The history of fireworks - From the beginnings in China to New Year's fireworks

What are the origins of fireworks?

The history of fireworks - From the beginnings in China to New Year's fireworks: year

The fireworks are originally from China, where already since 8th century an explosive mixture was used, which is known today under the name black powder and partly contains the same substances: Saltpetre, sulfur and charcoal.

At that time people used it to the Chinese fire arrows, d. H. Rockets, fire. It was not until the 13th century that black powder with Dutch sailors arrived in Europe, where it was less used for large festivals, but mainly in the military and in warfare.

There were sources, according to sources 1379 the first reference to fireworks in Europe, as in Florence during a Pentecost the Holy Spirit in the form of a sparkling dove should have descended to the earth. But until the official fireworks in Germany passed more years. So there was 1420 the first German "fireworks book"before Maximilian I lit the first real fireworks display on Lake Constance in 1506 during the Reichstag in Constance.

Where does the custom come from to burn down a fireworks display on New Year's Eve?

The custom in the New Year's Eve Ignite fire extends to the time of the Teutons. These drove at the turn of the year demons and evil spirits with deafening noise. They used rattles, flails and even whips. Later in the Middle Ages, people used timpani, trumpets, and bells to protect themselves from the devil's evil spirits and evil spirits in the New Year.

Only from 1420 came more Black powder used, fired as rifle shots and Böller were detonated. However, firecrackers were only detonated in the Barrock for entertainment. This so-called. "Lustfeuerwerkerei" was celebrated at the German princely courts in pompous festivals and was to show the wealth and power of the aristocratic house.

The biggest fireworks gave Louis XV, 1770 in the park of his castle of Versailles, in which an estimated 20,000 rockets, 6,000 volcanoes and so-called fire pots and 80 burning suns were detonated. So it does that biggest fireworks in the barrock In contrast to today's New Year's Eve fireworks, the exploding firecrackers did not shine so brightly at the time and did not have bright colors because of the lack of the oxidizing agents that are used today.

Finally became 1838 the first german fireworks company of Georg Berckholz founded. In addition, smaller articles emerged over the years - today 's forerunners of the Miniature fireworks, With the advance of pyrotechnics and the better availability of metal nitrates, the fireworks became accessible to the general public at the end of the nineteenth century until it finally went into mass production. Since the beginning of the 20th century, it is customary at the turn of the year to fire rockets and boulders.

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