Build natural stone wall


Natural stone walls set signs for decades: as a plot boundary and a prominent fixture in your garden, they stand solidly built for durability and value.

We will show you how to properly wall a natural stone wall in your garden, give you information on foundations, material and joint shapes and show you which variants are possible for natural stone masonry.

Straight joints

Contents: Build natural stone wall

  • Planning: What should my garden wall look like?
  • Cyclopean wall, layered masonry and quarry stone masonry
  • Natural stone wall: build foundation
  • Natural stone wall: joints and joint types
  • Wall natural stone wall

Planning: What should my garden wall look like?

If you choose to build a natural stone wall in your own garden, the first step in the planning and choice of material is to take a natural, wild look or achieve straight lines and accurate edges. Should the wall have a uniform color, or may differently colored stones be used? Is it desirable that gaps and gaps remain for small beneficial organisms or should a closed area be created?

Once you have answered these questions, you can opt for stone types, shapes and designs.

Cyclopean wall, layered masonry and quarry stone masonry

Irregular layer masonry

In the irregular layer masonry stones of different sizes are laid in layers and walled by adjustments and selection of stones to solid rows of stones. Important is the smooth upper and lower degree, otherwise your creativity knows no bounds.

cyclopean

Cyclopean masonry has nothing to do with one-eyed giants: Rather, the term derives from Greek kyklos (Circle) from. In the case of the Cyclops masonry, small stone blocks are "framed" around large blocks of stone, the result can be very different and gives the wall an individual appearance.

Rubble masonry

In the quarry stone masonry is worked with very irregular stones, which have no smooth edges. The joints are therefore rather wide and also quite irregular, but the wall gains in variety. Quarry stone walls are comparatively inexpensive, since foundlings can be used.

Cyclopean

Cyclopean

Rubble masonry

Rubble masonry

Dig trench

Dig trench

Fill in concrete and pound

Fill in concrete and pound

Check level

Check foundation level

Natural stone wall: build foundation

A solid foundation is the basic requirement for a stable and durable wall. We will show you step by step how to lay the foundations of the Berlin Wall.

Very important: The work must be frost-free!

Step 1: Ditch trench

First, an 80 cm deep trench, about ten centimeters wider than the wall, must be excavated in the ground. Take care to carefully remove roots and the course of water and supply lines.

Step 2: Mix concrete or pour in precast concrete

Now mix the concrete in a concrete mixer (precast concrete is also possible) and fill the pit with a first, about 20 cm high concrete layer. This must be well tamped, e.g. with a concrete pounder; for larger construction projects also with a vibrator.

Step 3: Fill up and equalize

Fill up the remaining concrete in two additional layers until you are about five inches below ground level. Now the foundation course has to be checked with a long spirit level, ideally with a leveling rod. Bumps must now be compensated immediately. The wall surface must be perfectly level.

Step 4: Let it dry

Now the foundation has to dry out for about 14 days. Then you can start with the walling up.

Natural stone wall: joints and joint types

Wurstfuge

Basically masonry walls are made with more mortar than ordinary walls; because of the irregularity of the stones. A beautiful, visual impression can be obtained by drawing in a so-called "sausage joint": The bulging mortar is round-shaped with a template. Incidentally, this joint provides for increased stability; It takes much longer to be washed out by the weather.

Glattfuge

It is also known from non-natural stone walls: The smooth gap is a crossed gap, which is especially for machined natural stones. The regular joint pattern gives the wall a monolithic expression.

wide joint

For quarry stone masonry, the wide joint is the first choice. It compensates for unevenness between the rough stones and makes for a rustic, natural impression.

Wurstfuge

Wurstfuge

Glattfuge

Glattfuge

Wall natural stone wall

Wall natural stone wall

In contrast to other walls, you can work relatively freely in a stone wall, so it is most likely to be recommended for laymen. It is important, therefore, above all Offset of the stones to each other; the horizontal compensation by gusset and mortar and putting so-called "Binder stones"that go through the whole width of the wall once. (see also notes on the drywall)

The first row of bricks is placed in a thick mortar bed, about three to five centimeters thick, piled up on the foundation. The tendency is for large stones to be used here. The further course of the stratification is rather individual; always, however, the offset is to be observed. The top row should then be bricked with evenly high stones.

The joints are then pulled to smooth or wide joints or formed, with a template, as Wurstfuge. Your natural stone wall is ready.


Video Board: HOW TO BULD NATURAL STONE WALL, RETAINING ROCK BOULDERS DETAIL MASONRY ADVICE TUTORIAL CONSTRUCTION