion of asbestos-containing material.

Basically, first of all Eternit, which was built before 1993 suspicious, since only in 1993 a nationwide asbestos prohibition took. This also applies to records of other names from other manufacturers who used all asbestos in the time before the asbestos ban. Essentially, Eternit is just a brand name that is often used interchangeably with all fiber cement boards.

Fiber was considered miracle fiber until the 1980s, although asbestosis had been recognized as an occupational disease since 1943.

Anyone who actually has an invoice with a precise product name can often find out from the manufacturer whether the product was still made with asbestos fibers back then. Otherwise, only a laboratory is certain, because ignorance protects neither punishment nor health damage.

Due to the considerable liability risks as well as the fines, which threaten with inappropriate disposal, but above all because of the extreme endangerment of one's own health as well as those of other people in the environment, it must be ensured with the slightest doubt for a secure determination of the material.

Test for asbestos

Dispose of Eternit: Eternit

Asbestos-containing Eternit must never end up in household waste.

You can commission a special disposal company with the proof. However, there are also tests in the trade or at pharmacies, which are sent to the exactly described sampling and packaging in a laboratory.

From the laboratory you get the result. If it can be shown that asbestos is not contained in your fiber cement, keep the laboratory result.

If you want to dispose of asbestos-free fiber cement boards as normal construction waste, this can be helpful at the recycling yard.

Solid and weakly bound asbestos

Dispose of Eternit: Eternit

Asbestos is firmly bound in fiber cement boards.

The regulations and technical rules for asbestos disposal differentiate between hard and weakly bound asbestos fibers.

Plates of cement containing asbestos fibers are commonly referred to as Eternit. It is firmly bound asbestos. Asbestos in insulating material and insulating cardboard is weakly bound and must be treated in the disposal substantially different.

For example, the fiber binding material is partially cast in cement. Weakly bound asbestos can not be disposed of privately without further ado.

If you find asbestos-containing Eternit in your building, keep in mind that other building materials and equipment from this period are likely to be contaminated with asbestos, such as: insulation boards, sealing cords in furnaces, insulation materials, screeds, tile adhesives, fillers, gaskets, lightweight panels, floor coverings, Artificial stones, fillings of fire doors, asbestos bitumen, in night storage heaters, air conditioners and countless small electrical appliances (irons, toasters, vacuum cleaners, blow dryers, electric blankets, etc.).

What is forbidden when handling the material?

Eternit is so-called "bound asbestos". This is not an acute danger, as long as it is not processed. Editing is forbidden and means for example:

  • Clean with the high-pressure cleaner
  • brush off
  • Drill
  • Break
  • Dismantling roof or facade panels

Everything that can lead to the release of asbestos fibers. In case of infringement, criminal proceedings are threatened because of the prohibited handling of asbestos-containing components as well as restructuring measures in the entire environment and compensation payments.

Dispose of asbestos-containing Eternit - regulations

Dispose of Eternit: Eternit

Under no circumstances should you treat such a roof with the high-pressure cleaner.

There are regulations at all administrative levels for the disposal of asbestos-containing fiber concrete slabs. Europe-wide, the EU Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 applies.

The handling of the material is specified in the Technical Rules for Hazardous Substances (TRSG 519). In addition, there are country-specific and municipal waste legislation. Thus, Eternit disposal in Saarland may be regulated differently in detail than disposing of Eternit in Schleswig-Holstein.

Eternit dispose of privately? Private persons are not allowed to dispose of asbestos-containing substances anywhere. So before taking any action, you should check with your local community or your local waste disposal company. Very often these leaflets keep ready - sometimes even the necessary big bags, stickers, protective suits and respiratory masks at cost price.

Example: Dispose of information about Eternit Disposal in Berlin (asbestos-containing)

"Disposal and costs: 20 kg free of charge for private households, about 1.50 € / kg
No acceptance of floor flex panels! The Berliner Stadtreinigung (BSR) only disposes of asbestos cement ('Eternit') up to a maximum edge length of 80 cm. (Crushing prohibited!). Waste must be packed dust-proof in a stable plastic film before delivery. Dimensions over 80 cm edge length please dispose of suitable private companies.

Inform yourself of upcoming demolition or conversion measures on a health-compatible and environmentally friendly handling of asbestos. "

Careful: Even though these instructions in the example are much more scarce than the measures described in the TRSG 519, you are legally bound to all details of this Technical Rule when disposing of them. Ads based on the suspicion of irregular disposal of asbestos-containing building materials are very common and are tracked nationwide immediately and very consistently. If you violate the regulations in any way, you and the people in your area are in danger of serious health risks. In addition, fines and claims for damages come at you.

