Fire protection for your own four walls

Safety for every area thanks to different fire extinguishers

Fire protection for your own four walls: protection

Through preventive measures, fires in the house can be largely excluded, but not completely prevented. Every fire has its own chemical processes and processes due to the multitude of flammable substances. Therefore, it is important to always be well prepared for a possible incident. There are no universal extinguishers for every fire. Portable fire extinguishers can be filled with powder, water, foam or carbon dioxide. The extinguishing agent must always be adapted to the respective fuel in order to achieve an optimum extinguishing effect.


The following fire classes are distinguished:

to Fire class A are fires of solid matter, mainly of organic nature, which burn with formation of embers, such. As wood, paper, straw, textiles, coal, car tires.

The Fire class B includes fires of liquids or liquids, e.g. Gasoline, benzene, oils, varnishes, tar, ether, alcohol, stearin or paraffin.

In the Fire class C fires are classified as gases, e.g. Methane, propane, hydrogen, natural gas or town gas.

To combat fires of fire class A, B and C, powder extinguishers have proven to be the best. The powder is located in a steel container and is there under pressure of the propellant nitrogen (permanent pressure extinguisher) or is only in use by the separated accommodated propellant carbon dioxide pressurized (charge extinguisher). Permanent pressure extinguishers are cheaper for the consumer, but more expensive to maintain.

Fire protection for your own four walls: fire

Fire extinguishers belong to a place that is known to every resident and accessible to all tenants.

GLORIA extinguishers are available with 1, 2, 6, 9 and 12 kg extinguishing agent content. They belong to a permanent, accessible place that all family members or residents know. Only checked fire extinguishers guarantee operational safety, therefore they should be serviced by a knowledgeable customer service after two years at the latest. The address can be found under the heading "Fire extinguishing systems and devices" in the yellow pages.

Everyone should be familiar with the handling and function of the equipment. Several smaller and medium-sized GLORIA fire extinguishers distributed in the house, can sometimes be used faster in case of fire than a large device. In any commercial operation, the authorities will ensure that there are enough fire extinguishers in the right places to increase overall safety.

Fire extinguisher for the private apartment

Fire protection for your own four walls: fire

With fire extinguishers fires can be fought fast and targeted.

In contrast, every homeowner has the freedom to provide adequate fire protection. This topic is still a very big "weak spot" in many houses. Especially electrical appliances in the kitchen, such as stove, dishwasher, coffee maker, toaster, washing machine, etc., are often the cause of a fire. According to statistical studies, every fifth fire of electricity plays a decisive role in the development of fire.

In addition, television and electrical appliances as well as electric blankets have to be reckoned with an increased fire hazard; as well as the careless handling of burning candles or with matches at the open fireplace. Since fire-resistant tools and materials are used in various handicrafts, the fire risk should not be underestimated here as well.

The storage of lubricants, tires, vehicle electrics and electrical tools is generally carried out in the garage and involves an increased risk of fire. In oil, gas and electric heating systems should always be optimally prevented.

In many cases, a genesis fire is recognized in time, but then lacks for quick and successful fight a fire extinguisher. Fire protection experts therefore recommend a powerful fire extinguisher for every home and apartment, as preventive fire protection protects your property and your family. In addition, preventive fire protection is a contribution to environmental protection.

Buy fire extinguishers at the hardware store or by mail order

Fire protection for your own four walls: protection

There are also fire extinguishers to buy in hardware stores. (Photo: OBI)

Mobile handheld fire extinguishers for household or the car you get now also easily in hardware stores such. Obi or in the relevant home improvement mail order business such as the Westfalia shipping. These hardware store fire extinguishers can also be used in the commercial sector. Decisive here are the safety certificates and DIN standards, because a DIN EN 3 corresponding fire extinguisher can also be used in companies.

If you want to use the fire extinguishers in the private sector, the regular check every two years is not officially required. However, the maintenance test is also highly recommended at home, as it ensures that the fire extinguisher in an emergency also works as desired.

Recommended sites: If the fire extinguishers are not clearly visible on the wall (e.g., in the hallway), make sure that all family members know where the fire extinguisher is stored. For houses with their own boiler room, it makes sense to position the fire extinguisher there.

Types of use of household fire extinguishers

Fire protection for your own four walls: protection

Smoke detectors belong in every apartment. They alarm with unusually much smoke.

Smoke detectors, the installation of which is already mandatory in many federal states today, warn of toxic smoke by acoustic signals. But what if there is no fire extinguisher ready to extinguish the fire?

Those who want to protect themselves reliably from the consequences of a fire in their homes therefore need both: smoke detectors for early detection and fire extinguishers for the rapid control of fires.

Fire extinguisher types for different uses

However, there are different devices for different applications and locations: about ABC powder extinguishers, which are suitable for solid, liquid and gaseous substances whose fine salt mixture, however, spreads throughout the room, penetrates into each space and thus provides additional damage or foam extinguisher, which smother a fire - without major impurities - and cool it, but only delete solid and liquid substances.

However, these two types of fire extinguishers are completely unsuitable for fat burning, as they can occur in the kitchen or fondue. Here so far only so-called helped Grease fire extinguisher the fire class F.

Universal household fire extinguishers also extinguish fat burns

Fire protection for your own four walls: walls

Fire extinguishers are also available in handy sizes.

