How to lay tiles?


Laying tiles is more than just laying one tile after the next. On the wall and on the floor you always start at certain points in order to achieve the most symmetrical laying pattern possible. Below you will find information on how to lay tiles optimally on walls, floors and stairs.

The problem with the tile and room dimensions

If you've already laid tiles yourself, you probably know the problem: you start with a tile in one corner of the room, then you have to start cutting tiles on the opposite wall and on the other side as well. You would also have to look for other tile installation plans, but then with symmetry. Depending on what you tile, you can move differently when laying tiles.

How to lay floor tiles?

a) floor tiles with a concealed longitudinal wall
For floor tiles, there are two ways to start laying. For example, if you want to tile a kitchen that later has one floor side completely covered by the fitted kitchen, you can start on the opposite wall in the middle. Nevertheless, you must calculate the required floor tiles or plates. Because you can start with the first tile in the middle (halfway to both sides) or with two tiles to the right and left of the middle. As a result, you can achieve the same width of tile on both sides of a tile cut to less than half.

b) Floor tiles visible on all sides
For all-round visible floor tiles, you must start in the middle of the room. Clamp a chalk line from one to the opposite corner and then again between the other two corners. Now you have exactly the center of the room. Depending on what your last tile row would look like in your laying plan, place the first tile either centered (quartered) or four tiles around the center.

c) laying tiles at an angle of 45 degrees to the walls (diagonally)
For sloping tiles, proceed as well. They start in the middle of the room. Using the tile crosses, a precisely tensioned chalk line and an angle, place the tile corner on the tile corner. In addition, you can lay a cut row of tiles along the wall as a conclusion. This makes sense if you want to finish the last slanted row of tiles with complete tiles or half tiles in between.

How to lay wall tiles?

a) Basics Laying wall tiles
Even with wall tiles, you start in the middle and then work out to the right and left of the center outward.

b) Ceiling high and tile to a certain height wall
For floor-to-ceiling tile work, start from the top with a full row of tiles. At a clearly defined tile height (half height, three quarter height, etc.), you also start with the top row. This will ensure that a cut row is glued down to the bottom. There, the cut tile row does not stand out as much as halfway up the wall or as a wall finish on the ceiling.

c) Tile up to any size
If you want to glue tiles up to the wall, start with the bottom row of tiles. You can also finish the last row of tiles with a complete row of tiles.

Wall to wall tiles

If you want to tile two walls that run towards each other, make sure that the last row of tiles is always cut inside, so that the cut tile hits the cut tile of the other wall from one wall.

If it is a protrusion (fireplace, superior bathroom faucets, etc.), always glue a whole tile to the two overlapping outer sides, so that the cut tile is glued inside to the corner.

How to lay a tile mirror?

For the tiled mirror, choose the appropriate amount, down and up, to make a complete tile (top and bottom). The floor is usually a skirting board, which is why the floor cabinets anyway can not be pushed completely against the wall. In addition, you also close the worktop with a bar. Wall cabinets can be fixed to the wall fixture in the distance.

How to lay stair tiles

a) Straight or bent at right angles stairs
Start in the middle as well and move outward left and right. With a single-sided wall, you can also cut the tiles towards the wall.

b) spiral staircases
Again, determine the middle and tile from the middle. In the arch, the radius increases to the outside and you cut the additional tile rows according to the dimensions you need.

Tips & Tricks

Stairs are tiled from top to bottom. Tile a basement stairs, and there are no doors or windows to exit, first tile one side and later, when the glue has cured, the other half.

Floor tiles should always be laid dry first to see if the gaps fit the wall.

If you have to cut a lot of tiles, for example, as with slanted tiles, first lay all the tiles and then cut all the tiles you need in one go. This saves you a lot of time.

In the house journal you will find numerous guides and instructions for laying tiles in exterior and interior areas, with special floors, in old or new buildings, with different types of tiles and much more.


Video Board: Tile 101: How to Lay Tile