Hazardous waste - definition and explanation


The common definition of hazardous waste says a bit cumbersome that it is garbage that must be specially disposed of due to toxic substances contained therein. Which things and quantities each belong to this dangerous garbage and where you should deliver the hazardous waste, we show you here in an overview.

AVV - the bible for waste

The Waste Catalog Ordinance regulates all categories of waste in Germany. A chapter also deals with hazardous waste. Not all types of hazardous waste are disposed of in the same way. For example, while asbestos-containing waste must be stored in closed foil packaging on special landfills, water-polluting waste, such as paints and varnishes, can not easily be stored in open landfills.

Properties of hazardous waste

Of course, many substances that are hazardous waste naturally combine several of the following harmful properties.

  • hazardous to health
  • pathogenic
  • flammable
  • explosive
  • water pollutant
  • Endangering air

Hazardous waste - examples

Here are some examples of things that are mandatory for hazardous waste. Of course, as the European Waste Catalog, which is now the basis of the GCU, lists a total of 405 hazardous waste types in its 839 types of waste, not all of them can be listed here.

  • Asbestos-containing building materials / insulation
  • fluorescent tubes
  • Energy saving lamps
  • Remnants of medicines
  • Paints and colors
  • Batteries / car batteries
  • Thermometer with mercury
  • Spirit and turpentine
  • Adhesives and glue
  • aerosols

original packaging

Straight paints, paints and adhesives should always stay in their proper containers when they are dispensed. The sorting in the pollutant acceptance points is made considerably more difficult if, for example, you transfer varnishes. In addition, some residues can react with each other, making them even more dangerous.

electronic waste

Although electrical appliances are not really hazardous waste. But for small devices such as the broken curling iron or the clock radio at the bed you also do not need to go to the collection point. These small electrical parts are accepted by the pollutant mobile.

Tips & Tricks

You should always collect small amounts of the various types of hazardous waste in an old shoe box and then bring them regularly to the pollutant mobile. So you do not have to drive extra for each battery and get rid of other more unusual things, such as antifreeze or a paint can. Anyone who does not reserve a permanent place for this waste easily tends to throw the hazardous waste into the normal residual waste bin.


Video Board: What is a Hazardous Material and Hazardous Waste