Honey from our own production

Sweet honey from own production

Honey from our own production: production

Many people are enthusiastic amateur beekeepers and keep their own bee colony in a hive in the garden. The industrious bees collect the flower nectar into the summer, from which finally the sweet honey is made.

In June, the honey is ready for harvest and can be obtained from the honeycomb. In the honey harvest, however, must be paid to a lot: The insects must not be injured and the honeycombs should not be contaminated. This is followed by honey extraction, which is the decisive step in honey production before the honey can be processed further.

Sweet honey is available in every supermarket as a product from own production or from the local beekeeper However, he becomes something very special.

How do bees make honey?

Honey is a natural product and will Made of honey bees from the nectar of colorful flowers. The busy bees suck up the flower nectar with their trunk and transport it back to the stick in their nectar bubble. Honeybees are considered to be true to the flower, so they only ever fly one type of flower in their specific flying area and cover up to 10 km per day.

Until the nectar bubble is full, the little bees have to approach about 200 flowers. In this way The flying insects also pollinate the flowers automatically, they visit, because the small pollen stick to the fine body hair.

Honey from our own production: production

The bee collects flower nectar, from which honey is then produced in the hive.

Once again in the hive, the collecting bee presents the nectar to so-called stick bees, who are responsible for its further processing and Save the flower nectar in special honeycombs. Here the nectar can ripen, decreasing its water content to 18% to 20%.

The bee supports this maturation process energetic, for example, by stimulating the evaporation process with targeted wing flapping and adding special enzymes through their saliva. These endogenous juices change the raw material, it is more durable and forms the typical honey sugar.

Finally, the now thick honey in special storage cells transported to the back of the hive. Here, the cane covers the honey with the help of an airtight layer of wax. This layer signals to the beekeeper that the honey is ready to be harvested.

Determine honey maturity and remove honeycombs

Honey from our own production: honey

The drone brood occurs in the front part of the hive. Here you can also see a first honey wreath.

Honey can Harvested from mid-July, depending on the variety become. The rear part of the hive is used by the bees for honey production, in the front honeycomb, the offspring is reared.

In the summer are usually only few animals in the hive, because a part of the people already swarmed out with the old queen.

Nevertheless, it is likely that some animals sit on the magazines. Always open the hive only with appropriate beekeeper protective clothing. A so-called smoker or smoker helps to soothe the bees.

Danger: Let not too much smoke get into the honey room - the honey could otherwise take on a bitter taste.

Honey from our own production: production

Mature honeycombs are covered with a filigree wax layer.

Now take a look at the honeycombs: you can recognize the degree of ripeness of honey either by means of a refractometer or by the amount of wax covers available.

As soon as the honeycomb with a thin layer of wax are over, you can start. The water content is now below 20%.

If the content were too high, the honey would ferment, too low water content the honey, on the other hand, becomes hard.

Tip: Will one Honigschleuderung In summer, at least 30% of the honeycombs should be capped, with a honey harvest in the spring about 20%. Even honeycombs that are not yet completely filled, must be removed when the people already swarmed and honey production is stopped.

Honey from our own production: honey

The honeycombs must be cleared of all bees before transport.

Carefully remove the individual magazines, they can break very easily. Now free the honeycombs of remaining animals with the help of a special bee broom or a simple feather.

Make sure that there are not yet some animals in the honeycomb or maybe even the queen sitting on one of the magazines.

Sweep Carefully return all animals to the hive and transport the removed honeycomb back into the house in a clean box.

Tip: The magazines should always be carried horizontally and allowed never dropped on the floor become. This contains microbes that could contaminate the honey.

The honey production

Honey from our own production: honey

Honey in wax cells in closeup

The space in which the honey-spinning takes place should be dry, odorless and warm. A Room temperature from 24° -28° C is especially good. At normal room temperature, too much honey would remain in the wax, since honey is now thrown cold, and no longer additionally heated.

As a first step, the so-called Entdeckeln the honeycomb, which is fine wax layer with the help of a discovery fork away. The slightly bent tips of the individual tines move under the cell covers and lift them off.

Alternatively you can use the lids too Melt gently with hot air and then remove.

Tip: Hurry up during haulage from the hive into the sling room - stock honey is best processed.

Tip: Also, this wax should be collected, because it can be further processed to honey later.

Honey from our own production: honey

Five honeycombs before unpacking next to a collection container

Honey from our own production: production

Open the honeycomb with the help of a decapping fork

Honey from our own production: production

Honeycombs after delousing - the honey runs out

Hurl honey and process it further

After the honeycombs have been uncovered, the sweet honey is already running out of them. The magazines are now in the honeycomb basket of a special honey extractor posed. These are available in both electrical and manual versions.

Through the centrifugal forces generated Now the honey is drawn from the honeycomb, it then runs off the inside of the cylindrical drum and collects on the ground. Afterwards, the honeycombs are turned and thrown again.

Tip: This last step is eliminated if you own a self-turning spinner.

Honey from our own production: honey

Manual honey extractor

Honey from our own production: honey

Honeycomb in self-turning sledger

Honey from our own production: production

Centrifugal forces act on the honey

Honey from our own production: production

When sieving the last wax remains are removed from the honey.

Some honey extractors have already integrated a honey strainer before the spout. It is still worthwhile, however, to add the honey once more through a fine sieve or cheesecloth removed last wax pieces and impurities.

The honey is also without a seven already edible.

After filtering, the honey must rest, just leave it a few days in an airtight honey bucket standing in a dark room. Over time, a foam will form on the surface where the last wax remains are. This foam is skimmed off and disposed of with the help of a large spoon.

In order to preserve the creamy substance, the hurled honey must now be additionally stirred in order to comminute the resulting sugar crystals. The crystals can be recognized by a slight shimmer. Stir the honey for several minutes every day, so it stays longer spreadable.

Depending on the type of honey, the natural product has after one to two weeks the ideal consistency reached and is bottled in clean and labeled glasses. For a good flavor, the glasses should be sealed airtight. If the honey has become too hard for filling, you can warm it gently on a hot plate.

Store the honey dark and ideally below 16° C.

Enjoy your honey from our own production!

Honey from our own production: honey

Thanks to the collective lust of diligent honey bees...

Honey from our own production: honey

... the sweet honey from our own production...

Honey from our own production: production

... for your morning honey bread.

Honeycomb images courtesy of beekeeper Steffen Belikat, Inselimker.de.

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Video Board: How It's Made Honey