Mini pond for balcony and terrace


No matter if you do not have enough space for a garden pond, or if you want to do without a large pond, a mini pond is a space-saving, simple and cost-effective alternative. Here we describe how to stage a mini pond on the terrace.

Mini pond in stone tub

Contents: Create a mini pond

  • Optimal location for the mini pond
  • Possible pond vessels and plant-friendly water
  • Popular pond plants
  • Measures against algae

Optimal location for the mini pond

A private water station with beautiful green plants revives the balcony and becomes an eye-catcher. For a miniature pond, it is preferable to choose a partially shaded location. Too much direct sun does not harm most aquatic plants, but causes excessive algae growth. A shady location, such as a north-facing balcony, is inappropriate.

Danger: If the mini pond is to be placed on a balcony, the permissible load should be checked beforehand, because depending on the size of the vessel, the container can be very heavy.

Possible pond vessels and plant-friendly water

Mini pond, decorated with fresh rose petals.

Rosenteich

In principle, every watertight vessel is suitable for a miniature pond. There are no limits to creativity. In contrast, zinc pans are not suitable because the zinc dissolves due to the humic acids contained in the soil and adversely affects the growth of aquatic plants.

When selecting the vessel, also pay attention to the preferred water depth of the plants to be planted in the mini pond. Flat vessels are only suitable for a few plants and are more complex in their care, because more water must be refilled. Approximately 30 centimeters of water should a mini pond already be able to offer its inhabitants. If you restrict yourself to species that thrive in very shallow water, you can of course also use flatter vessels.

It is best soft rainwaterbecause it gets better for the minibiotop and less calcium builds up. If plants are to be planted for different water depths, the height differences can be created with stones or inverted flowerpots. Once the plants are in place, cover the entire bottom with coarse gravel to reduce algae growth.

Mini ponds are equipped with pond plants that prefer a low to medium water depth and are as small as possible. Below we introduce some popular varieties. The order is based on the required water level: high water level, low water level and finally shore-standing species.

Small water lily

Small water lily

dwarf water lily

dwarf water lily

Crab Claw

Crab Claw

Small water lily: The petioles of this water lily species are about 30-100 cm long. So it is just suitable for larger mini ponds. Their showy white flowers have a diameter of 7-9 centimeters and are a real eye-catcher. Like most water lilies, the small water lily prefers stagnant water.

Dwarf water lily: The beautiful star-shaped flowers of the dwarf lake are with 3-7.5 centimeters in diameter a little smaller than that of the little water lily. They are available in white, crimson, light yellow and pink. The oval leaves are also smaller with a length of about ten centimeters. The dwarf-water lily is with her growth characteristics and her spectacular blooms perfect for the center of your mini-pond-arragements.

Crab Claw: The crab claw also prefers standing, shallow waters. It is on the list of protected species and is very sensitive to water pollution and water level fluctuations. In the wild, the plants sink to the bottom of the water in autumn and do not reappear until spring. It got its name due to the characteristic, scissor-like arrangement of inflorescences.

Schimmfarn

Schimmfarn

Water hyacinth

Water hyacinth

Kalmus

Kalmus

Schimmfarn: This is a rare plant found only in slow-flowing waters. Floating fern is very nutrient-requiring: Due to its fine hair, it has a large surface, through which it can absorb many nutrients from the water. The plant dies in the autumn, but its spores overwinter in the mud bottom and repopulate in spring.

Water hyacinth: The Water Hyacinth is a floating aquatic plant with showy flowers. It tends to proliferate in the long run, causing the waters to begin to weed. It is therefore advisable to cut them back regularly.

Kalmus: The calamus is a reed plant with relatively inconspicuous flowers that stands in marshes and riparian zones of slowly flowing, summer-warm waters. Since the plant is 60 to 100 cm high, it is more suitable for larger miniature oak on the house wall.

Water crowfoot

Water crowfoot

milfoil

milfoil

water spring

water spring

Water crowfoot: The water crowfoot stands in lightly polluted, slowly flowing waters. Although it can form up to 2 meter long shoot axes, in low water and shallow shore it remains much smaller. As an amphibious genus, it adapts very well to the available depth of water and thrives in deep water as well as marshy pines.

