Overview of industrial flooring types


"Industrial floor" is just a collective term for floors and floor coverings made of different materials, which are particularly durable and durable. You can find out here which different materials are used for industrial floors and which industrial floors are also suitable for home use.

General requirements for industrial floors

Industrial floors are planned for halls, workshops and all areas in commercial buildings with high loads. The requirements for industrial floors are therefore general:

  • high abrasion resistance, preferably no wear
  • highest possible load capacity
  • high resistance to mechanical stress
  • almost always high resistance to chemical stress
  • Pollution resistance (leaking gasoline or oil in workshops, contamination by various substances from industrial production)

Any soil that is well suited to these pressures can be used as an industrial floor. Which type of floor construction is possible can be different.

concrete floor

Special concrete floors can be used as industrial floors.

A commonly used form is rolled concrete. Its construction makes it resistant and well suited for the loads in industry and commercial buildings.

For chemical protection, a special coating may still be required to achieve resistance to fouling and chemical resistance when needed. In addition, coatings increase the abrasion resistance.

As a coating, plastic-containing screeds but also epoxy resin are used. These coatings can also be applied to conventional concrete floors, making the concrete floor an industrial floor.

fiber concrete

Fiber-reinforced concrete (fiber concrete can also be used as an industrial floor because of its high load-bearing capacity.) The use of steel fiber reinforced concrete is still relatively new, and therefore also almost not standardized.

Cleanroom flooring

Clean room floors have to meet special requirements. Again, on a supporting surface (such as concrete) either a reaction resin coating or reaction resin screed, PVC or tiles applied. All these top linings are mechanically very high load capacity, chemically resistant and non-conductive, besides also very easy to clean.

Plastic floors

Industrial floors can also be made of plastics. They are available as plastic tiles, but also as liquid plastics that can be easily applied as a floor covering.

Less commonly used soil types

xylolite

Stone wood is a flooring that is so resilient that it can also be used for industrial applications. He is also inexpensive to manufacture.

Stonewood mainly consists of magnesia, ie MgO, and magnesium chloride in a ratio of 2.5: 1. The aggregates used are either wood flour or fine wood chips.

As a floor covering, stone wood is very pressure resistant. It has a compressive strength of almost 2,300 eN per cm². It is also very resistant to abrasion, but sensitive to moisture (because of its composition).

Stone wood is hardly used today. It can be processed like screed.

smoked

Smoked oak can also be laid as an industrial floor as a particularly stable solid parquet. However, it is rare to find smoked oak soils, and then only in offices with heavy use.

The price of concrete and plastics is consistently cheaper than that of wood. For smoked oak offers a nobler look.

Use in the private sector

In the private sector industrial floor is only really useful in garages and basements. In living rooms, the look is not outstanding. The performance of an industrial floor is usually not needed in the home area.

A good alternative, however, can also be visual screed or a stone carpet.


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