New on the market is now a universal household fire extinguisher, which can erase as a real "all-rounder" both solid materials, such as wood or upholstery, as well as the most dangerous fat burns. This fire extinguisher is so small and handy that it can be easily operated by anyone. The compact 3-liter extinguisher is offered nationwide by the company IFS Ideal Feuerschutz Service GmbH from Berlin.

The innovative extinguishing agent is a colorless and odorless, aqueous solution, which is made from raw materials of the food industry and is completely non-toxic. The extinguishing agent has a strong impregnating effect, which prevents the fire from re-igniting. It can be used selectively - without, as in the case of powder, entire floors being soiled and damaged. Rather, a dense foam blanket is created, which can later be removed without damage from almost all materials.

The extinguishing agent is applied fog-like and has an above-average coverage and increased safety when extinguishing electrical systems up to 1,000 volts. However, a minimum distance of one meter must be observed.

By the way, a good location for fire extinguishers is the bedroom. Awakened by the smoke detector, you can go from there directly with the household fire extinguisher in hand to the place of the conflagration and protect both his belongings and the family and himself from reaching out of the flames.

Expert tip: Some building and household insurances grant considerable discounts on the contributions when installing smoke detectors, so that this saving can finance both smoke detectors and household fire extinguishers. Subsequently, this saves each year. Here you should talk best with his insurer.

Small glossary about fire extinguishers

Fire extinguisher is not the same as a fire extinguisher. Not only in the commercial fire protection sector, but also for the home user at home, there are now a wealth of different offers, which differ mainly in the choice of extinguishing agents. And not every fire extinguisher is suitable for every fire.

Below we give an overview of the most important extinguishers and their extinguishing agents.

Grease fire extinguisher (grease fire extinguisher)

The grease extinguisher is one of the special fire extinguishers and is primarily intended for use in the catering industry. One recognizes a fat fire extinguisher at the inscription "Suitable for extinguishing cooking oil and edible fatty spirits ", These fire extinguishers are specially designed for extinguishing burning frying oil, cooking oil and cooking oil.

ATTENTION: Under no circumstances should you try to extinguish a fat burn with water. The water would evaporate explosively in the hot fat. Even fire blankets are completely unsuitable for combating fat burning.

Advantages of grease fire extinguishers: Suitable for fire class A and for fire class F (edible oil or fat burns).

Disadvantages of grease fire extinguishers: No easy refilling of the extinguishing agent.

Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers

Fire protection for your own four walls: fire

Protect your belongings and your family with adequate fire protection.

The gas carbon dioxide displaces the oxygen and deprives the fire so the food. Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are particularly suitable for combating liquid fires in enclosed spaces. In contrast to the powder extinguishers, the CO2 extinguishers can also be used without problems in electrical systems, since carbon dioxide is electrically non-conductive. However, when extinguishing with carbon dioxide, particular attention must be paid to health protection. With an air content of over 8% CO2 leads to shortness of breath, dizziness, vomiting, respiratory arrest and unconsciousness.

Advantages of carbon dioxide fire extinguishers: Carbon dioxide evaporates without residue and is therefore particularly suitable for fire situations in electrical installations, computer centers or offices as well as rooms with high-quality furnishings.

Disadvantages carbon dioxide fire extinguisher: Only suitable for interiors. Health hazard from carbon dioxide. Just Fire class B.

Powder extinguisher (powder fire extinguisher)

Most powder extinguishers use "ABC powder" as the extinguishing agent. It is a finely powdered salt mixture, with which the fire is cooled, fogged and suffocated.

Advantages of powder extinguishers: Very effective and reliable fire extinguishing. Suitable for fire classes A, B and C (burning gases).

Disadvantages of powder extinguishers: The extinguishing agent damage is very high. The sprayed fine dust powder spreads extremely, which means that after the fire not only the fire area, but also all adjacent areas must be cleaned. The ABC powder can also penetrate electrical equipment and corrode metal elements. Therefore, powder fire extinguishers are unsuitable for office space or technical facilities.

Foam extinguisher

Fire protection for your own four walls: protection

Suitable for fire class A and B

Foam extinguishers are used wherever fires of solid substances of organic nature as well as fires of liquid or liquefying substances have to be controlled. This is often the case in industrial or craft enterprises. Foam fire extinguishers are also used in offices.

Advantages of foam extinguishers: Foam fire extinguishers are environmentally friendly and inexpensive. Extinguishing agent residues are limited to the fire surface itself and do not affect the wider environment.

Disadvantages of foam extinguishers: The extinguishing agent damage is almost as high as the water extinguisher. Unsuitable for frost-prone areas and fire class C.

Water extinguisher (water fire extinguisher)

As the name already suggests, the water extinguisher quenches classic with water. In the case of water extinguishers, it is not the quantity of water that determines the extinguishing success, but the nature of the surface of the water droplets. The water extinguisher releases the water as a mist. This is due to the high pressure built up when the fire extinguisher is triggered in the tank.

The fine droplets can then absorb the heat energy of the fire.

Disadvantages of the water extinguisher: It is only suitable for extinguishing solid fuels, such as wood or substances (fire class A). In addition, one sometimes adds another fire damage to the fire damage.

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