Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: care

Gold bells as early bloomers in their own garden

The forsythia is in the People also gold bells or gold pasture called, as they already shine in the spring with their bright yellow flowers the still wintry garden. Therefore, the applies Flowering shrub of the olive family also as a messenger of spring and Easter.

But even after flowering, the evergreen shrub continues to beautify your garden with its numerous rich green leaves. The Frugal spring bloomers are thus ideal for hedge planting in the garden, but also a Kübelhaltung is possible with small-sized Forsythiensorten.

Learn more about the following information proper cultivation and targeted care of gold bells in their own garden.

Forsythienvielfalt for the domestic cultivation

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: properly

Small forsythia varieties are ideal for potted planting on the balcony.

The forsythia bushes are found in many public parks and native gardens. They are especially popular as they are already in the early spring develop their yellow flowers and very robust and easy to care fort are.

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: forsythia

Forsythia can be planted well as a hedge and serve as a bright yellow screen.

The flowering shrub is one of the fast-growing plant species and can reach a height and width of up to 400 cm to reach. If the gold bell is planted as a flowering hedge in combination with other ornamental shrubs, it becomes a natural screen.

Even after flowering remains Shrub an eye-catcher in the gardenbecause from May, when the yellow flowers gradually decline, the evergreen plant forms numerous leaves.

Hobby gardeners can be between thirteen cultivated species which differ particularly in their growth form and thus in their intended use.

Gold bells for a container planting on the balcony

Gold bells are undemanding shrubs and can be both in the field and in the bucket plant. If you want to grow the blooming wood on the balcony, you can rely on a specially bred dwarf forsythia, which reach a height of maximum of 150 cm.

Danger: Forsythia are considered to be frugal, however, solitary plants in the pots are much more intensive care than shrubs in the field.

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: grow

The forsythia smoke becomes an eye-catcher in the wintry garden. Plant early bloomers such as crocus in the immediate vicinity and achieve attractive color contrasts.

For one Container planting on the balcony or terrace have the following types of forsythia especially proven:

  1. The shrub of the variety Mini gold grows up to 150 cm high and about 130 cm wide. The popular dwarf forsythia makes golden flowers, while the leaves turn dark yellow in the fall. The plant is hardy.
  2. The new breed Mikador has a compact habit and only gets up to 100 cm high. The ornamental shrub forms numerous branches and can bloom into June. Also this dwarf forsythia is hardy.
  3. A special feature is the Schneeforsythie, Its white flowers exude an aromatic scent reminiscent of almonds. The shrub reaches a height of up to 150 cm and is ideal for container planting. The plant is less robust and needs adequate winter protection.

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: care

The forsythia are early bloomers and show their yellow flowers between March and May.

With a striking specimen plant you put targeted accents. In combination with other early flowering plants, such as crocuses or grape hyacinths, the flowering shrub looks particularly beautiful - the Underplanting achieved color contrasts bring life into the still wintry garden, Even between old trees the forsythia grows in the partial shade very well.

The fast-growing flowering shrubs are very tall and wide - a stature height of over 300 cm reach almost all garden forsythia, Therefore, the classic varieties are also suitable for a colorful hedge planting, because the evergreen ornamental shrub develops rich green leaves after flowering in spring and serves as a natural screen in late summer.

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: properly

Forsythia are hardy ornamental shrubs. Her yellow flowers are already visible in early spring.

The forsythia smoke becomes an eye-catcher in the wintry garden. Plant early bloomers such as crocus in the immediate vicinity and achieve attractive color contrasts.

To the three of the most popular forsythias for gardening include botanists the following varieties:

  1. The gold rush is a classic forsythia strain and grows up to 300 cm high and wide. The striking large flowers are bright yellow and open from the beginning of March. The shrub forms up to 12 cm long leaves in late summer and is hardy.
  2. The gold bells variety Weekend is with a stature height between 180 cm and 250 cm a medium high flowering shrub and very densely branched. The plant is robust and needs no additional winter protection.
  3. Forsythia of the variety spectabilis are often 300 cm high and up to 200 cm wide. Characteristic are the overhanging shoots with their pale yellow flowers. The plant is hardy and develops a showy autumn foliage color.

Claims and ideal location of gold bells

The forsythia are undemanding and at the same time robust ornamental shrubs and therefore particularly popular among inexperienced hobby gardeners. The ideal Planting is in spring, when the soil does not freeze, but also an autumn planting is possiblebecause the shrub is hardy.

