Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds

Helpful hints for the correct cultivation of plant seeds

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: seeds

The clear advantage of sowing and growing plant seeds lies in their versatility: some plants are also available in well-stocked flower shops or Do not buy garden centers as seedlings, such as zinnias, snapdragons or asters.

Here it is recommended, already in the early spring to resort to high quality flower seeds and to set up their own sowing and cultivation indoors.

In addition to flowers, of course, too easily put different vegetable and herb plants on the windowsillbefore moving to the garden.

However, you always have to pay attention to whether it is Light, dark or frost germ and how you can optimally fulfill the growth conditions. Later, some seedlings need to be pimped out so as not to inhibit each other's growth.

Below you will find some interesting information about proper sowing and cultivation of plant seeds.

When can you sow plant seeds?

When sowing and growing plant seeds that plays ideal ratio of light and heat plays a crucial role for healthy plant growth. For example, if the young seedlings are supplied with too little light, they form unusually thin and long stems with pale leaves.

Experts speak in this context of a so-called Vergeilung. Start with one Sowing indoors, for example on the warm, light-flooded windowsill, therefore, not before March or support the plants by artificial lighting with special plant lamps.

It looks different with a Cultivation in the cold frame or greenhouse out. This is optimized here Relationship of temperature and sunlight in a natural wayso that you can seed seeds here in early spring.

at hardy seeds is also one Direct sowing in the vegetable or flowerbed possibleFor example, carrots can be sown outdoors in March.

Heat-needy plants you should, however always preferto achieve a rich harvest or beautiful flowers. Egg-plants are preferred in glasshouses and petunias, or hard-working licks under glass, so that they are strong enough for the outdoor season and can move into the bed or the flower box.

Which seed pot is the right one?

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: information

When growing seedlings, you can use different planters.

If you're attracting flower or vegetable seeds, you'll need one first ideal planter.

If you want to pursue a plant breeding on a sustainable basis, you can Use pots that are 85% cellulose consist.

These vessels root through the plants unhindered, so that they later put in the bed with the planter become. Here, the pot finally degrades completely harmless in the soil. A cheaper alternative are empty egg cartons, which are suitable for the cultivation of smaller seedlings.

In addition to biodegradable products, you can Reusable plastic pots which are available in different sizes and colors. Often, a seed is placed in a seed pot, so enough space for healthy growth is available.

Optionally, you can see transparent Covers on cultivation trays and pot plates put. This measure is especially recommended for indoor cultivation, for germination needed heat and humidity to realize.

A cheap alternative here is perforated cling film, which is stretched over the planter. If you choose a cover, it should be removed daily for a few minutes to allow air exchange and prevent mold or fungal disease.

Cultivation bowl or flowerpot?

Often one asks the question, whether a shallow cultivation tray or a large flower pot would make more sense for cultivation. It is all about singing on the selected plant: If the seed is particularly coarse-grained and germ-friendly, up to four seeds can be sown in a small pot. Fine, rather poorly germinated seeds are sown in larger shells, so you can finally select strong seedlings. An alternative form so-called Quickpotplatten in which per pot grows a seedling. This is then placed in a larger planter together with the soil ball and can thrive here without any problems, because its roots are not damaged.

Is special sowing substrate needed?

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: cultivation

Use special seed soil to plant seeds.

When sowing plant seeds are not only that chosen planter and the optimal location Of great importance for healthy plant growth - also the substrate plays a crucial role and has a direct impact on plant health.

Therefore, sit up So-called seeding earth, which is in every specialty market to acquire. It is particularly suitable for sowing and growing flowers as well as vegetable seeds, as they are contrary to ordinary potting soil extremely low in nutrients fails.

This has the consequence that the young seedlings are not supplied with an oversupply of nutrients, but to a kinvigorate rooting animated become. In addition, seeding soil is germ-free because it has been sterilized by special methods with hot steam.

tip: When planting seeds, you should provide the lower area with normal, nutrient-rich potting soil and give it over the special sowing soil. In this way, the seedlings initially develop many healthy roots and are then optimally supplied with nutrients.

Sow light germ

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: cultivation

Some plant seeds are among the light germs.

Most plant seeds can safely be sown in soil, while other seeds can be sown so-called light germs belong. In her name hides her special claim to planting: Light germs are not - or only very slightly - covered with soil.

These seeds need sunlightto start germination. Among the best known light germs are about Cress, snapdragon and foxglove.

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: cultivation

Light germinators are not covered with earth.

Required materials:

  • plant pot
  • plant seeds
  • Spray bottle with water
  • Sowing Earth
  • Cling film

Distribute the high quality Sowing soil evenly in the selected planter and press it lightly.

Following is the Moisten the soil with the help of the spray bottlebut not soaked because too wet soil molds faster and has a negative impact on sensitive seeds. Now the Seeds distributed neatly on the earth's surface, pressed and lightly sprayed with water again.

tip: For an even distribution of fine seeds you can mix this with dry quartz sand and spread on the seedbed.

