Types of mortar: what mortar is all about

Brickwork and masonry mortar, dry mortar, thin-bed mortar... there seem to be a thousand types of mortar. This article should help to shed some light on the confusing diversity in the mortar world. Read on here.

Mortars have different compositions depending on the purpose

Mortar is important - after all, it provides for buildings for the stability and many other building properties. However, there is a bewildering variety of mortar types that can quickly mess you up.

The most common today is dry mortar, which must be mixed with water - in contrast to the fresh mortar, which must be processed immediately.

Types of dry mortar

  • Masonry mortar used for exposed brickwork and facing bricks
  • Hintermauermörtel, the actual masonry mortar for joint and storage joints, which is also used as Leichtmauermörtel in energy-efficient construction
  • Thin-bed mortars can always be used when the wall materials have very precise dimensions and are particularly flat, such as, for example, facing stones
  • Ready-mix mortar is used to grout exposed masonry
  • Roofing mortar is used for the laying of the gravel stones

In addition, there are special natural stone mortars for natural stones, special manhole mortars are used in sewer construction, and special mortar types with special compositions are also available for special building materials, such as glass bricks.

mortar groups

At the same time, the different types of mortar are grouped into groups - lime mortar, lime mortar and cement mortar. These groups are also defined accordingly in the DIN.

This means that a backyard mortar can be either a lime mortar or a cement mortar - in some cases also a lime cement mortar. That is, the groups depend on the composition of the mortar, while the types of mortar are based on the intended use.

Tips & Tricks

You always need the right mortar for the right purpose. In case of emergency, ask twice, but not enough. There is no stability with the wrong mortar.

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