The gold bells are happy about sufficient sunlight, but also thrives in partial shade still good. There are only a few requirements for the soil conditions, too water-permeable, nutrient-rich and calcareous soil is ideal.

tip: Use the desired look when selecting a location. Whether in front of a fence, on the terrace, between the old fruit trees or next to the garden gate - the forsythia thrive almost everywhere.

Plant forsythia properly - the ideal soil preparation

Be forsythia very high and expansiveIt is therefore crucial to pay attention to the correct planting distance. Plan a hedge planting, then be two bushes per meter set in the earth. In this way, they achieve a gapless hedge, which serves as a natural privacy screen throughout the year. Free watching Solitary plants should be a good meter apart be set to allow them healthy plant growth. The annual cutting measures are also easier to carry out if sufficient space has been planned.

tip: Plant your forsythia deliberately far apart, because even single shrubs are already developing their effect - with the ornamental shrub can set specific accents and invigorate predominantly dark garden corners.

If you have decided on a location in the garden, you will Planting hole dug twice the size of the root ball is. If the soil tends to waterlogged, a thin drainage layer is added to the planting hole to protect the sensitive roots from rot.

tip: For the drainage layer loosen the bottom of the planting hole with a grave fork and then cover it with gravel or small potsherds. Over this layer you give some garden soil, which you have mixed in advance with horn shavings.

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: care

Forsythia is robust and frugal. For light care, a sea of ​​yellow flowers awaits you.

Now put the plant bale in the prepared planting hole, put the excavation back in the hole and press everything well. A final watering makes it easier for the ornamental shrub to form roots and grow fast.

Maintain forsythia species-specific

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: yellow

Legal bird protection between March and September: Birds like to nest in dense hedges, so start with the cutting measures only from the beginning of October.

Gold bells are frugal plants and do not need additional fertilization become. Nevertheless, before the winter bring organic fertilizer such as compost or fresh humus into the earth's surface to support the early flowering. On sunny locations protects an additional mulching dehydration in the spring.

Forsythia in the garden are moderately cast. From time to time, gently loosen the soil with a rake to help drain the rain more easily.

In contrast to garden forsythia, potted plants need significantly more attention. Water the shrubs in the flowerpot regularly. Again, drainage above the drainage hole helps prevent waterlogging. Also pay attention to one additional winter protection, such as a special foil wrapped around the bucket is because some of the small-sized varieties react sensitive to cold.

Auslichtungs- and maintenance section in forsythia

The yellow ornamental shrub blooms on annual shoots. This means that you have the jPerform a seasonal maintenance cut immediately after flowering need to get that Develop flower buds on young shoots over the summer before it comes to a growth stop in winter.

Danger: Hedge cutting is prohibited by law between March 1st and September 31st, as many species of birds have built their nests in the woods. Therefore, wait at least until the beginning of October for the cutting work on forsythia hedges.

Forsythia - properly grow, cut and care for the yellow premature flowering plants: care

Cut off branches unfold their flowers after a few days.

It can be seen that in the Solitary plants do not nest birds, the shrubs are cut after flowering in June or Julyto promote shoot growth and maintain the flowering ability of the shrub. It is important to ensure that the strong, One-year shoots persist and cut by half, Over the summer they form the side shoots with the many flower buds, which will announce the beginning of spring next spring.

An additional clearing inside the bush prevents young shoots from becoming too long. Old branches are thereby freed of strong ramifications and shortened to a bud.

Forsythia are extremely cut friendly. Nevertheless, one is Radical pruning down to the ground is only recommended if the plant becomes ill or very old and shabby is. The ideal time for these cutting measures is the early spring, now the bush can invest all its power in the training of new, healthy and flowering shoots. However, flowering takes place only in the second year.

Dwarf forsythia are significantly weaker in comparison to garden species. On Conservation section should be performed every two to three years become. It is sufficient if isolated shoots are cut by one third.

In a post-flowering period, it is particularly important that the resulting cut surfaces are treated with wound wax or other sealants, the shrubs lose less sap and can recover faster.

tip: Cut off some branches on St. Barbara's Day, December 4th, and place them in a vase of water. Just in time for Christmas, the branches then unfold their full bloom.

Diseases and pests of gold bells

Gold bells are considered as largely robust and resistant, Occasionally, it can become one Bacterial infection come in the typical symptoms of small plant bile form. This disease is caused by the bacterium Rhodococcus fascians. Infested shrubs grow poorly and do not develop flowers. Remove affected branches, treatment with special sprays is not required.

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Video Board: Forsythia flowers time lapse