Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit

Completely build yourself 5-corner garden house

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: logs

It was already written in the Bible that every man should build a house in his life, plant a tree, and father a son. Building a complete house alone might be too long for even die-hard DIY enthusiasts, so we'll start small and show you how to do itBuild garden house yourself can. - Planting instructions for trees and sons to witness you can find elsewhere.

This is a blueprint for a pentagonalLog cabinWithtent roof and about 8.5 square meters of floor space. There are other types of construction, however, the logs used here have the advantage that they are characterized by theirdouble fold very easy to assemble, the walls are pretty tight and no wind whistles through, if the wood is slightly distorted.

The followingmaterial costsare approximate values. Depending on the dealer and negotiating skills, prices may sometimes differ significantly.

Material and tools

materialInformation Dimensions /amountPrice (approx.)
Cement and sand1 bag of cement and mason sand0.5 m³20 €
joistsSpruce, 70x70 mm26 m100 €
Logs with double foldSpruce, 50x146 mm, 131 mm deck width150 m500 €
Squared timbers for window and door framesSpruce, 50x50 mm12 m60 €
Boards for window and door framesSpruce, 18x120 mm22 m70 €
roof beamSpruce, construction wood, 50x70 mm35 m100 €
Floorboards / roof sheathingfolded, 18x146 mm, 136 mm cover size25 m²350 €
roof shinglesRectangular shingles made of bitumen, 2.5 mm thick15 m²150 €
edgingsFloor finish inside12 m25 €
screw
nails
wood glue
Color / stain
MATERIAL COSTS (approx.)1375 €

Windows and doors

The cost of the windows and doors are not included in this table.

Toolalternative
Cordless Screwdriver
different wood drills
bits
chop sawTable saw, circular saw
sword sawFine saw, Japan saw
chisel
hammer
Spades for the foundations
cement bucket
spirit leveltube level
ruler
pencil
angle iron

Material blank

All design drawings are based on exact three-dimensional models. However, we can not rule out minor errors, so not all parts should be completely cut before assembly. Instead, before each construction phase, you should prepare some parts and first check the fit, then there is still opportunity for minor adjustments.

Point foundations for the garden shed

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: house

Lay out the bearing beams for the garden shed on the foundation and screw them together.

Before construction must first a stable and frost-proof foundation be created for the garden shed. There are various possibilities for the implementation. One can

  1. plan and pave the ground plan (for example with simple square concrete slabs),
  2. a floor plate,
  3. a strip foundation or a
  4. point foundation to water.

We decided on the last variant because they offers more stability than a pavingwhich can settle over time, and is less expensive than a strip foundation or a whole bottom plate.

The floor space of the house has about three feet square. Accordingly, the point foundations must be arranged. There should be a point foundation at least under the five corner points of the house, on the long sides it is safer halfway between the corners each pour one more - so a total of seven foundations.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: logs

A frost-proof foundation must be at least 80 centimeters deep in our widths. To just lift the ground in the appropriate places. At about 30 centimeters square, the holes are large enough to allow them to dig comfortably. It is even more convenient to use a so-called auger, which can be borrowed from a hardware store. This tool drills clean, vertical holes that experience shows very stable foundations.

So that the cement blocks later protrude a few centimeters from the ground, the upper end of the holes is boarded with narrow boards. If the soil is sandy and loose, sometimes you even have to cover the whole hole to prevent earth from slipping. You should already use a long spirit level bring the upper edges of the formwork in the balance, the closer you work, the less you have to put in later, when the bearing beams are level.

Once the holes have been dug and the formwork mounted, the holes need only be filled to the top of the cement mix formwork. The mixture should be moist and tough, then it will not flow through the cracks of the formwork and you can clean it smooth. The mixture will Poured into the hole layer by layer and tamped in between with a squared timber or the like to prevent blistering.

Especially the foundation becomes resistant with reinforcing steel. Matching elongated steel baskets are available from specialist retailers. Simply press into the first concrete layer and align in the middle, then gradually fill the concrete in the hole. If necessary, occasionally wiggle a bit on the steel basket, so that the concrete can be distributed everywhere.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: build

Cutting the wall planks.

Although the garden house has a relatively high weight, it also offers by its size a lot of attack surface for the wind. To anchor it stably, either ground anchors should be pressed into the wet concrete and aligned. Alternatively, you can drill vertical holes in the foundations after curing, in the later dowels are set for a screwing of the bearing wood with the foundations. In each case one should underlay thin hardwood tiles or similar weather-resistant spacers so that moisture does not permanently form between the bearing timbers and the foundations, which permanently adds to the wood.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: logs

Notches on the wall planks.

The dot foundations take about two days to cure. In summer, when the weather is hot and dry, the surface of the concrete should be sporadically sprayed with some water to prevent it from cracking. During the waiting time, the bearing wood and the first wall elements can be cut to size.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: completely

Fit of the wall elements.

The wall elements are notched on both sides with 10 centimeters of protrusion at the ends, as shown in the picture. The Height offset for crosswise overlapping is achieved by starting two opposite sides with narrower elements. The recesses fit then exactly at the ends and are very stable from the beginning.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: build

First, the bottom planks are cut and screwed, then aligned.

Once the foundations have hardened, the bearing blocks are screwed together and the frame is then placed on the point foundations. Then the first two to three rows of planks are mounted and screwed diagonally through the head ends or vertically in the notches with each other and with the frame timbers. The planks should Tightened carefully with a rubber mallet Be careful not to damage the springs. You can also use a short piece of screed as a scraper. Before screwing you should pre-drill to prevent the wood from tearing and splitting.

