Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden

Plant and vegetable cultivation in the own greenhouse

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: greenhouse

You want Vegetables from our own garden enjoy? Home-grown herbs and vegetables are usually untreated and always come fresh to the table. But before that happens, there must be a greenhouse.

This home improvement set up either as a freestanding or leaning building and consists of a translucent construction such as glass or transparent plastic. This creates the so-called glasshouse effect, which raises the temperatures inside quickly, so that the vegetables ripen faster than in a garden bed. In addition, it is protected there from rain and hail.

It is also suitable also for wintering of plants and flowers. You see, there are many good reasons to build such a house yourself.

Greenhouses of all sizes

There are glasshouses and greenhouses in many different sizes and shapes, so you should first ask yourself what you want to grow. Should it just be a few tomatoes and cucumbers? Does it only have to be enough for a small family or is a larger supply of fresh vegetables needed? Or should the greenhouse even serve as a new hobby? Depending on the size of the house can be in a variety of different plants, flowers, fruits, vegetables and herbs breed and drive.

Either you buy a finished kit in the garden and construction market or you decide on the home improvement variant: To build the greenhouse itself.

The right plants and vegetables

Greenhouses are suitable especially for vegetable growing. Finally, you allow the cultivation of vegetables already six weeks before the usual sowing time. If you want to grow early, you can choose between many different vegetables.

These include z. B.:

  • eggplant
  • artichokes
  • beans
  • cucumbers
  • potatoes
  • cabbage
  • carrots
  • paprika
  • pepperoni
  • leek
  • radish
  • spinach
  • tomatoes
  • zucchini
  • onions

Of course you can get more varieties and local salads plants such as lettuce or endive. If you also want to have herbs in the garden, you can use dill, parsley or even cress.

Tips for building a greenhouse

If you build a hothouse yourself, it should if possible higher than two meters and have a pointed roof - because so optimal growth conditions for the plants can be guaranteed. A pointed roof is important because low-rise buildings and low houses heat up too quickly on the one hand, but can not store the heat well on the other.

The right place for the greenhouse

When it comes to the question how such a cottage should be positioned you have to pay attention to many things to use the appropriate direction for your own benefit. Therefore, you should first consider which plants should be driven. How early in the year do you want to start? And what material does the greenhouse consist of? Made of glass or double-wall sheets?

For a glass house is one northern or southern placement particularly advantageous. For as the sun rises in the east, the glass plates are heated quickly, while at noon, when the sun is in the south, it stands lengthwise against the sun and absorbs less heat. As soon as the sun begins to sink in the west, the last rays of sunshine from the greenhouse are fully exploited.

Greenhouses made of double-skin sheets bring most, if you position them east or west. Above all, if you want to start early with the breed, this variant offers. Because early in the year, the light from the southeast and west, so that the greenhouse would be with the broad side to the south and thereby absorbs most of the light.

Protect greenhouse from wind

To prevent the house from being cooled by the wind, it should be placed in a windproof location. At the same time you should also pay attention to it not directly under big trees provides. On the one hand there is too much shadow and on the other falling branches and branches can cause unpleasant surprises.

The foundation: pros and cons of different types

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: greenhouse

The right choice of foundation is very important

If you want to build a greenhouse yourself, you have to decide - as in garden house construction - first for a foundation. We will briefly mention the Advantages and disadvantages of different building materials.

wood foundation

A wooden foundation can be installed quickly. The big danger, however, is that the Durability of the wood usually much shorter than that of the greenhouses.

concrete foundation

In contrast to wood is a concrete foundation much more solid and usually lasts for many years. It should be noted, however, that a concrete foundation is a very expensive and also time-consuming solution. Working times for the mixing, the construction of the formwork and the actual processing must be planned.

steel foundation

As already mentioned, is a steel foundation for a small greenhouse, the best solution. The foundation made of steel can be mounted quickly and is precisely adapted to the selected model. At the same time, the steel provides good ground anchoring and may last forever. A cheaper and at the same time so high-quality solution will be hard to find.

Greenhouse panel: glass and double-wall sheets

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Anyone who imagines a greenhouse will think of a glasshouse. Glass is in recent years, however, more and more of Polycarbonate double-skin sheets replaced. We show in detail which advantages glass and double-skin sheets offer and which disadvantages these materials have.

