Microwave comparison 2018

Purchase advice on the microwave comparison or test 2018

  • Today, three quarters of all German households have a microwave oven, which can probably be explained by their versatility: food can be warmed or thawed; some appliances still offer a grill, hot air or steam cooking function. Such combination devices can replace a conventional stove or oven.
  • Depending on the type and quantity of food, the use of microwave ovens can save up to 80% energy and 50% time compared to a conventional preparation in the oven or stove.
  • The fears of some consumers that electromagnetic radiation emanates from the microwave could not be confirmed by the Federal Office for Radiation Protection. Nevertheless, there are some things, e.g. when preparing poultry, which the user should observe when using the microwave oven, so that it does not pose a health risk.

Microwave comparison 2018: microwave

According to the Federal Statistics Office already owned in the year 2000 over half of German households with 56,1 % a microwave; 2016 it is even73,3%, The microwave is in daily use in almost every household and enjoys great popularity.

Probably that's the am featured Many of them can defrost frozen food, heat food, cook or grill in a short time. Depending on the model even more functions are possible.

There is a Variety of microwave types, Whether you are looking for a combi appliance, such as an additional steam cooker or oven function, or a simple microwave with the standard functions is the right choice, how big the microwave oven should be and how important the performance is, you will find out in our microwaves Comparison 2018.

1. Microwave: history, features, features

1.1. History of the microwave oven

Microwave comparison 2018: food

A modern Medion brand microwave oven with a power of 700 watts.

With the term microwave is meant in the traditional sense, not the home appliance, but the Frequency range of electromagnetic waves from 1 to 300 GHz, which is bounded at the bottom by radio waves and at the top by the infrared range.

But we want to use the microwave oven - as well microwave oven, microwave oven or short microwave called - to deal with. Percy Spencer, an American engineer, was one of the first to find out Heat food with microwave radiation can.

In year 1947 Spencer finally built the very first microwave - initially under the name Radarange, This device was then a colossus with a height of 1.80 m and a weight of 340 kg.

The first commercial microwave ovens arose 1954, had a capacity of 1,600 watts and cost a staggering $ 2,000 to $ 3,000. For comparison, today's devices have a power of 700 to 1,000 watts and rarely cost more than 300 US dollars.

Before microwave ovens even got into the home private kitchens, they were more likely to be in first passenger aircraft and later in commercial kitchens in use. The first device, which is widely used in Households was found, cost $ 495 and came 1965 on the market.

In the 1970s, microwave prices fell and sales increased. Whole 95% of American households owned in the year 1997 one microwave oven.

1.2. Microwave ovens and their functional possibilities

The microwave test has shown that microwaves usually have several functions that we would like to briefly introduce:

thawingIf you have taken food out of your freezer, you can thaw it in the microwave oven to start processing faster. The defrost function is a standard function of the microwave and works with low power - This has physical reasons: The heat from the liquid portions of the food takes time to be dissipated to the solid components by conduction.
To the Thawing of insensitive foods, such as. Meat, vegetables, bread or fruit, we recommend a performance of 150 to 200 watts, Some delicate food, such as a cream pie, should be lower in performance, about 100 wattsto be thawed.
HeatIn Germany, the standard heating function is in the foreground when using the microwave. When heating a dish you should have a microwave power of not more than 400 watts over a period of 3 to 5 minutes choose. A particularly good one heat distribution in the food succeeds, if you leave the meal after the microwave use again 2 minutes. To the keeping warm a dish 200 to 300 watts suitable; at the Heating liquids you need around 800 watts.
FermentCooking is also a function that every conventional microwave oven has. For the cooking of food is an achievement of 600 watts, If you set a higher power, so you need less time, it will happen quickly that the food will dry out and not reach the desired temperature. To cook in the microwave are usually all food suitable: Meat, vegetables, fish, potatoes etc.
grillingNot every microwave has a grill function. in the combi boiler Microwave with grill you can, for example, barbecue meat. This grill function is similar to the oven, but is not necessarily comparable to the charcoal grill in the garden. There are simple models that only heat from above, and better models that heat from below and above. Does the device have a infrared grill, the heat is distributed more evenly than, for example, at one quartz grill, In particular for preparing baked food and gratinThere is a microwave with a grill.

Furthermore, some microwaves may additionally have one Hot air or steam cooking function offer to prepare food gently. Some microwave ovens are even suitable for to bake of cakes or muffins as well Cook of stews and soups.

How to save time and energy: If you had known that when cooking in the microwave, depending on the type and quantity of the dish, up to 80% energy and 50% time compared to the conventional preparation, e.g. on the stove, can save? The smaller the portion, the higher this effect.

