Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: paint

The façade, especially the street front, is the face of a house. It can be inviting or repellent, friendly or sober - in In any case, it should be kept intact, uniform and clean his.

But Colors and plasters age and pollute, leaf and crumble. If the façade becomes more and more unsightly with time, a renovation is in progress. You can definitely take it in your own hands and save considerable costs.

We help you: From the Preliminary work on the repair of cracks to painting Let us inform you about the different steps in facade renovation.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: renovation

If you have a stable and high-quality Anlehnleiter like here in the picture, you can of course use it in the facade renovation. However, it is more comfortable and safer to work from a scaffolding, especially in the case of extensive projects.

But first a word about safety: Except for Bungalows and one and a half floor construction a facade extends over several floors.

So you work at times at a height, in the falls serious consequences can have. A simple Anlehnleiter is therefore often no longer sufficient for the renovation.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: facade

Small scale is already available in quite compact dimensions, many can be folded together for storage. If you frequently work in lofty heights, it is worth buying.

You should therefore either in the own interest for the renovation period Set up scaffolding or rent or buy a work platform, which can be adjusted to the necessary height.

Here is in the Tool rental usually a solutionBut there are also affordable work platforms that are worth buying.

It is always important that Scaffold or platform a railing as fall protection and that they have enough freedom of movement to work with heavy paint buckets and the necessary tools.

Thorough inspection of the facade

But now to the practice: how complex a facade renovation, depends on the condition of the facade and the building fabric from. Therefore, the substrate should first be carefully checked. It is important, first, whether the plaster is still intact, that it will be overpainted immediately may or only minor repairs needs.

If this is not the case, first the Requirements for a painting created become:

Plaster facade

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: facade

Plaster facade

The old plaster crumbles over a large area, shows larger gaps or other severe damage For those who can not be repaired, it is advisable to repaint the house facade.

It is important to pay attention to the right Putzart, because Exterior plaster must be permeable and ductile and still adhere well. In this step-by-step tutorial, we show you how home improvement plaster the exterior facade: Facade Rendering

Thermal insulation from the outside

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: prepare

Thermal insulation from the outside

Once you have plastered, you can also check the energy standard of the house and improve it if necessary. A insulated facade prevents energy loss and improves the energy efficiency of the building.

If there is no or only insufficient insulation, it can be made up as part of a renovation. On the basis of this manual, home improvement workers learn Facade with insulation boards to isolate itself: thermal insulation from the outside

Test underground

If, on the whole, the façade is in order, small defects can still prevent a perfect result. With a few simple tests you can identify such deficiencies and take appropriate countermeasures:

peel test: Press a 20 cm piece of package tape onto the old paint and jerk it off. If a piece hangs, the entire surface must be examined for loose paint and primed.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: facade

Whether an old painting is still viable, test with a piece of tape that you jerk off.

Wipe test: Wipe your hand over the ground in various places. If a bit of plaster breaks off or if there is a white abrasion on the inside of the hand (the old paint "chalks"), then the facade must be thoroughly washed off and primed.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: facade

When wiping, simply stroke your hand across the facade. On the palm you can see if the old paint is chalking.

Fingernail test: Press the fingernail tip for three seconds in the old paint. If a pressure point develops that disappears after a short time, a permanently elastic facade coating is available. It can not be processed with a weather protection system, and there can be further unpredictability. In this case, please contact a specialist.

Absorbency: Inject tap water against the facade. If the water is absorbed very quickly, the facade is too absorbent and must be primed.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: renovation

See how absorbent a wall is when spraying or spraying water with a wet sponge.

Tap test: Tap the plaster in different places to find cavities. These must be opened and cleaned, then plastered and primed.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: paint

When you tap off the plaster, you will recognize cavities in the sound. Attention: Do not exert too much force, light knocking is enough!

Scratch Test: Scrape with a sharp object over the plaster or old paint. Cured plaster, which dissolves easily, you should remove several millimeters. An unsustainable old paint bursts and must be removed beforehand.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: check

Even with the scratch test, even a slight pressure is sufficient. Crumbling plaster or peeling paint must be removed.

Pre-treatment of the facade

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: facade

Algae or mold can hinder the adhesion of the paint or later penetrate through the paint.

Some preparatory work already results from the small tests previously carried out. A visual check shows if you need to take further action.

Look carefully at the facade. Visible defects are Water discoloration, moss formation or dirt deposits, flaking in the old paint and cracks.

Dirt deposits and light Moss infestation can be done with the pressure washer cumshot.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: paint

Cleaning a sturdy plaster with a pressure washer is usually not a problem. Nevertheless, first test the procedure in an inaccurate place.

For water spots you should first the Find cause and fix it. A primer is unnecessary, if with a Mark damp blocker, When cleaning cement and sand, you use a facade foundation.

Unsustainable old paintings you have to remove from the underground. For this you heat the affected areas with the Hot air blower and then injects loose components with the high pressure cleaner off.

For large or coarse textured surfaces and thick layers of paint that is too tedious, then you should have one Specialist company who sandblast the façade over a large area can. Even with extreme formation of moss or algae, contact a specialist - this is where you should first get to the root of the problem.

Mending cracks in the facade

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: renovation

Hairline cracks and small cracks that are no longer working can be closed with a suitable filling compound. For larger cracks and those that are still in motion, the cause must first be clarified and corrected.

A chapter in itself are facade cracks: Wind, sun, rain and other environmental influences can cause major and minor damage to the façade. Not always are they so big that one intensive renovation is necessary. little one Damage such as cracks and potholes can sometimes be repaired quickly and at no great cost.

