Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden

Pseudomonas as a flowering ornamental shrub in the garden

Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden: cultivate

The ornamental quince is like as flowering ornamental shrub in the home garden two species that thrive optimally in our climatic zones are particularly popular.

The Chaenomeles japonica, originally from Japan, and the Chaenomeles speciosa from China.

The Chinese ornamental Quince has a much stronger growth and blooms only in April, a month later than the Japanese Quiros. If both species are crossed, botanists speak of Chaenomeles x superba.

In addition, the die fruits of ornamental quince edible like real quince, they are gladly processed to jam or homeopathic remedies. On fresh quince juice tastes refreshing and reminiscent of citrus fruits.

In the following article we will show you how to plant and care for your ornamental quince.

Ornamental quinces bring color and scent to the garden

Ornamental quinces not only develop on their branches fantastic bright flowersbut with their fragrance they also attract many insects in the spring garden.

In autumn, the Fruits yellow and bring radiant color accents in the bare and dark garden.

Take advantage of the armoatic fragrance of the "Lemons of the North" and pick some of the hard fruits already in early autumn. Place the Put the quince in a small bowl and place it in the living room on the heater for optimal scent distribution without harmful additives.

Claims and ideal location of the ornamental quince

Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden: garden

The ornamental quince prefers compacted soil and a bright location.

The Zierquitte is generally considered easy-care and undemanding, The ornamental wood forms some strong roots that reach deep into the soil.

Here then arises a multiplicity at smaller, tender roots, the one create extensive network in the soil, That's how the shrub becomes especially firm and little susceptible to unpleasant wind throws.

Ideally plant Your ornamental quince Beginning of October or from April to a sunny to partially shaded location with well ventilated, deep soil.

If the soil is too strong solidified, the shrub forms only a few, late blooms, because the fine root network is difficult to spread.

tip: Experts generally recommend an autumn planting, now has the ornamental shrub over the winter still enough time to train new roots.

The quirks tolerates regular irrigationbut no standing moisture. If the soil is prone to waterlogging, undermining can be helpful Mulch or compost for better drainage to care.

In addition, low-soil should be treated in spring with additional fertilization.

Ornamental Quince in the garden as a shrub or hedge plant

Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden: plant

For optimal plant growth, the quince needs sufficient sunshine.

In optimal climatic conditions and a good soil condition can Zierquitten bulging and strikingly tall, Therefore, it is important to ensure a sufficiently large planting distance in the bed even before the planting of solitary plants so that smaller neighboring plants are not shaded unnecessarily.

tip: Ornamental hedges are generally set at a planting distance of one meter, so they are sufficiently opaque and stay healthy.

Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden: garden

The ornamental quince flowers between April and May.

Before planting a planting hole is dug, ideally the five times the size of the root ball having. Slightly loosen the bottom of the planting hole and insert one with a heavily compacted substrate Drainage layer of expanded clay or pebbles added. This effectively prevents waterlogging.

Before insertion, the root ball is freed of dead or damaged root remnants and well watered. Lift the root ball out of the pot and place it in the planting hole. If a net is around the root area, it is cut open in the planting hole and removed.

Then fill the hole again with the excavation, if necessary, this can be prepared in advance with manure or compost become. In addition, lightly touch the earth, creating a depression. Here can now be watered extensively.

tip: Experts recommend an additional bark mulch layer on Earth for optimal water retention.

Trim the quince

Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden: chaenomeles

bud
The ornamental quince flowers on two-year shoots.

When cutting measures on the decorative quince generally applies: Better cut less, The bright flowers form on two-year-old, woody shoots, the young and green ones remain flowerless.

A first cut occurs in the slow-growing shrubs therefore only in the third year. Yourself crossing branches or obliquely inwardly growing shoots can be cut at any time to ensure an optimal shape.

Between May and June, the shoot tips are carefully cut after floweringbefore in autumn the old or dried up wood finally cut off close to the hibernation before hibernation becomes.

As part of a rejuvenation cut, one third of all branches are cut. Also work inside the shrub to get here Suppressing wildness by cross-striving branches.

If this cut is repeated every year, the shrub is after Three years ago it rejuvenates and bears especially many flowers and numerous fruits in the autumn.

tip: Hedges are allowed to grow wild, so they are more transparent. If you want a shapely hedge, you must count on significantly fewer flowers in the following year, as the ornamental shrub forms many young shoots on which no flower buds form. For a blooming, dense hedge the garden friend therefore needs a lot of time and patience.

Hibernate the ornamental shrub properly

Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden: plant

The Asian ornamental quince is hardy and therefore very easy to care for.

The Asian quirk is used to cold temperatures. That's the way most people are Ornamental quente species for gardening up to -30° C hardy, An awkward repotting or covering with brushwood, nonwovens or similar winter protection measures is omitted in this ornamental wood.

tip: If it comes to sunny frostbites without snowfall or precipitation, the ornamental quince should also be watered during hibernation.

The quince is especially pretty from autumn onwards: now the approx. 5 centimeters large, bright yellow fruitswho have a strong Contrast to the dark wood and eye-catching be in the conservatory.

These fruits are eaten by hungry birds and other animals. Even for humans, the ornamental quince fruits are edible.

Consume fancy quinces

Plant and cultivate Quince (Chaenomeles) in the garden: quince

The ornamental quinces can be consumed raw or further processed.

Quirky quinces can produce yellow or red fruitsthat count among the apple fruits. These quinces show up in autumn on the bare branches of the ornamental shrub.

Raw are the Fruits extremely hard, they soften after a first strong frost and can be processed more gently. Nevertheless, they can also be eaten without any problems already in autumn.

Quails are very healthy: yours Sugar content is very low, but they have a lot of vitamin C. and are therefore particularly well suited for a vitamin kick in the cold winter.

The fruits are pressed into juice, which reminds in the taste of lemon juice. Alternatively, the Quince also to jelly or jam boil.

Raw, the fruits are long-lasting in a cool and dry storage.

tip: It is advisable not to harvest all fruits at once. Leave some fruit for small animals on the bush. In winter you can watch many birds and other garden visitors nibbling on the yellow quince.

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Video Board: How to Grow Flowering Quince