Cultivate gerbera

Cultivate gerbera

The gerbera is one of the most popular flowers of the genus of daisy family (Asteraceae). It is especially known as a long-stemmed cut flower, but it is also available as a short-stemmed potted plant. As a houseplant she is very dependent on care. Previously known as the African or Ethiopian Aster, it was first described in 1737 by the Dutchman Frank Frederik Gronovius, who named it in honor of the medical and botanist Traugott Gerber. Because of their similarity with daisies they were sometimes called "Barberton Daisy". How to save yourself the way to a florist and to cultivate your own gerbera, you can find out here.

Gerberablüte

Contents: Maintain Gerbera

  • Properties of gerbera
  • Care and location
  • Multiply gerbera
  • The gerbera as a cut flower
  • Typical diseases

Properties of gerbera

The gerbera is a perennial, not hardy, herbaceous plant whose petal-shaped flowers grow on long leafless stems. Her juicy-green leaves are serrated at the tips and slightly hairy. In nature, there are about 30 species, other breeds - so-called hybrids - are mostly crosses of Gerbera jamesonii and South African species, such as the Gerbera viridifolia.

Gerbera plants are available in all imaginable colors. Especially the multicolored varieties are a great eye-catcher in the garden, on the balcony and as a fresh-summer table decoration. Even in gift bouquets for all kinds of occasions gerberas have their place.

Multi-colored gerbera hybrid

Multi-colored gerbera

Differences are the large-flowered standard gerberas with a flower diameter of about 13 centimeters and the small-flowered mini gerberas, whose flowers are less than 9 cm in size. Similar to lilies of the valley, gerbera plants have an underground rhizome that is used for reproduction in summer and energy storage in winter.

Commercially available seeds germinate best at a temperature of 22 to 24° C. Alternatively, you can fall back on preferred young plants, they may move after the ice saints in the garden.

Care and location

Unlike lilies of the valley, gerberas are not winter proof and are best wintered in a cool but bright location. The temperature should always be above 12° C. Due to their demands on humidity and brightness, indoor gerbera care is not that easy. From April to September, the gerbera prefers the garden

As her African origin suggests, she needs a lot of light and should be placed in full sun in summer. During the growing season, the gerbera needs a lot of water and thrives best in high humidity. Therefore, daily use in moderation and use loose and sandy substrate, because the Gerbera tolerates no waterlogging. Never let the soil dry out and regularly spray generously the entire Gerbera plant. In addition, a little bit of liquid fertilizer should be added weekly to the irrigation water - the gerbera will thank you and bloom for a long time.

Multiply gerbera

Gerbera belongs to the daisy family.

Gerbera flower head

Gerberas can be raised from seed in February or September. As the germination rate decreases quickly, be sure to use fresh seed. In addition to sowing, so-called "root division" in older plants is recommended as a reproductive method. Quotation in root quotes because the rhizome is not strictly a root.

In this propagation method, the stem axis of the rhizome is divided with a clean, sharp knife and put the obtained cutting into normal potting soil, whereupon the plant expels again from the buds of the separated cuttings again. Keep the soil moist, but not too wet, so that many new roots form quickly.

Tip from the professional:

Older plants bloom less beautiful. It therefore makes sense to regularly grow young plants in order to enjoy the fresh flowers all year round.

The gerbera as a cut flower

Since gerberas bloom from April to September, they can be cut throughout the summer. When you buy cut gerberas, you will recognize the "degree of ripeness" from the inner flower rings: if only the stamens of the outer rings are developed, they are just right.

As divine as gerbera can be as a houseplant, it is as robust as a cut flower and makes up to two weeks in the vase a good figure. Florists often wrap the long stem with flower wire. As a result, it does not break off, the water supply is ensured and the flower stays fresh longer. In addition, it is advisable to change the water every day and fill in only about 3 cm of water in the vase to avoid softening and premature rotting of the stem.

Typical diseases

The most common disease in gerberas is the Gerberafäule, The leaves and stems turn pale green to gray-brown and the plant rots. The most common causes are too humid or too acid substrate, too much fertilizer and too low temperatures. If the plants are too tight, or the air circulation is too weak, can also gray occur. In both cases, diseased plants should be disposed of immediately.

Video Board: Cultivation - Life Cycle of Gerbera Flower