Hickory

A special type of walnut trees are the hickory trees. Their wood is often used for special purposes, such as stems, but it has somewhat different characteristics to walnut wood. What makes Hickory special, and where you prefer it, is described in this article.

Technical values

Reading Descriptionvalue
density0.70 - 0.84 g / cm³
Medium volume density800 kg / m³
flexural strength117 - 135 N / mm²

Subspecies and designations

Hickory is basically one of the walnut trees, but within the genus is a separate species dar. As a "real hickory", which also has the specified properties, but one understands only the wood of a single tree species (Carya Tomentosa). There are also lighter species commonly referred to as "Peckan hickory". Timber is often supplied mixed from both species.

White hickory

As "white hickory" one usually designates the sapwood of the hickory trees. It has a lower quality than the heartwood, but is often co-processed.

Appearance

Grain

The grain of Hickory is rather simple. The pores are arranged in a ring, and in the latewood extremely fine. Wood rays are not visible. Overall, the look looks high quality and little clearly grained.

colour

The heartwood is usually reddish-brown in Hickory, whereby also clear red tones can occur. The sapwood, however, is white to very slightly yellowish (hence the name "white hickory" for the sapwood). The color, but also the texture of hickory are strongly reminiscent of ash wood.

properties

Genuine hickory is very hard and resilient - the hardness is even higher than that of oakwood. The strength properties are also higher than in oak wood. The processing can be difficult due to the wood characteristics and requires increased force and durable tools.

Shrinkage and drying

The drying of hickory should always be done carefully. Once dried, it retains its shape very well.

resistance

Hickory wood is not weather resistant and also resistant to fungal and insect infestation. For outdoor use, therefore, it is by no means suitable.

use

Hickory is mainly used for tool handles where high load capacity is required. In addition, drumsticks are often made of hickory, also in bowling and for sports equipment, the wood is occasionally used.

ancestry

Hickory grows exclusively in North America, especially in the eastern zones.

Prices

Hickory is usually found in the trade as lumber for approx. 1,500 - 1,700 EUR per m³, depending on the quality and quantity. Sometimes, however, deviating prices are possible.

Here you will find all types of wood at a glance

Tips & Tricks

If you want to work on particularly hard types of wood, it is best to use stellitized tools. These tools have a particularly high hardness, do not dull so quickly and retain their sharpness. They are made of special alloys, sometimes in combination with carbon.

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