Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden

Create a Japanese garden

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: garden

Many people are looking for them nowadays Rest and relaxation in the garden. This promises in particular the Japanese garden, which is designed as a place of reflection and contemplation. Although a Japanese garden is subject to very strict design principles, it seems very natural. Silence and beauty of the garden lead to a sense of well-being and tranquility. A sense of inner peace returns. The history of Japanese gardening begins around the year 0 and experienced its first peak in the 7th century, when Chinese garden art was introduced in Japan.

The Japanese garden is therefore based on similar principles as the Chinese. Again, there are references to Taoism and Yin-Yang principle. In addition, Buddhism and Shintosimus also play important roles in garden design.

Japanese gardens are like Chinese gardens as idealized imitation of a natural landscape on a small scale to understand. Rocks, water, shrubs and moss reflect the structures of the Japanese islands, which are covered in three quarters of hard to reach mountain forests.

Who wants to create a Japanese garden, must expect that invested a lot of time and effort in the care of the garden must become. Only then can the garden unfold its full effect. Due to the many advantages, the effort for such a garden design is still worthwhile, as the Japanese garden promises peace and relaxation and in Germany is enjoying ever greater popularity.

In the following, the possibilities are shown to create a Japanese garden yourself.

Types of Japanese gardens

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: garden

Kare-san-sui style

The Japanese garden in Kare-san-sui style is characterized by an abstract design as a dry garden out. It is waived water and larger plantings. Instead, these gardens essentially consist of rocks, sand and gravel.

The Also called Zen garden garden form It is primarily for meditation and is strongly influenced by Zen Buddhism since it was developed in the 16th century in the monasteries of Japan.

Tsukiyama style

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: japanese

The Japanese garden is Tsukiyama style characterized by a hilly design like a small landscape. Small cairns and artificial hills represent the mountains. Various plantings are representative of mountain forests.

A pond symbolizes the sea. Green and red tones dominate, but white is also used as an accent color.

The Tsukiyama-style garden, which was trained in the 8th to 12th centuries, is also being implemented in many public and institutional Japanese gardens in Germany - sometimes in combination with a Kare-san-sui style garden.

design principles

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: japanese

All essential for the design of a Japanese garden The four main elements are rocks, water, woody plants and moss, which have a pronounced symbolic meaning. Fundamental to the interaction of the individual elements is their asymmetrical arrangement with each other.

A flowing, natural language of form is important. Rarely should something run straight or be present in an even number. An odd number of rocks and plants promises happiness and defense against evil spirits according to traditional Japanese beliefs.

Important when creating a Japanese garden is also, for a balanced yin and yang to care. This means demonstrating contrasts as well as demonstrating mutual dependencies of the elements. Rough changes with soft, dry with damp, high with low, light with dark, square with round.

Rocks and stones

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: create

Artfully shaped stone arrangements reflect the structure of the mountainous islands of Japan contrary. They are also symbolic of various animals and gods. Therefore, stones are also used to make animal sculptures, deities and other garden elements (see below).

The shape of the animals is not always completely worked out. Single unprocessed stones, Those who lie at the foot of a mountain can also be seen as dogs, wild boars or calves playing with their mother. Foundlings that are buried in the ground half or a quarter of the way, make the design varied and demonstrate the Yin-Yang principle.

Sand, gravel and especially granite gravel are used in the Zen Garden as a substitute for water. These materials will be in the form of seas, lakes or rivers or piled over cascades of small rocks as waterfalls. The gravel is not simply pulled off smoothly, but raked in a wave form. In concentric circles and gentle curves, the lines around rock formations, moss areas and trees in the gravel beds, no beginning and no end of the lines should be recognizable.

To prevent weeds from forming in the gravel bed is a thick weed fleece as a gravel pad important. And so that the gravel bed is not used by the cats from the neighborhood, you should choose better rough gravel.

water

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: japanese

The numerous islands of Japan are surrounded by the sea, so water should not be missing from any Japanese garden. After a Chinese legend a fish that can swim up a waterfall turns into a dragon, He is the symbol of enlightenment. Creek stones, cascading streams, small waterfalls and fish ponds can therefore be very well integrated into the overall picture.

If you also want to make your garden japanese by the amount of fish you should put koi carp in the pond. The koi carp was formerly bred in remote mountain villages to have high-protein food in winter. Today it is mainly bred for its eye-catching, decorative colors. He is one of the most impressive and expensive fish in the world. A koi carp can be worth several thousand euros. But there are also affordable specimens whose design predestined them not to a laureate, but for the private Koi pond is quite sufficient.

