The supreme discipline of roofing - the slate cover

Slate is a natural product that has been used by humans for a long time. In addition to natural stone tiles and slate slates, one of the main uses is slate roofing and facades. Especially in Germany, the slate cover has been extended to the highest roofing art.

Slate - the natural product has been used for thousands of years

Already in the Neolithic period people used slates for building houses. Like so many ancient building techniques, the slate cover was then perfected by the Romans. Partly not only slate roof constructions from those days have survived the time. The slate-covering techniques established by the Romans are still used today.

Slate is very important

The reputation of exclusivity has also been built up by slate over the centuries. The rural population was reserved for wooden houses and soft roofs (straw, thatch, reeds). However, the narrow construction in the medieval cities quickly displaced this construction method. If a fire broke out, it usually had devastating consequences.

From the castle to the community center - slate is always the first choice

That is why the change to brownstone houses with slate cover took place already in the Middle Ages. At the same time, the slate cover also represented the financial strength of the homeowner. Therefore, it is no coincidence that generous mansions and knights' houses, palaces, castles and later industrial villas were often covered with slate.

The slate cover in our time

After the Second World War, an industrialization of the construction industry began, as they did not exist until then. The slate cover was then largely superseded. It was not until the 1970s that building owners increasingly discovered the natural product slate again for their construction projects. Today a slate roofing stands for exclusive, yet natural living ambience.

In Germany, slate roofing is more pronounced than anywhere else

While slate coverage in our neighboring countries remained comparatively undeveloped (France knows only a few dozen laying techniques, and only one in England), Germany has created a wide variety of slate coverings that is unique in Germany. Overall, you can distinguish more than 250 decking techniques in Germany.

  • Old german slate cover
  • wild cover
  • shed coverage
  • drawn cover
  • linear coverage
  • dynamic coverage
  • Coquettes (decorative cover)
  • Octagones (decorative cover)
  • Honeycomb (decorative cover)
  • Chain pack (decorative cover)
  • Pointed angle (decorative cover)
  • Fish scales (decorative cover)

The listed coverages are only the most important. The variety of slates is much larger.

The construction of a slate cover

The slate cover is traditionally designed as a cold roof. This means that the roofing must be ventilated. The slate tiles themselves are usually mounted on a wooden formwork. When mounting different techniques are used.

  • Slate nails hot-dip galvanized
  • Slate nails beaten
  • Forged slate nails
  • Copper nails or pins
  • Edelstahlschraubstifte

Highest craftsmanship is required

Slate Roofing is the highest art of roofing. Many decking techniques use unevenly sized slate tiles, while for other decking techniques, slab panels are used. In terms of thickness, slate slabs worldwide meet the highest quality standards in Germany.

The premier class: Old German cover and wild slate cover

The Old German slate cover and the wild cover represent the most difficult disciplines in the slate slabs. For example, in the Old German covering slate slabs from the bottom (eaves) up (First) are always smaller and therefore rejuvenate.

In the wild slate bandage, the individual slabs are laid to feel, in order to obtain a homogeneous overall picture. It is not for nothing that these slate coverings are regarded as absolute supreme discipline for roofers.

Even for skilled roofers, slate coverage means the highest standards

Therefore, slate coverage should only be carried out by an absolute expert who can demonstrate genuine and long-standing experience in slate roofing. Under no circumstances is the slate cover a discipline for do-it-yourselfers. Of course, this is not true if you are really busy with slate coverings.

Tips & Tricks

The noblest and thus most expensive slate comes in Germany from the region around the Moselle. Due to the high quality of the Moselle slate is also used only for Old German slate cover and the wild slate cover.

Video Board: Truth Or Tradition - Jim Staley