Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs

Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs: stone

Natural stones are a special floor covering, because every slab and every stone in the natural stone floor is unique. The appearance determines the composition of the different minerals. In addition, a glossy marble floor or a dark granite floor look noble and enhance the living space.

When choosing the natural stone floor, the rock type is very important because marble, granite, sandstone and others differ in their robustness and resilience.

In addition, their appearance changes over time as a result of intensive use or - in the outdoor area - by the weather. Since even natural stones of the same type of rock differ in their mineral composition, it is important to know their characteristics and characteristics before laying.

Natural stone slabs and tiles
Natural stone tiles and slabs are available in many different patterns and colors and have the advantage that they are better suited for damp rooms, such as kitchen and bathroom as well as for corridors than a carpet floor. In addition, they are excellent heat conductors and can sometimes be laid over a floor heating system.

If a natural stone floor in living spaces is too cold, you can lay another floor covering, for example linoleum, cork, wood, coconut fiber or sisal. Carpets and other coverings with good insulation properties are not suitable.

However, plastic floors tend to evaporate, so natural materials are more recommendable. Basically, home improvement should always pay attention to the suitability of the desired products.

Rock types for natural stone slabs

Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs: stone

Yellow, sandblasted Jura marble from Franconia.

Natural stone slabs are available as hard, soft and sedimentary rocks and have a size of at least 0.25 m2. For a firm and stable floor covering often boards with a width of about 10 to 65 cm are used.

Among the hard rocks used include granite, quartzite or gneiss, while used by the soft and sedimentary rocks, for example, marble, sandstone, fresh water lime and the Solnhofen lime.

Granite comes in a variety of colors and patterns and, because of this variety, is used for both indoor and outdoor floor coverings, wall coverings and kitchen worktops. It is pressure-resistant and therefore resilient, water- and weather-resistant. Gneiss, which is more frost-resistant and absorbs more water, has similar properties. Quartzite is found by contamination with various minerals in gray, white and brown, yellow or red color. Although these natural stones are very weather-resistant, they are often laid indoors.

Marble is usually used as flooring in houses or wall cladding. Since it has a more porous structure, it is easy to work. If it is laid outside, it loses part of its color and gets a rough surface. For sandstones the use depends on the composition of the minerals. So there are weather-resistant varieties, while others are caused by moisture and moisture discoloration. Fresh water lime or tufa occurs in white and yellowish shades and can also be easily processed. The Solnhofen limestone is suitable for indoor installation, because it is hard-wearing and sure-footed, and is characterized by easy installation and care.

Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs: slabs

Gray granite

Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs: stone

Ground Solnhofen limestone

Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs: floor

Sandstone with brown coloring

Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs: slabs

Red sandstone

Care of the natural stone floor in winter
If you want to lay natural stones in the garden or as a terrace, you should pay attention to a few things to prevent frost cracks. Although hard rock types can withstand ice and snow, you should clear the snow regularly. When it thaws, water forms, which in turn freezes on the stones and forms cracks. In addition, the use of road salt can lead to discoloration and damage.

Flagstones
This term covers natural stone slabs whose stones have natural break edges and a natural surface. These can be installed both indoors and outdoors. Polygonal plates are laid in the so-called buttering-floating process. The mortar is applied to the substrate and natural stone slabs before the slab is placed in the adhesive bed. In addition, the substrate must be sealed beforehand. Due to this method of laying, moisture can not penetrate between the polygonal panels and the substrate, which is why it is mainly used outdoors, for example when laying polygonal panels as a terrace.

Since the edges of polygonal plates are irregular, do-it-yourselfers should first consider how to arrange them so that the joints are as small as possible. If necessary, you can rework the edges with a grinder. Indoors, it is important that the surface is dry and free of dirt.

Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs: slabs

Natural stone floor in the outdoor area

Natural stone floor and natural stone slabs: slabs

Polygonal plates have natural breaklines

Tip: pour polygonal plates yourself
Natural stones are something nice, but laying is associated with a lot of work and not easy because of different heights of the stones. An alternative form of formwork, which make it possible to produce a similar appearance of cast concrete. After creating the firm and frost-proof ground, the casting molds are laid out, filled with concrete and grouted after hardening. The result is natural stone-like polygonal panels that can be freely designed in the surface. With washed-out gravel or a smooth surface, individual design possibilities arise.

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Video Board: How-To Install Epoxy Natural Stone Flooring