When Basic rule for pond design is true that larger garden ponds easier to maintain their biological balance. For fish, a water depth of at least 60-80 cm should be considered, otherwise they will be difficult to survive in winter. With a size of less than seven square meters, a garden pond can be created with a prefabricated pool.

If you are planning a larger garden pond, you should work with appropriate pond liner. For koi carp, special requirements apply because they can be very large and old. Water depth, quality, temperature, light conditions and feed must be tailored exactly to the needs of Koi carp.

Woods and mosses

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: japanese

If you want to create a Japanese garden, you should not miss trees that are in Japan Symbol for the cycle of life are. Plum and cherry trees symbolize transience with their blossoms, which bloom and then pass away.

In contrast, the evergreen pines stand for eternity. Stand a plum tree and a pine will coexist the dualism of moment and eternity expressed.

Other plants include Japanese fan-maples, azaleas, snowball, rhododendrons and various species of conifers. Flowers should be used rather sparinglyso as not to interfere with the meditative, pure character of a Japanese garden. All plants are elaborately cultivated and cut into shape.

This is especially true for the bonsai. Like the garden as a whole, the bonsai in detail is and is intended to be the image of a landscape on a small scale the harmony and unity of man and nature symbolize.

Since a Japanese garden comes into its own, if it blends harmoniously into its environment, This should be separated with white thorns, tall grasses or a bamboo hedge. The bamboo stands for both stability and flexibility. The Japanese garden is especially authentic when the Japanese bamboo type Semiarundinaria makinoi is planted. Since, depending on the type of bamboo, the roots are very strong, a rhizome barrier in the form of a pond liner, a plastic or several concrete manhole rings is required.

Also typical of a Japanese garden, especially for a Zen garden, are mosses growing on the higher mountain slopes of the Japanese islands. They stand because of their survivability for durability and a long life. Together with other small-leaved, low-growing plants, they give the Japanese garden its typical appearance.

ways

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: japanese

In the Japanese garden is largely dispensed with a straight Wegführung. Instead the narrow lanes run in gentle curves, to offer many surprising perspectives. Therefore, the paths are also partially bumpy and uneven, so as not to let the viewer go apathetically through the garden.

In this respect, the Japanese garden resembles the English landscape garden, where every new view should look like a painting. Straight ways are used only for a targeted view guidance.

The paths are made of gravel, tread plates or other natural materials such as hard-packed clay, bark mulch and small branches. Concrete, asphalt or pavement would distort the expression of a Japanese garden. The areas between the paths are created as gently rising hills, twisted water courses and irregular gravel areas.

Gartendeko

Japanese Garden: Create a Japanese Garden: create

Lanterns, bowls, pagodas and sculptures of deities made of stone have a pronounced symbolic meaning and are therefore carefully selected and set up. For example, stone lanterns are made of granite originally for tea ceremony, which often takes place in the evening. At water edges or bends, they can also develop a decorative effect and contribute to the special atmosphere in a Japanese garden. Man-made natural stone bowls symbolize the unity of controlled and uncontrolled nature.

Statues depicting Buddha or one of the seven Japanese gods of fortune are not prominently displayed and illuminated, but randomly placed in an inconspicuous place. The use of smaller replicas of pagodas also adds to the typical look of a Japanese garden. They originally served to store relics and sacred texts.

Overall should the use of different elements only sparingly so as not to interfere with the meditative character of the Japanese garden.

Buildings and architectural constructions

Unlike the Chinese Garden, only bridges and teahouses play a greater role than architectural constructions. They are as Places of lingering, reflection and meditation to understand.

For example, bridges mark thresholds to different rooms. When entering a bridge, one concludes symbolically with something old and turns to something new. Depending on how you look at the water flowing underneath, you look towards the future or back to the past. At the same time, looking back into the past is by no means to be understood as a backwardness. Rather, it is an expression of traditional ties.

Tea houses belong to one Tea garden, which serves only the Japanese tea ceremony. The tea garden includes at least one gate, a waiting area, a waterstone and a tea house. The tea house is simply furnished and should help the visitor to inner retreat. Before going to the teahouse, you have to take a seat in a waiting area. This can be a bench in a square or a small pavilion. The tea garden is completely surrounded by dense bamboo or shrubs to give a sense of wildness and originality.

Excursus: Chinese Garden

Even though Chinese garden art and its design principles are fundamental to the Japanese garden, Japanese garden art has been able to develop its own pronounced formal language over the centuries.

While the Japanese garden focuses more on its meditative effect, it is in the Chinese garden primarily a lifelike illustration of a landscape on a small scale. Therefore, it would also be unthinkable to replace water with white gravel or to dispense with one of the other design elements. Unlike the Japanese Garden, buildings and architectural constructions play a major role.

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Video Board: Beautiful Small Japanese Garden Designs