Exposed concrete as architectural concrete


Especially in the field of architecture, exposed concrete already has a long tradition. What all began with and which modern architectural designs still use exposed concrete today, can be found in this article.

History of exposed concrete

The idea of ​​producing concrete as exposed concrete with a particularly smooth surface on which the structure of the formwork is based is already an old idea. The first exposed concrete facades were erected as early as 1910. At that time, exposed concrete was a novelty in architecture.

In the 1930s, then some other buildings, including the second Goetheanum, were almost entirely designed with exposed concrete. This brought the concrete variant the breakthrough in the field of architecture.

Exposed concrete became more and more a design tool for facades, but also for façade parts, for stairs, and later also for stairways and forecourts. Along with the facades, the first sculptures and sculptures made of exposed concrete were also created.

Exposed concrete today

Today, exposed concrete is an indispensable architectural design element. Building facades, building environments and complex building forms are today often made of exposed concrete. The diverse design options offered by this interface lead to ever new, impressive designs.

In particular, textured concrete represents a very versatile and flexible architectural design element. Exposed concrete surfaces can be structured in different ways so as not to show the timber form, but rather a desired structure. The structuring can be done either on fresh concrete, or by subsequent processing with appropriate tools, such as a sandblaster.

A recent development is the ability to create black-and-white images with photo-engraving matrices and apply the image to the exposed concrete wall in any size. Depending on the incidence of light, the motif is then differently visible, at certain angles of the incident light it disappears completely.

Tadao Ando's architecture

One of the architects who has propagated exposed concrete as a means of design, not just in exterior but above all in interior design, is the Japanese architect Tadao Ando. In almost all of its buildings exposed concrete plays a major role. Above all, he uses very fine exposed concrete, and in his formal language he uses mostly simple geometrical forms and, in addition, a consistent minimalism. His work has been honored several times with various international prizes, he is considered a pioneer in the application of exposed concrete indoors.


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