Energy and time savings can therefore be advantages when using microwaves. We have at this point again all Advantages and disadvantages of using microwave ovens in a nutshell:

  • easy handling
  • one device, versatile (for thawing, heating, cooking, etc.)
  • not only suitable for heating food, but also e.g. of grain pillows
  • Practical reasons - dishes in the microwave do not get hot
  • saves time
  • saves energy
  • Microwaveable dishes are required
  • sometimes no uniform heating of the food (cold spots) and thus survival of germs possible
  • Nutrients are lost in case of incorrect operation or too long cooking time

Attention! The Stiftung Warentest In a statement in 2000, it pointed out that pathogen like Salmonella or Listeria in poultry, which was cooked in the microwave, can survive. This is on the uneven heating due to food in the microwave oven. If you are not so practiced in dealing with the microwave, you should prepare poultry, minced meat, egg dishes better on the stove or in the oven.

1.3. Technique: How does a microwave oven work?

The microwaves, ie the electromagnetic radiation, are produced in the microwave oven by the conversion of electric current. Responsible for this is the core of a microwave oven, the magnetron, The so-called Wellenrührer ensures that the microwaves generated are distributed throughout the oven.

The microwaves generated by the magnetron hit the food in the appliance. In this are more or less water molecules and when the microwaves hit the molecules, the water in the food is made to vibrate. In this way, both the water and the food is warm. A turntable can additionally contribute to distributing the heat.

The located in the microwave oven metallic walls and with one wire mesh provided window in the door of the cooking chamber reflects the microwaves multiple times.

The microwave dishes do not get warm - why? It contains no water molecules that can be made to vibrate to generate heat.

Hereinafter Video will you How a microwave oven works once more clearly explained:

2. Purchase advice: You must pay attention to this when buying a microwave

2.1. Microwave types and functionality

Microwave comparison 2018: food

You see one Built-in microwave (Manufacturer: Bomann), which can be integrated into a cabinet. A solo microwave, however, is freely placeable in the kitchen.

Microwaves may be e.g. with regard to the range of functions, whether they are free-standing or intended for installation. We give you a summary of the most important models:

  • Built-in microwave - can be completely installed in the cabinet and still be adequately ventilated
  • Solo microwave - Placed freely in the kitchen
  • Combined microwave - have more than the basic functions (heating, thawing): microwaves with oven, Microwaves with Steamers, Microwaves with grill, Microwaves with hot air

Whichever microwave category you choose, you should depend on how well your kitchen is already equipped. If, for example, you have no space for a stove with oven, a microwave with oven function is certainly a suitable purchase.

Especially combination microwaves with grill or oven function are a great option for student apartments or shared flats with small kitchens. Such Combination appliances with grill or oven have the following advantages:

  • low space consumption
  • faster preparation of food (faster heating than possible with an oven)
  • energy-saving (a microwave has a maximum power of 1,500 watts, an oven but up to 3,500 watts)
  • more practical than a (older) ovens thanks to timer function
  • larger selection of cooking programs

2.2. Dimensions and capacity

Microwave comparison 2018: oven

This combi microwave with grill has one Capacity of 42 liters and a performance of 2,700 watts, The turntable has a diameter of 36 cm.

You see in our microwave test that the different models can have different dimensions. By default Microwave ovens have an approximate Width of 45 cm, one Height of 30 cm and a Depth of 33 cm, The size data are only rough indications.

Many retailers list their microwaves based on capacity or volume. The higher that volume or the capacityThe more you can accommodate in the microwave oven. The capacity is mostly between 13 and 42 liters.

But: Note that space and energy savings are lost when you buy a microwave oven that has a volume of e.g. Has 42 liters.

If you want to replace an oven with a combi microwave, you should make sure that the microwave with oven or grill function is not too small and you may need a special microwave Stainless can be used, for example. prepare two pizzas at the same time. The minimum capacity should be here 30 liters be.

2.3. capacity

Cheap microwaves often only have an output of 700 watts, more expensive models also point out 1,000 watts or more on. High capacity microwaves should also have higher power since larger amounts of food also require higher heating power.

For the operation of the microwave device, it is advantageous if you use the wattage regulate in small steps can to heat your food precisely.

Your microwave test winner should not less than 700 watts However, as a rule, you do not need more than 1,000 watts either, as you can assume that the devices also have a very high power consumption with very high wattages. High performance is not necessarily synonymous with high quality.

Microwave comparison 2018: microwave

2.4. Microwave programs & functions

Microwave comparison 2018: food

This microwave menu has eight automatic programs.

Depending on the model, microwave ovens usually have between four and eleven power levelsso you can adjust the wattage at will. Some devices also have one Quick Start functionin which the cooking time is only half a minute at full power.

For some devices from the microwave test, there are practical ones Automatic programs, Using small pictures, you can see which types of food (fish, meat, vegetables, etc.) can be prepared with which program. Sometimes, instead of images, you will also find different names of foods.

More expensive microwave ovens often offer the option of the user individual programming can make. This means you can provide buttons with certain functions. Example: With button 5, the microwave always heats with 300 watts for 4 minutes.

As far as the operating options of microwave ovens are concerned, there are considerable differences. Simple ovens often only have two knobs: one button for the preparation time and one for the required wattage or power.

