Balance ground and prepare

Balance ground and prepare: balance

Floor coverings are exposed to great stress over many years, so a Proper installation is required without the cracks and bulges can arise.

As well important is an undamaged and even ground, If it is crooked or damaged, the soil should be leveled and minor damage repaired with putty.

In addition, at many floor coverings a footfall sound insulation or vapor barrier film laid. The vapor barrier prevents rising residual moisture from damaging the new flooring. While one Impact sound insulation compensates for further small bumps and loud running noises contained.

The necessary preparatory work can be done by DIYers themselves. Before sIt should be checked how large the bumps are and whether they are leveled with screed, leveling compound or putty Need to become.

Required tools and tools

The following materials and tools are needed to level the floor with a leveler:

  • primer
  • Leveling compound
  • Edge insulation strips
  • Mixing attachment for the drilling machine
  • bucket
  • trowel
  • Scooter or tassel
  • broom

Which balance mass for which work is suitable depends on the substrate and the thickness of the layer to be leveled from. While flow putty is suitable for low unevenness, floating screed needs a certain thickness to distribute evenly and to obtain a break-proof.

Prime the floor

Before applying the primer, the floor must be free of grease and dust. In the first Step, the substrate is therefore cleaned and of possible covering and adhesive residues freed. Then the primer can be applied with a brush, roller or brush.

Depending on Manufacturer's instructions required the primer to dry for 3 - 4 hours and is available after at least 24 hours. A necessary second order prolongs the drying time.

Absorbent or non-absorbent surface?

Before the leveling compound a primer is applied to the floor, which improves the adhesion of the leveling compound to the substrate and regulates the absorbency. A distinction is made between priming for absorbent and non-absorbent floors. To find out which group counts the existing floor, use a wet brush to brush water over the surface. If it is absorbed and leaves a dark color, it is an absorbent floor.

Apply leveling compound

Since the floor expands when heated, it can Tensions come, which are for cracks in the screed to care. To avoid this, an expansion joint is necessary in all directions. There are special edge insulation strips that are fastened all around the wall.

Balance ground and prepare: balance

Stir the leveling compound

After this Dry the primer, the leveling compound is mixed according to the manufacturer and poured slowly on the floor. It can already be seen in which direction the balancing mass flows and where sinks are underground.

Balance ground and prepare: balance

Pour the mixture on the ground

With a Trowel, the balance is additionally distributed and accelerate a better distribution. After about 3 hours, the balanced ground is accessible.

Balance ground and prepare: prepare

Distribute balancing mass

Instructions: Use screed to level out large imperfections in the floor

Does the If there are major irregularities on the floor, they can no longer be leveled with a leveling compoundbecause cracks form over time. In this case, the substrate is leveled with screed.

As with the leveling compound, an edge insulation strip is attached to the wall to avoid stress cracks. Located in the Room already a screed floor, this should be watered and slightly moistened become.

Important, the screed may only be damp, but not wet, otherwise the moisture will penetrate through it onto the insulation. For one better adhesion, a primer or adhesive slurry is applied, Now the mixed screed is distributed and subtracted in Libra.

In the next step, the screed is smoothed with a steel smoother. That's it It is advisable to gradually remove and smooth the floorto get a level surface.

The Ready for laying depends, among other things, on the type of screed and the floor covering which should be relocated on it. You will find out how to determine these in the contribution screed and screed floor.

Putty for all materials

Balance ground and prepare: screed

Spatula work on chipboard

Whether ready-to-use or powder filler, in the application they are universally applicable. They are used for smoothing wood and metal, repairing small cracks and holes in plasters, repairing broken wood parts, restoring trusses, filling and repairing joints and for large-area smoothing of plaster and concrete surfaces. For every material there is the appropriate filler.

Powder fillers must first be mixed. They are in any layer thickness can be applied and harden after the processing time to a stone-like structure.

The Hardening takes place by a crystalline setting in all layer thicknesses as fast. They do not form any skin, they do not tear and shrink.

Ready-to-use fillers get theirs Hardness and strength through special binders such as plastic dispersion, synthetic resin or by reaction two components. They harden by delivery of the liquid phase, that is by drying out.

The scope of application is manifold:

  • Smoothing wood and metal
  • Mending small cracks and holes in plaster
  • Repairing broken pieces of wood
  • Restoration of truss
  • Filling and repairing joints
  • Smoothing plaster and concrete surfaces

These "gap fillers" are suitable for both small and large, deep holes and cracks on walls. To the thin-layer repair of small wall damages these products are particularly suitable.

Decor-Spachtel is ideal for thick-layered filling work, such as stucco or polystyrene, but also for thin-layer repairs to textured wallpaper. Are in Connecting joint area (windows, doors) Repairs necessary, elastic fillings with low elongation are suitable in the connection joint area.

Ready-to-use fillers are subdivided according to the fineness of the fillers. Fine filled putties give thin-layered, fine, smooth surfaces, They are used as Dünnschichtspachtelmassen for large areas.

Coarsely filled putties give a rougher surface, they can be applied thickly and become mostly for the repair of deep holes and cracks used.

Façade damage - Special fillers

Special fillers for outdoor use inflict damage Facades, walls, as well as floor surfaces of stone, concrete and screed, Inside, they are also suitable for damp basement walls.

Thick and thin-layered repairs in the interior and exterior can be made with Alles-Spachtel. With Lightning cement will quickly and safely metal railings, hinges door and window frames anchored.

Roof beam or truss

Wood Repair Spatula adapts to the movement of the wood and can be painted over. Therefore, this filler is especially for rough repairs on Wood, truss and roof beams suitable. With wood-fine-spatula, wood can be repaired thinly and be smoothed.

Defective wood areas are repaired with wood filler. Even broken hinges or locks can be re-attached to the wood. With Wood putty can cause scratches and scratches in wood and veneer surfaces be reworked in different colors of wood color.

2-component filler

2-component scraper (2K scraper for short) is a versatile fine scraper. This one finds mainly in bodywork its application, but is also very good at woodwork.

Depending on the material requirement is For this purpose, mix putty with a hardener and can be applied immediately thereafter. 2-component putty hardens very quickly, can be sanded and varnished. A universal putty knife for many applications.

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