The degradation of asbestos fiber concrete only by experts

Dispose of Eternit: Eternit

The removal of such a facade is a case for a specialist company.

The disposal of asbestos is not synonymous with the degradation of asbestos products.

According to TRSG 519, the dismantling of these products must be carried out by qualified personnel with the required qualifications (certified by the state). These must be regularly renewed and certified.

Theoretically, you can also acquire this expertise privately and prove it by state examination. However, equipment such as an approved asbestos vacuum cleaner for the dismantling are required, so that the cost of commissioning a specialist under the line can be well below the cost.

Dispose of asbestos-containing Eternit plates - right!

Activities:
  • Wear protective clothing (protective clothing, protective goggles and FFP3 mask)
  • Spray uncoated asbestos cement products with fiber-binding agent and keep moist with water
  • Avoid any dust formation
  • During the whole process do not throw or temporarily store the material
  • pack everything in suitable sacks or big bags and close them dust-tight
  • mark all containers with asbestos labels
  • Dispose of protective clothing also well packaged
According to the Federal Environment Agency, the acceptance takes place (be sure to inquire in advance):
  • at recycling centers
  • at other institutions of the public-law disposal companies or their assigned third parties
  • at landfills
  • in warehouses of asbestos removal companies

Dispose of Eternit - costs

Dispose of Eternit: Eternit

In the case of an energetic refurbishment, subsidies for asbestos removal are also possible.

The disposal costs for Eternit panels differ greatly from one region to another. As a rule, weight is calculated. In many places a private, proper delivery of up to 2 tons is possible.

Dispose Eternit - price per ton: about 100 to 300 euros (small quantities other prices)

The Eternit weight of plates can be roughly estimated at 20 kg / sqm.

The dismantling of Eternit panels by a certified specialist company costs about 30 to 37 euros / sqm. There are also costs for any necessary scaffolding, transport, big bags, etc.

However, there are various subsidy programs for asbestos removal as part of a refurbishment (with additional energy measures).

Dispose of Eternit plates

Dispose of Eternit: asbestos

Eternity restoration of apartment buildings is the responsibility of a licensed specialist company.

It is generally recommended that Eternit plate disposal be carried out by specialized companies.

Often this is not possible any other way since the removal of asbestos-containing materials (eg corrugated eternit plates) is in any case only permitted with proof of expertise.

Special companies can be found, for example, via the TÜV, the Dekra or the Handwerkerinnung.

In any case, let the state approval in writing z. B. in the offer in writing.

It is essential to keep the waste disposal certificate
Whether disposed of privately or by a special disposal company: In any case, have a disposal certificate given to you and keep it permanently.

What damage to health causes asbestos?

Dispose of Eternit: Eternit

Even in industrial areas there are still numerous Eternit roofs from before 1993.

Inhalation of microscopic fine asbestos fibers may cause asbestosis (an asbestos-related pneumoconiosis disease) and cancer (bronchial carcinoma, Malignant mesothelioma) arise. While asbestosis requires more exposure to asbestos-containing dusts, cancer can develop even at the least strain. A single fiber should be enough to trigger a long-term illness. Nevertheless, the risk naturally increases with each additional asbestos exposure.

The effect may occur decades after the actual incident in which asbestos fibers were inhaled. Especially in the 70s and 80s asbestos was installed in large quantities. To this day, asbestos is still used industrially in many countries (eg China, India, Russia, Kazakhstan, Brazil and others). Across Europe asbestos was banned in 2005 - in Germany in 1993. It will take a very long time until the asbestos removal can be considered complete. To date, more than 1,000 people die every year as a result of asbestos pollution, worldwide it should be over 100,000.

Conclusion: Asbestos removal is a very dangerous activity unless careful attention is paid to all safety precautions at all stages.

Author: Christiane Baldwin - Online Editor and Handyman

Photo Credits:
  • Cover picture: Christiane Baldwin
  • Garbage / danger signs: Pixabay / Prylarer; Composing C. Baldwin
  • Corrugated sheet: Pixabay / anaterat
  • Garage: Christiane Baldwin
  • brown gable: Christiane Baldwin
  • Wooden house: Pixabay / arcaion
  • Apartment building: Pixabay / HPGruesen
  • Commercial hall: Christiane Baldwin
  • Post picture: Pixabay / MetsikGarden

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Video Board: Asbestos Roof Removal & Roof Replacement Video