Are the first rows mounted the whole art work with flat blocks brought into the balance, In this case, weather-resistant documents, such as hardwood or plastic blocks, should be thickened. So-called "glazing blocks" are helpful in many home improvement problems and cheap in different strengths to get in stores.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: house

After aligning the floor frame, the wall boards become one after the other put on, tapped and screwed. If you want to make the construction even more stable, you can join the planks with waterproof wood glue. Simply draw a line of white glue into the grooves, knock the elements together and wipe off excess glue. Only longitudinal timber may be glued with longitudinal wood, because the wood expands to different extents along the length and width of the fiber, and cracks may occur if longitudinal timber is glued to end grain.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: completely

Cutting the elements for the window sides.

After six rows, the height of the window openings is reached. On the (from the entrance seen) left side, which consists exclusively of wide planks and does not start with a narrow one, like the right side (see photos!), Receives as the sixth element a plank with a window cutout. The lower edge of this window section is after assembly exactly at the height of the top edge the sixth wall screed on the other side of the window, which therefore does not have to be cut to size.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: completely

Frame construction for the windows.

There are now seven short planks on each side of the window. Already after the third short screed, the previously mounted window frames can be pushed into the recess from above and screwed down. The screed elements above the windows have a section on both sides, If the windows are completely enclosed, the walls are almost finished. Another "normal" row of boards, then comes the upper wall frame's turn.

Cutting and assembly of the upper wall frame

The Elements for the upper wall frame are also the front 3.20 meters long, thus forming the front roof overhang. The entire wall panel consists of five long elements, two of which receive notches for the roof beams at regular intervals, and twelve short boards whose spacing also provides space for the roof beams. Cutting and assembly take place as shown in the pictures.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: completely

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: garden

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: house

Notches on the corners

Before the roof beams can be put on, notches must be made at the corners. This can be done before the boards are installed with a sword, fine or Japanese saw be made, or after installation with dip saw and chisel. Especially at the corners should be worked as accurately as possible so that the roof beams are already stable when hanging up. As a result, the installation of the roof construction is greatly facilitated.

Cutting and installation of the roof construction

For the roof truss, all parts are first sawn as shown. The mitres at the top ends of the roof beams should be carried out very carefully. Even small inaccuracies can later be reason for fiddly patchwork.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: completely

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: house

The four long beams running from the corners to the middle become one-sided provided with a miter of about 69 degrees (for a roof pitch of 21 degrees). If you want to let the lower beam ends run out vertically, you can also miter accordingly.

Two of these bars are now opposite to a small, about 8x5 centimeter wooden block screwed and then placed diagonally on the wall frame. If the notches in the corners of the end elements have been made well, the construction also stops without supports. If not, you can help with small wedges.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: house

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: build

This is followed by the second pair of roof beams. They are simply placed in the notches of the remaining corners and also bolted to the block in the later rooftop. The basic framework for the roof truss is ever. before the other beams are screwed on, measure the supernatant of the beam ends of the screed wall, aligns them if necessary, and screwed them to the plank walls. - If the overhang is the same everywhere, the construction is also straight and the rooftop is just above the center of the ground.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: garden

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: logs

Then be the remaining beams are mounted one after the other. Here, cropping is a bit more complicated because you have to cut twice at the top ends. Once for the slope and once for the bearing surface to the adjacent roof beams. Anyone who does not trust these steps can have the beams cut by the carpenter, who has a joinery and / or the necessary craftsmanship.

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: house

Screw on the roof formwork

If the roof construction is complete, it goes to the roof formwork. Now the work is easier again: The 18 centimeters used here strong, simply folded boards are placed starting from the bottom on one side of the roof construction, at the center of the outer beams diagonally drawn, sawn off and screwed on.

Lay the floor

Garden house itself build from logs - completely self-made without kit: logs

The floor of the garden house consists of the same boards as the roof formwork and is laid floating across the bearing beams. Starting from 190 centimeters inside and just under a centimeter of air on both sides, should the boards are 188 centimeters long his. This small distance to the walls is important for the wood to expand. It starts at the back (seen from the entrance on the wall at the back right).

With small, about one centimeter thick blocks or wedges the distance of the boards to the walls is ensured. One board after the other is pushed onto the spring of the previous board and - if necessary - carefully tapped with a rubber mallet or a block.

As soon as the later threshold, which is at a 45-degree angle is reached over corner, the boards are cut flush with the outer edge of the diagonal bearing wood. Care should be taken here because the waste can be used for the roof paneling of the triangular roof overhang.

Pin roof shingles

To be final the shingles made of bitumen nailed up. Each roof side is processed one after the other from bottom to top. The shingles at the bottom of the roof should survive three to four centimeters, so that rainwater can drip off without coming into contact with the wood.

The beaver tails of the roof shingles always show up and only here is nailed. The next shingle is nailed laterally offset by half a shingle. When a row is completed, the overhangs along the side edges of the roof surface are cut flush with a sharp knife. The next row overlaps the beaver tails of the first. Thus, row by row is moved on all four sides of the roof.

The gaps between the roof surfaces are only bridged with shingles at the very end, which are cut to a point. The first shingle becomes the right angle pressed centrally over corner on the groove and cut off along the adjacent roof surfaces. This shingle then serves as a template for the others, which can be prepared in the required number on the ground - which makes the work easier.

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