Milfoil: The Thousand Leaf is an annual, herbaceous aquatic plant that grows in stagnant lakes and ponds with a water depth between 50 and 200 cm. It grows mostly under the surface, only their flowers protrude a little bit out of the water. The name of the tree is its finely feathered form, which is a pleasant change from large-leaved pond plants. The planting and care of the millennium requires a little tact. Because the plants in aquatic plant nurseries are not grown directly in the water, but on moist soil with high humidity, you should slowly get used to life in the water by planting in shallow water and then increasing the water level by one to two centimeters in a daily rhythm.

Water spring: This plant can be found in nature in shallow, moderately nutrient-rich waters, such as ditches and ponds. Its main axis is between 15 and 50 cm long and has up to eight inches long, comb-shaped pinnate leaves. In the flowering period from May to June, 30 to 50 cm long inflorescences with white to pale pink flowers protrude from the water. Together with pink dwarf water lilies, the water feather results in a varied, color-coordinated arrangement.

luronium

luronium

needle ledges

needle ledges

Drachenwurz

Drachenwurz

Luronium: The 10 to 40 centimeters measuring frog herb is on the list of endangered species and likes to grow on shallow flooded, changing peat bogs. It can also grow temporarily dry, but these phases should not be too long. The dark green, oval floating leaves are three to six inches long - an ideal size for miniature oak.

Needle ledges: The needle lime is also called the needle sorrel and prefers moderately nutrient-rich, sandy riparian zones and wet meadows, where it can spread like a grass. Their thread-thin stems are square and with a stature height of 10 to 15 centimeters are also suitable for smaller miniature varieties.

Drachenwurz: The dragon root is also known as marsh calla, snakeweed, snakeweed or pig's ear. It is native to forest swamps, intermediate moors, wet meadows and on the edge of raised bogs in both flowing and stagnant waters. Dragon's root reaches a stature height of up to 50 cm and is therefore best suited as a background greenery in front of a house wall in mini ponds.

chameleon plant

chameleon plant

moneywort

moneywort

dwarf bamboo

dwarf bamboo

Chameleon plant: The chameleon plant, also called Buntblatt or by its origin "Chinese Lizard Tail", is a five, but usually 30 to 60 cm tall creeper with reddish stems and heart-shaped leaves. From April to September it bears small white flowers, from whose center an elongated inflorescence arises. The leaves are edible, have a coriander-like taste and can be used raw, cooked or as a spice. An extract from their leaves, which is used medicinally in China, helps against swelling. The chameleon plant can be planted as a ground cover and thrives best on the wet shore.

Moneywort: The pennywort is also very suitable as a ground cover in the shore area with its bright yellow flowers. The plant retains its green all year round and prefers nutrient-rich, moist soils.

Dwarf Bamboo: No bamboo species is the Seychelles grass, often referred to as the miniature bamboo, room bamboo or bonsai bamboo. The approximately two millimeters thick stems are in clumps and are about 30 to 60 cm high. It thrives best on the rather dry margins of the mini pond.

Measures against algae

Mini pond with water feature

water feature

What to do against algae? Especially in small ponds, whose water quickly reaches a relatively high temperature in summer, algae feel very well. In order to prevent the uninvited guests from spreading, three simple antidotes are recommended:

The simplest measure is the addition of biodegradable "Algenfrei", which - carefully dosed - neither pond plants nor dwellers harms. Also recommended is a small Pond pump or a water featurethat move the water with oxygen. This also has the advantage that mosquitoes are not at the water, because it disturbs the movement of the surface.

The third option is the settlement of pond snails, the natural enemies of the algae: The small animals feed on the green algae, so that your pond always looks well-kept and clean.

pond snail

pond snail

Pond snails belong to the family of bubble snails and live in stagnant and slowly flowing waters. Since the pond snail feeds on dead plant remains and algae, it is an ideal subtenant for the local mini pond.

The snails are available inexpensively in the Aquaristikbedarf - even by online shipping. The snails can be wintered in miniature pond, unless it completely freezes in winter. Those who can not protect the pond from frost should overwinter the snails at room temperature without direct sunlight in a smaller container or aquarium. Just put some pond water, quartz sand and one or two plants in the container and put the snails by hand. Every week a part of the water is exchanged to keep the oxygen content high. If there are not enough algae, you can feed some fish food from the Aquaristikbedarf.

Tip: If you want, you can also feed cucumber slices. Do not leave the cucumber leftovers in the water for too long, otherwise they will reduce the quality of the water.


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