Greenhouse made of glass

Glass allows a lot of light and allows the viewer to see his plants from the outside. But you have to pay attention to a good shading, so it is not too hot in strong sunlight in the greenhouse. Unfortunately arise through the glass large temperature fluctuations inside, which can limit the growth of plants. But you can compensate for the problem of temperature fluctuations by window openers, shading nets or a heater. If you work in the greenhouse with a heater, you must first of all pay attention to a good insulation, so that the heating costs are not driven unnecessarily in the air.

Unfortunately, glass is very fragile, why it is prone to falling branches and twigs - even hail can be a problem. The installation of glass is also not entirely harmless, because you can easily cut. Likewise, care should be taken during transport to avoid breakage.

Greenhouse made of double-skin sheets

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: build

Greenhouse with planters, bench and storage

If the plants should also be visible from outside the greenhouse, should the double-wall sheets do not fall below 6 mm, otherwise they are not transparent anymore. It may also happen that at the beginning of the year too little light falls into it, but this can be compensated by additional technology.

A big advantage of the plates especially in the insulation, as they almost the same insulating effect as insulating glass to have. In addition, they are UV-resistant, which ensures a uniform temperature and thus again good growth conditions. Compared to glass, thanks to the good insulation in this type of greenhouse, you can grow longer over the year. But the insulation brings also the problem of higher humidity with himself. One should therefore consider the installation of a fan - would be advantageous solar powered fan - think. If you decide to heat the house, you will incur significantly lower heating costs than with a glass house, which makes it worthwhile to let plants hibernate there.

Double-wall sheets are also much more stable because they shock and impact resistant are therefore protecting the greenhouse from falling branches and other weather conditions. If the plates are mounted, you can not cut in contrast to the glass and also during transport, the plates are much more robust.

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: build

Side view of the greenhouse

Building instructions: Greenhouse with planters, bench and shelf

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Front view of the greenhouse

Tool

  • ruler
  • pencil
  • Anreißwinkel
  • Cordless Screwdriver
  • drilling machine
  • Wood drill set
  • sinker
  • Hole saw Ø = approx. 50 mm
  • Table saw with saw blade for wood and plastics
  • Hand circular saw with guide rail
  • Fine saw or jigsaw
  • Eisenbügelsäge
  • clamps
  • hammer
  • 80-grit sandpaper
  • Narrow chisel
  • Lackierrolle
  • brush
  • spirit level
  • stapler
  • two ladders
  • possibly joiner's bucks

material

Pos.numberdesignationsize in mm
14Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x1965
213Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x1692
34Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x2134
44Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x1614
522Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x466
65Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x1970
74Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x2400
86Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x510
94Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x1950
1010Frame wood, spruce / fir54x54x337
112Frame wood, spruce / fir34x54x1965
1230Frame wood, spruce / fir34x34x316
131Frame wood, spruce / fir

34x34x1015

144Smooth edge board, spruce / fir18x60x2073
1513Smooth edge board, spruce / fir18x60x1740
161Smooth edge board, spruce / fir18x60x2134
172Smooth edge board, spruce / fir18x60x1614
182Smooth edge board, spruce / fir

18x60x454

1936Smooth edge board, spruce / fir18x100x465
202Smooth edge board, spruce / fir18x100x2436
212Smooth edge board, spruce / fir18x140x2129
222Smooth edge board, spruce / fir18x140x2129
232UK latte, spruce / fir17x36x2134
242UK latte, spruce / fir17x36x1614
252UK latte, spruce / fir17x36x1614
26Rectangular strip, pine5x30, 26 running meters
27Rectangular strip, pine5x20, 13 running meters
282Scaffolding planks, spruce / fir40x200x2100
294Scaffolding planks, spruce / fir40x200x2025
305Scaffolding planks, spruce / fir40x200x1015
315Scaffolding planks, spruce / fir40x200x565
322OSB expansion drive18x1612x344
3310acrylic5x1360x500
342acrylic5x1634x500
354acrylic5x918x417
363Guttacryl SZ harness2000x1045
3780Spacer trapezoid
3880Mounting set trapezoid4,5x45
397flat connector180x40
404angle connector50x50x40
4124steel hooks50
42170nails30
43104countersunk6x120
44112countersunk5x90
4548countersunk4,5x50
4616countersunk4,5x60
47221countersunk3.5x35
4880countersunk4x20
4972countersunk3.5x16
50102Head Screws4x50
5148Sprengler screws A24,5x35
524Window latch (with loop)
532Sliding bolt (with strike plate)
541deadbolt
556Hinges (for the doors)
566Hinges (for the flaps)
57Box gutter RG 703 m
585Gutter holder NG 70
592End pieces RG 70
601Drain connection RG 70/50
611PVC glue
621Weatherproof paint (white)2.5 l
631Weatherproof paint (ivory)2.5 l
641weed control fabric

