Pull lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) in the herb garden

Pull lemon balm in the garden bed

Pull lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) in the herb garden: lemon

The lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), often referred to as melissa, is a Mediterranean plant and belongs to the mint family. The spice, bee pasture and medicinal plant became the Medicinal plant of the year 1988 chosen and thrives well in the home garden.

The herbaceous plant can be up to 120 inches high and forms an underground rhizome from which many foothills depart. The lemon balm can spread quickly throughout the garden and can easily be hibernated outdoors.

Be the fresh, aromatic leaves of lemon balm possibly harvested before flowering and then used as a kitchen spice or used to flavor cold drinks and fresh salads.

We have for you below important tips for cultivation and care of lemon balm collected.

Worth knowing about lemon balm

The lemon balm blooms in bright colors between July and October and attracts many insects and bees with its pleasant citrus fragrance. Not for nothing the plant is called in Greek "Melissa", which means "honey bee", or in German "beekeeping" or "beekeeping". Because the lemon balm is one of the bee carrots, because it produces a lot of nectar and pollen and is therefore often flown by bees.

The original home of the aromatic lemon balm is the Middle East. Today it is grown in many temperate countries, especially in Germany and Italy. The melissa can look back on a long tradition, because already the ancient Greeks and Romans appreciated the plant and used the herb for healing and spice purposes.

Claims and ideal location of lemon balm

Pull lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) in the herb garden: balm

The lemon balm can easily be cultivated in your own garden.

The lemon balm is a very frugal plant that easy to grow and thrive in many places can. She prefers partially shaded to sunny locations, which have a nutrient-rich, sandy clay soil. The soil may be acidic, calcareous or neutral, but melissa does not require any special requirements in this regard.

Because the melissa extremely susceptible to standing moisture If it reacts, it is important to pay attention to a permeable substrate during cultivation and to help it if necessary: ​​fine sand and compost loosen up the soil and an additional drainage layer of expanded clay or small clay slats has a positive effect on the soil texture and permeability. Especially in a bucket planting this layer is crucial for a healthy plant growth.

When choosing the location, it must be remembered that the lemon balm is at a height of about 100 centimeters often very bushy and spreading can be. Do not place this herb next to smaller plants that would be damaged by natural shading. Nevertheless, you can cultivate the lemon balm also in an herb bed or in the appropriate climate zone of a herbal spiral. In addition, the site should be protected from the wind to prevent premature kinking of long shoots.

Plant melissa in the bed

Pull lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) in the herb garden: balm

The rhizome of melissa forms long foothills and can spread so quickly throughout the garden.

When planting lemon balm as a container, there is little to pay attention to. As an ideal time, the May has proven because after the ice saints no night frosts threaten more. Beforehand, you can place the root ball in a water-filled container until no more air bubbles rise. While the plant is standing in the water, you can start digging the planting holes.

When choosing the location, make sure you have enough planting distance of about 35x35 cm between each young plant. Lemon balm quickly becomes very broad and confusing, so it needs enough space and light for healthy growth. The planting hole should be slightly larger than the root area and can be equipped with an additional drainage layer. A handful of horn chips optimizes the soil composition and facilitates rooting.

Finally put the wet root ball in the excavated hole and cover it with the prepared excavation. Press firmly and water vigorously.

Tip: Lemon balm is too big for cultivation in a flower pot, but can be kept in sufficiently wide tubs on the balcony. Pay attention here to an optimized water drainage.

Care of lemon balm

Pull lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) in the herb garden: lemon

The lemon balm can be harvested whenever needed. Optimally, the harvest takes place before flowering.

After planting is one regular watering especially important because young plants tolerate persistent dryness as well as waterlogged conditions only very badly. Once the plant has grown, daily watering can be stopped. Only during long dry periods in midsummer the bed should be watered additionally.

A Fertilization is not beneficial for the moderate lemon balm because the sensitive leaves quickly take on an unpleasant taste when treated with chemical concentrates. Make conscious use of high-quality potting soil enriched with nutrient-rich compost. In this way, you can give your melissa optimal growth conditions without jeopardizing the pleasant aroma.

For beautiful, fresh leaves the lemon balm is harvested several times. After the cut, the spice plant sprouts again and forms again aromatic leaves, which can be cut off as needed. Ideally, you harvest before flowering, because now the proportion of essential oils is very high and the leaves are particularly tasty.

The lemon balm is hardy and does not require additional winter protection in the field. Container plants can additionally be covered with nonwovens and placed on a polystyrene plate.

Multiply lemon balm

Pull lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) in the herb garden: pull

The lemon balm spreads a pleasant citrus scent in the summer garden.

Lemon balm can be multiplied in many ways. The easiest way is the division of the plant to the beginning of shoot in spring. Dig out the plant and cut the rhizome with a sharp knife. Subsequently, the two plant parts can be used again, preferably in fresh soil for optimal growth.

Alternatively, seeds can be sown in early spring. Since it is about so-called light germ It is important to ensure that the small seeds are only pressed and not covered with soil. After all, not all seeds will eventually produce plants, so you can quietly lay out some more seeds in the bed.

More promising is one Prefer from February on the warm windowsill. Make sure, however, that the seedlings do not dry up due to excessive sunlight. The young seedlings can then be planted from May and already have a growth advantage over weeds, which facilitates their growth and prosperity.

Fourth option is the cuttings propagation. To do this, cut cuttings from the mother plant and allow them to form fine roots in a pot under transparent foil before they are placed in the open bed.

Diseases and pests

Pull lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) in the herb garden: officinalis

The leather bug sucks out the sap and eats holes in the leaves.

The lemon balm is considered robust and not very susceptible. Nevertheless, more fungal diseases can be observed on the plants, which is due to poor ventilation of the leaves: moist leaves provide the ideal target for fungal spores. Therefore, never water the foliage as much as possible, but always the ground around the plant base and keep a sufficient planting distance.

Should a plant be infested with mildew (floury coating on the leaf surface) or mint rust (brown pustules on the underside of the leaf) Diseased parts of the plant were cut off and disposed of with household waste. Do not put affected leaves on the compost, as this is where the fungal spores would spread quickly.

Alternatively, you can use an infested leaf Specialists in the specialist market show and buy appropriate sprays. Afterwards, the melissa can not be further processed. A treatment with home remedies usually shows no success in fungal diseases.

As often as you can Watch small pests on the plant. The aphids, bugs or cicadas feed on the tasty leaves and can lead to complete baldness in case of heavy infestation. Home gardeners can help with sticky gel sheets or insecticides approved for home garden use.

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