The disadvantage of these models is that only very rough settings are possible. For precise cooking or roasting Such microwaves are not suitable. If you are keen on keeping to exact cooking times, the best microwave for you is one that has oneDigital display or sensor keys features.

Some microwave models still own special functions, These can u.a. his:

  • special pizza or fish programs
  • a distinction according to meat categories
  • the ability to start multiple programs as a fixed sequence
  • Timer and beep (now standard on every model)
  • childlock

2.5. Safety: windows, radiation & pollutants

Microwave comparison 2018: food

Microwaves with viewing window are useful if you want to get an overview of the state of the cooking process, without interrupting it by opening the door.

There are both devices with and without window, You should, however, prefer a microwave oven with a view of the interior, because you do not have to interrupt the cooking process by opening the microwave door if you want to check the condition of your food. Even if food burns or overcooked, you do not notice this with privacy-protected models.

For a long time, there was the misconception that microwaves emitted dangerous electromagnetic radiation - so-called leakage radiation. However, many studies now confirm that microwaves, what the radiation exposure are concerned, are harmless - insofar as the devices are perfectly functional. This means the door should close tightly and the microwave should automatically shut off when the door is opened.

The Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) has found in studies no evidence that cells and tissues of humans are harmed by microwaved food. Although jets are emitted, they are below the limit of 5 mW / cm² and therefore stand no health risk represents.

If the consumer handles the microwave properly (see also point 3 of our guide), it usually does not happen Emergence of harmful substancesthat get into the food:

Proper handling: Use only microwaveable dishes and never plastic, as lead-containing paint may leak out there. In addition, the plastic can melt and get into the food. Food should be removed from packaging as much as possible before heating.

3. Tips for using the microwave

What is not allowed in the microwave?
  • eggs
  • oil
  • chestnuts
  • granola bar
  • Plate with gold rim or metal ornament
  • stainless steel pots
  • Bowls of aluminum
  • cutlery

  • Be sure to heat the food in the microwave to at least 70° C with it pathogen (Salmonella eg.) Are killed.
  • Salt Your food in the microwave only after cooking, because salt deprives the food moisture.The result is dried oven results from the microwave.
  • When cooking you have to no fat add; only with low-liquid food must some water be added.
  • pieksen Microwave tomatoes or sausages before cooking, otherwise they will burst. Raw eggs also burst.
  • Are the cooking times longer, stir or turn The food. You can also turn the food 180° (especially if you have a microwave that does not have a turntable).
  • Use Microwaveable dishes, such as. Porcelain, ceramics, glass or microwaveable plastic or silicone containers. It is not suitable dishes with metal or gold decor, stainless steel pots, aluminum dishes or other containers made of metal. Also aluminum foil is taboo!
  • use no closed vessels, as the resulting pressure explosion danger. Open sealed containers before heating.
  • Let the microwave not without content run as it can cause irreparable damage. The reason is the radiation inside the device, which can not be absorbed by the food.
  • Select a low temperature or power level from 100 to 150 watts thawing Frozen food, otherwise it comes to large temperature fluctuations.

4. Questions and answers around the topic of microwave

4.1. Can there be any loss of nutrients when preparing food in the microwave?

Microwave comparison 2018: oven

Preparing your food in the microwave will not result in more nutrient loss than using the cooker or oven.

Microwave jets have low energy and thus no cell-altering effect, However, heating food in the microwave oven can cause some of the ingredients to be destroyed, as when cooking on the stove. This is known in particular from heat-sensitive vitamins.

One even assumes that when preparing with the microwave less nutrient losses occur because the preparation time is significantly shorter than on the stove. In addition, because less water is used when cooking in the microwave, not so many minerals, trace elements, etc. can pass into the cooking fluid.

4.2. Can microwave radiation be carcinogenic?

Insofar as the limits are met and you do not use a defective microwave, you can assume that microwaves no influence on the genetic material or can cause cancer.

4.3. How can I clean my microwave quickly?

For the Cleaning from the inside take a cup and fill it halfway with water. Then add two tablespoons of vinegar. Then put the cup in the microwave for about two minutes, which will set you to the highest power level.

The resulting heat vaporizes the vinegar and helps to remove grease and other debris from the walls of the appliance. With a damp cloth, you can then wipe the remains of the walls of the microwave and your device is clean again.

The outdoor cleaning The microwave is also very simple: simply wipe the housing with a rag. If your device has a stainless steel front, it is worth using a special cleaner.

4.4. What distinguishes microwave dishes?

Microwave comparison 2018: microwave

A Microwave bowl made of plastic with a capacity of 1.8 liters.

Special crockery specially made for use in the microwave is usually made plastic, An advantage is that you can use this harness not only for the microwave, but also for freezing of food.

There is also microwave dishes dishwasher safe and the material does not absorb odors, In terms of capacity, you will find many different types of microwave-suitable dishes in the trade.

The cover of the microwave dishes acts as splash guardIn order to protect your device from soiling, foods should splash when heated.

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Video Board: ✅Microwave: Best Microwave 2018 (Buying Guide)