Hairline cracks can be combined with one coat elastic facade paint (synthetic resin) and fill in. This method is quite simple and fast done, but is only suitable for very fine cracks.

Wider cracks and potholes need to be treated more intensively. For this purpose, the surrounding loose plaster removed and the ground re-primed. Only after can fill holes and cracks become. The filling material to be used depends on the amount to be filled and may consist of normal plaster, fine mortar or other filler.

Still working cracks should not simply be plastered again, as they occur again and again. In this case, the cause must be replaced by a Professional detected and eliminated become.

The Preventing the introduction of silicone or acrylic sealants Although a further penetration of moisture, but is only a temporary solution. Only when the cause has been eliminated, a complete renovation of the facade can be done.

Apply facade primer and primer

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: prepare

A primer can be easily applied with the ceiling brush.

Blankets and carefully paste windowpanes and frames, sills and doors from. Then prime with solvent-free facade primer.

First, perform a test coat: Does the façade base catch? They recognize that the surface does not shinebut looks dull after drying. If this is not the case and you get a visible surface gloss, then vthinn the façade ground with 15 to 20% water, if necessary and more depending on the manufacturer's instructions.

Then you can do the Facade ground once full with the ceiling brush Apply. The drying time is then 4 to 6 hours.

For the primer, you can also dilute the facade paint: To do so, add 0.5 l of water to each 10 l of paint. Wear the color with one special facade scooter on. He galso guarantees on heavily structured plaster a coherent protective layer.

An order with the Brush or quast is only in corners and edges makes sense, it takes too much time on the large area and often becomes more uneven.

Always roll cohesive surfaces wet and wet. Work never in strong sunlight or on very hot daysotherwise the fast drying of the paint will easily cause streaks or visible transitions. On the other hand, you should Also do not paint at temperatures below + 5° Cbecause the paint does not adhere to such cold and forms micro-cracks.

Apply top coat

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: facade

The rolling up of the final coat should no longer cause any problems. Important: Use a special facade roller, which also gets into the plaster pits with its fiber structure.

You first have to thoroughly dry the primer. Then you can use the weatherproof paint or the chosen paint undiluted if possible with a suitable facade scooter Apply. When choosing the right paint, our article helps to paint facades.

Do the same as with the primer and Also note the temperature and weather conditions, In this second round you should already work routinely by the hand.

Multi-colored facade paintings

If yours House façade painted in two or more colors, should the Primer over the entire surface go. This gives you a coherent protective layer. Then you can set off individual façade areas in color.

So you do not do too much here and good for the good a harmonious result achieve, is recommended before making a sketch, An even better impression of the effect you get when you photographed the house and then tried in an image editing program on the computer color settings and the color distribution.

Some Areas are almost always different in color painted. To include pedestals, window sills and possibly structurally set frames on windows and doors. For this purpose you should use floor and concrete paint.

Renovate historic facades

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: facade

A real gem: the restored building after completion of insulation work and the faithful facade design.

Working on historic facades requires a safe Flair for a time-typical coloring and design.

Even if the house in question is not a listed building, you can do that Conversation with the competent monument protection authority search - there are often right here sound advice on design issues and for successful integration into the environment of the building.

If one is not completely sure about the condition of the building, the used building materials and the compatibility of the underground with modern colors, one should at least in the Planning phase a specialist company hto bring in, the Experience with restoration projects can show.

Since the variety of buildings, architectural styles and facades hardly allows generally valid statements, we show here for example a successful renovation in Kiel.

In the pictured condominium was under a contemporary insulation measure also restored the color scheme of the original facade - in the typical Hanseatic style with red clinker, light plaster and an accent facades ornamentation, Previously, the building had been hidden behind suspended fiber cement panels for 30 years.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: paint

Often it is the details that require extra attention. Decorative elements like here the sun on the right gable also want to be renovated in style.

Historical buildings often carry too rich building jewelrywhich sometimes only becomes visible again during a refurbishment. As in this case, as can be seen in the illustrated gable decoration.

Such Jewelry elements must also be restored in terms of material and style In some cases, repairing or adding missing pieces is also required. You want to play it safe and it is a House of appropriate value, you can address a restorer. Relevant addresses of experts usually know architects who are familiar with the preservation of historic buildings, or of course the monument protection authorities.

The example object shows how concise building tabs and bay window the building line subdivide. This can make a facade renovation in such a case quite expensive.

So here should be sufficient time scheduled become; In addition, it makes sense to one Construction schedule for the most efficient processing of the individual sections. Note also the details - like the profiled window surrounds, the latticed window sills and the stucco ornaments.

Facade Renovation: Check, Prepare, Paint: prepare

The ornaments on the front door have also been reconstructed. The fact that there is a contemporary insulation under the clinker and the reliefs, one would not suspect when looking at the facade.

The basis for the renovation was in our example StoTherm Vario. This is a composite thermal insulation system that uses a POlystyrene insulation with a mineral plaster structure combines. The system is well suited for a façade design not only with plaster, but also with ceramic or natural stone.

The smooth facade surfaces of the apartment building were plastered during the renovation and completely coated with lotusan. This color leaves Dirt easily with the rain from their microstructured surface bead off, so the house facades remain so very long clean.

The projecting parts of the building were painted white in this project, while the previous areas were painted in a yellow tone. Both The remaining façade surfaces were covered with real clinker strips above the insulating layer made of burned clay appropriate.

The window surrounds and bay base were with the help of Profiles from a mineral recycled granulate (StoDeco profiles) reconstructed.

At the restored sun in the section before has the executive operation traditional stucco work with modern materials combined: The face of the sun was modeled by the craftsman, the corresponding rays he made with the deco profiles.

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