Prepare wooden parts

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: garden

Pre-drilling the vertical frame timbers

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: garden

Pre-drilling the horizontal frame timber for the rear wall

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Pre-drilling the horizontal frame wood for sidewall

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Pre-drilling the vertical door elements

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Pre-drilling the rafters and intermediate purlins for roof construction

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: your

Pre-drilling the vertical mounting rails

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Sawing the ventilation flaps

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: greenhouse

Assembly of the side walls

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: build

Assembly of the side walls

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: greenhouse

Assembly of the back wall

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: build

Assembly of the front wall

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: build

Dimensions for the glass frame strip

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Inserting the acrylic glass panes

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: your

Screw on the outer panel

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: garden

Screw on the outer panel

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: your

Screwing the walls

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: build

Assembling the doors

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: garden

Attach the discs and hinges

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: greenhouse

Building the roof construction

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: build

Attaching the roof panels

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: your

Screwing on the roof panels

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Placing the roof

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Installing the gutter

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Inserting the doors

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: your

Sectional drawing front wall

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: your

Screw the hinges to the ventilation flaps

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Installing the ventilation flaps

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: your

Installing the header boxes

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: yourself

Preparing the seat

Build a greenhouse yourself: A greenhouse for your own garden: greenhouse

Assemble the seat

For the construction of the greenhouse you need at least two to three people, because the individual components are bulky and large. Of course it also makes much more fun together.

Before assembly, cut the beams, boards, strips and OSB boards according to the dimensions or in the hardware store.

Then all wood parts except the UK slats smooth with sandpaper and paint with weatherproof paint. Exceptions are the OSB board and the rectangular strips.

Pre-drill vertical and horizontal frame timbers

Place the vertical frame timbers of length 1965 mm (item 1) and six of the vertical frame timbers of length 1692 mm (item 2) next to each other as shown and mark the positions for the connections. Drill holes according to the dimensions of the sketch with a 7 mm wood drill. The sketches enlarge when clicked.

Move with the horizontal frame timbers of length 2134 mm (Pos. 3) and 1614 mm (Pos. 4) in the same way. Then you edit the holes from the back (opposite side of the markings) with the countersink, so that the connecting screws later finish flush with the wooden surface.

Prepare vertical door elements, roof construction and mounting strips

After the same pattern too the four vertical door elements (Pos. 9) and the four rafters (Pos. 7) and six intermediate purlins (Pos. 8) for the roof construction with a 7-mm drill bit pre-drill.

The five purlins (item 6) can also be prepared by marking markings for later assembly. The exact dimensions and positions of the drill holes can be found again in the sketches.

24 of the 30 vertical mounting rails (Item 12) can also be prepared by pre-drilling holes with a 5 mm drill and machining with countersinks as per sketch.

Saw off ventilation flaps

Saw the two OSB expansion plates (item 32) according to the dimensions with a circular saw and guide rail. Then round off all edges with 80-grit sandpaper and paint the flaps with the white weatherproof paint. These two wooden parts will be later used as ventilation flaps in the greenhouse.

Assemble sidewalls

For the two side walls, first connect the pre-drilled vertical and horizontal frame timbers (items 2 and 4) to form an outer frame with the 6x120 screws. The previously lowered holes point outwards. So that the wood is not damaged when fixing with the clamps, Use clean wood residues as supplements.

The vertical frame woods (Pos. 2), that were not pre-drilled, are screwed as vertical intermediate struts in the outer frame - two pieces per side wall.

So that the wooden parts have the same distance everywhere, not only do you screw the short frame timbers (item 5) to the preset positions (but only after you have mounted the mounting bolts), but also place them as

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