Cover the flower pot with cling filmto create a high level of humidity and pleasant warmth. Set the planter to one for rapid germination sunny windowsill and keep the substrate moist.

The cling film should be aired regularly to prevent mildew through a targeted exchange of air. Some Small air holes can be used as an extra measure serve, but in general, the planter should be hermetically sealed.

Sow dark germ

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: important

Dark germs need darkness to nucleate.

Unlike light sprouts need Dark germ a sufficiently thick layer of soilin order to start germination, because the sun's rays inhibit it.

Their seeds are mostly too significantly larger than the light germ - They also contain more energy to grow out of the earth.

When sowing, make sure that the seed with a Earth layer is covered, which should be three to four times as wide as he big is. In this way a sufficient darkness is achieved.

In addition to this measure, the seeding of the light germs resembles: Keep that Plant substrate always well moist - but never too wet - and give that Plant container in a plastic bag or cover it with cling film, The cover is ventilated regularly to prevent mold.

To pronounced dark germs include, for example, the Pumpkin, cucumber and tomato, corn salad and chives, as well as the chrysanthemum, pansies, hollyhocks and tulips.

Light germ or dark germ?

If you are unsure about the germination conditions of a plant species, you can use a general method: Always cover the seeds with a layer of earth or sand, which is twice as thick with fine seeds and four times larger with thicker seeds.

Sowing of cold germs and frost germs

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: important

Dill is one of the cold germs and germinates in spring.

In addition to light, moisture and oxygen, temperature is another prerequisite for germination. While in light and dark germs with the help of the cover, a pleasant heat is generated need Cold germ to germinate a cold period, So-called Frost germinate also need a Cold phase below 0° C.

This cold period is understood as germ inhibition and at the same time adaptation of the plants to the predominant climatic zone, so that the plants do not germinate already in autumn and freeze the tender seedlings.

The witch hazel germinates under nnatural conditions only after three to four yearsbecause the germ inhibition of this plant is extremely persistent. It is therefore particularly important for such plants to perform targeted cold treatment - Botanists speak of a stratification.

Generally speaking Cold germinated in autumn or early spring, Is this not possible because z. If, for example, further bed treatments are planned, the seeds must be brought forward in the refrigerator. Add the seeds - mixed with moist sand - to a planter already in winter and let them simmer for about 14 days at room temperature.

Then put the jars in the fridge or put them in the fridge cold outdoor area in a shady location, temperatures between 0° C and -4° C are ideal here - but it should not get colder! Pour that Substrate moderately and place the seed pots in the spring in the sununtil first seedlings show up.

The typical cold germs include about Dill, spinach and carrots as well as many perennials, the lady's mantle and the cowslip.

The right time to piki

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: information

With a Pikierstab the repot of seedlings succeeds easily.

Once germination has started, the seedlings can quickly become big and strong. are several seeds in a small container planted, they can live in Soil and above ground disturb each other or even inhibit growth.

Reason for this is for example a acute lack of lightcaused by too many closely spaced plants. Also the increasing competitive pressure has a negative effect on the young plants.

The right time for piking has therefore come when the first cotyledons have unfolded. If your chosen plants do not form cotyledons, you should use the Seedlings peck as soon as the fourth leaf is visible is.

It is true that rather too early than too late pikiert should be. The reason is simple: young seedlings can tolerate a temporary growth break better, because they grow faster and easier than larger specimens.

Put the seedlings in the new planter in nutrient-rich potting soilin order to promote healthy plant growth after rooting.

tip: In order to damage the delicate plants as little as possible, you should put on special Pikierstäbe when Pikieren. With them a repot succeeds particularly easily.

Planting preferred seedlings

Important information for the cultivation of plant seeds: cultivation

If the seedlings are strong enough, they can be placed in the open air in mid-May.

After the seedlings have grown sufficiently in their small planters, they can into the free bed or in a bucket in the outdoor area move. The planting of the preferred plants depends on the weather:

If the spring is really fresh and threatens at night occasional frosts, you should as a precaution with the Planting until after the icy saintsWait until mid-May.

Now nature offers the young plants sufficient sunlight and heatso that nothing stands in the way of healthy plant growth in the garden or balcony box.

If your plants have been brought forward in the greenhouse or on the windowsill, the new light and temperature conditions can have a negative impact on plant health Temperature shock or the burning of tender, young leaves are quite possible in May still possible.

Therefore, before planting, water your plants with tempered tap water and place the seedlings in one at the beginning sunny Garden corner or alternatively tighten a shading net over the bed. Also, a parasol can already serve good service at lunchtime and protect the young plants from leaf burns.

tip: Especially potted plants should first be in the shade before moving to a sunny spot.

This topic has been developed for you by in cooperation with garden master Hermann Mendel.

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