Mediterranean garden design

Mediterranean gardens make us feel welcome. Warm colors and generously proportioned structures make the Mediterranean garden design lively and happy.

Mediterranean garden

Contents: Mediterranean garden design

  • Mediterranean garden design - the planning is elementary
  • Styles: From enchanted to perfectly detailed gardens
  • Mediterranean terrace design
  • Irrigation of the Mediterranean garden
  • Optimal soil condition

Coast of the Algarve

The Mediterranean area includes the countries around the Mediterranean. These include u.a. Turkey, Greece, Italy, France, Spain, but also Portugal, Morocco and Egypt.
The climate in the Mediterranean is subtropical, in winter it is mild, temperatures rarely fall below freezing. In summer, however, it is very hot, the air is dry and it hardly rains.
Especially Mediterranean plants have adapted and adapted to these climatic conditions.
However, the garden is not just a nice appendage to a house. In the Mediterranean, most of the daily life takes place outdoors. Clear that the Mediterranean garden is the figurehead of a family and occupies the position of the living room or the study. In the garden is eaten, celebrated and relaxed, but also worked and negotiated.

Mediterranean garden design - the planning is elementary

Important for the garden design is initially a plan to succeed. It is irrelevant whether it is a reorganization or redesign of the garden. Of course, the plan should be realistic. For example, One should think early on whether you want to equip only a part of the garden, so a bed, with Mediterranean plants or directly transformed the whole garden into a thriving paradise. Only with a good preparation can you achieve a considerable result.

Plan garden structure

First, you should ask four basic questions.

  • How much time do you want to invest in garden maintenance? Think early on whether you want to design a care-intensive or -light garden. So you should also consider the plant of the Mediterranean garden, whether you want to maintain the garden itself or he should be cared for by a gardener.
  • How much time do you give the plants to grow? Do you choose plants that are still growing and therefore cheaper to buy or plants that are already fully grown and even prettily cut?
  • Is there enough space in the garden to implement a planned design? Get an overview of the space and the sunshine.
  • What is your budget, which can be invested? Note the costs of plants, gravel, natural stone and decorative items, such as a fountain. Who hires a gardener, you should be aware of these costs.

Also, think about the role of the garden in your life. Depending on whether you spend a lot of time outside or maybe playing with small children there, the structure of the Mediterranean garden looks good.
Mediterranean gardens must be sunny, as the Mediterranean flora has adapted perfectly to the subtropical climate.
It is true that the sunnier and more sheltered the garden is, the more creative freedom you have.


In order to get an exact overview of the lighting conditions, it is advisable to document the garden. Photograph the garden on a sunny day from the upper floor of your house. Capture light and shadow in summer and winter. So you can estimate which plant optimally fits in which place.

Also a photo of the garden is very helpful for the alignment and structure. Draw the garden outline and the light and shadow gradients on a sheet of paper. Now you can enter exactly where a wall or a pergola is to be created and where you can do with the planting and the needs of the flowers.

Styles: From enchanted to perfectly detailed gardens

As well as the interior can vary, the Mediterranean garden design are also no limits. If you have decided on a style, then you should stay with it.
To give a better overview, a distinction is made between different styles:

Mediterranean garden

Rustic rustic gardens are characterized by their idyllic charm. They are spacious and anything but orderly.
Here is the benefit of the appearance, but this style convinces with a lot of charisma.
In addition to walls and terraced beds of natural stone, this garden attracts with contrasts of flowering and fragrant creepers. Here it does not bother if a curious little plant flashes through a gap or the building fabric of a wall becomes ailing over time.

Mediterranean garden in the Renaissance style

The formal renaissance garden On the other hand, it impresses with its simplicity. This style can be admired especially in Tuscany. The perfectly trimmed hedges in geometric shapes are made of evergreen cypresses or pines. Only rarely do you see flowering plants.

modern garden design

Modern gardens you know from the holidays. Here you feel comfortable and can let the soul dangle under palm trees. Impressive here is the precise execution, which is adapted to the needs of northern European tourists: sunbathing area, pool and palm trees. Of course, characteristic flowers like hibiscus, mallow or gazania in warm colors should not be missing.

Tropical garden

The tropical garden design leans, as the name implies, on the tropics. Lush overgrown with lush, exotic plants in rich colors, the garden is reminiscent of a jungle.

Mediterranean terrace design

terrace design

In southern European countries, it is quite common to create several terraces. These can be created around the house, at various places in the garden or in steps. Through intense sunlight, the terraces can be used according to their own claim and discretion.
In the summer you can enjoy breakfast outside, offering a place in the morning sun.
If you still want to see the stars over a glass of wine in the evening, this is best enjoyed on a sheltered terrace.
The soil is mostly made of natural stone. Cypresses or citrus trees provide shade. A great alternative to awnings and awnings is a covered pergola.
Mediterranean gardens are often decorated with potted plants. Here you should fall back on terracotta vessels. They not only visually great fit, also water is stored here very well. These pots are planted with flowering plants or fragrant herbs.
Who wants to set up garden furniture, should keep in mind that the Mediterranean garden design should be as simple and easy. Natural shades are just the thing. Garden furniture made of rattan give the terrace a lounge character, wooden furniture is stable and always fit. Particularly charismatic are delicately decorated chairs made of iron and mosaic tables.
If you really want to bring color into the game, you should pick up the colors of the countries around the Mediterranean, green and blue.

Irrigation of the Mediterranean garden

Mediterranean gardens have their origins in the Orient. Because of this, water is an important element, which not only has a decorative character.

Waterfall in the garden

If a pond is too maintenance intensive, that is best advised with a fountain. The splashing of the water has a calming effect. And if you have small children, you can relax in the garden, because a fountain is not nearly as dangerous as a pond.
Mediterranean plants are true sun worshipers and get along well with little water. Nevertheless, one should not neglect the supply of cool water. If you like it uncomplicated, you can rely on automatic irrigation. It implements all irrigation techniques of the owner, fully automatic and not very time consuming.

Optimal soil condition

optimal soil condition for strawberry plants

Depending on the style, the quality of the soil also varies. For a natural, enchanted garden we recommend the use of loose, dry soil. Mix gravel and sand under the ground. Broken gravel is particularly good, because it looks natural and keeps away because of its sharp edges and snails.
After planting gravel or mulch is reused as the upper layer. It helps to keep weeds and to save water.
An orderly garden, e.g. The Renaissance garden is much more nurturing. Although no special soil preparation needs to be considered here, a good drainage of water must still be possible. In addition, the soil must not be too sandy.

Video Board: Mediterranean garden ideas