Mediterranean fruits

If one thinks of Mediterranean fruits, one immediately citrus fruits. But the Mediterranean fruit world has much more to offer than lemons and oranges. Here is a small excerpt from the diverse fruit world of the Mediterranean.


citrus fruits are originally from Southeast Asia. Because of their high vitamin C content, citrus fruits are not only healthy, they also optimally stimulate fat burning.

The slightly sourish fruit is indispensable in any kitchen. Citrus fruits are not only suitable for processing in desserts, such as fruit salad, jam or candied. Just her juice and her peel are great with meat and fish.

Typical citrus fruits are orange, lemon, lime, grapefruit, tangerine and kumquat.


The genus of figs is very diverse with about 800 species. Some species are great as indoor plants, while other species are popular shade donors in warm regions.
Figs are grown throughout the Mediterranean area. The small tree grows gnarled and spreading. Depending on the variety, about five months after flowering, you can harvest small green to purple fruits that resemble a pear. Its pulp tastes very sweet and is rich in vitamin B and minerals. Figs fit very well in fruit salad, but also taste great with meat dishes.

Mediterranean fruits: olives

olives are the epitome of Mediterranean fruits, even if you do not initially think of a fruit. Olive fruits grow on gnarled, branched trees. The largest yield can be achieved after about 20 years. The Mediterranean stone fruit consists, as the name suggests, of a core surrounded by soft flesh. While the flesh of ripe olives tastes very good as antipasti, the kernel is not edible. Olives are very fatty. For this reason, 90% of olive yields flow into oil production. Extra Virgin Olive Oil is cold pressed and low in acidity. This makes it very high quality. Olive oil is used in healthy cooking and also in cosmetics.

Melon on the bush

melons belong to the cucurbits. They are cultivated in subtropical regions.
One differentiates between water and sugar melons. Watermelons have a green shell with red flesh that is traversed by black kernels. They have a high water content and taste wonderfully refreshing.
In contrast, sugar melons are made up of the familiar types such as honeydew melon, galia melon, nettle melon or cantaloupe melon. They have a green to yellow-brown shell, while the pulp is white, yellow or reddish. Sweet melons taste very sweet. They are therefore great for the production of fruit salad, but also fit perfectly as a contrast to salty and hearty dishes. A classic is melon with Parma ham.

Almond on almond tree

almonds belong to the rose plants. The seeds of the stone fruit are suitable for consumption. The small, aromatic and kernel-like seeds taste sweet or slightly bitter depending on the variety. Almonds grow on small trees that can grow up to 8 meters high. The flowering period is from March to April and is a highlight, for example. on the island of Mallorca. Almonds can be used wonderfully to refine desserts or even meat dishes. Roasted, they are particularly aromatic. Also popular is almond liqueur, so-called Amaretto.

peach tree

peaches count as almonds to the rose plants. Peaches are grown in the vineyards of central and southern Europe due to their high heat requirement. The peach tree needs to be cut back regularly, otherwise it will be shed. After flowering in April you can harvest the drupes. They are roundish and covered with velvety hair. While you can not eat the stone, the flesh tastes sweet and aromatic. Vineyard peaches have a white pulp, while the more popular peach has a yellow-red pulp. A variation of the peach, but with a smooth skin, is the nectarine.


The shrub of the pomegranate grows tall and bushy and can live for several hundred years. The fruit, the pomegranate, gets its name because of its shape. It is apple-shaped and is initially green, red when ripe. Its seeds, which are located in small chambers of the fruit, can be easily dissolved and decorated with desserts. Pomegranates are very healthy. They have a high potassium, vitamin C and iron content. The pomegranate is harvested between September and December.

Video Board: My Garden Your Garden - Mediterranean Fruit Trees